Einstein and Planck's differing views about whether science research is removed from social and political forces
Einstein viewed SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH SHOULD BE REMOVED FROM SOCIAL AND POLITICAL FORCES
- Planck played a major role as a basis for Einstein's ideas but their views on the role of science and scientific research were very different.
- Einstein PACIFIST - 1 of 4 scientists sign petition for world peace at start WW1.
- Planck PATRIOT - 1 of nearly 100 distinguished scientists signed manifesto produced by German government condoning invasion of Belgium
- devoted to pursuit of knowledge and understanding.
Planck argued the purpose of science was to support social and political agenda
- saw rapid progress of German's scientific research as benefit to all Germans and as a clear indication of their superior abilities.
Relationship between Planck
put under increasing tension as Hitler and Nazi party
won control. Einstein's work on relativity
opposed by scientists involved with Nazi party. As WW2 began
, Planck strongly supported Nazi
and worked for the war effort and ask Einstein to resign from the Prussian acadmy because of his views on the Nazi gov and opposition to activities leading up to the war. As war progressed
, Planck stayed in Germany
, with his research directed to the war effort - faithful to Nazi doctrine.
Despite their respect for each other, Einstein could not forgive Planck for his contributions to the Nazi war effort. Planck did realise that scientific research should be removed from social and political forces but this was only an ideal situation.
War and Nazi atrocities forced Einstein to act politically
, encouraging Roosevelt
in getting the funds for the scientific research of the development of a nuclear weapon or atomic bomb before the Nazi regime. Hence by this time he realised science was inevitably linked political issues.