Card Set Information
Buildings and Architects
Bishop's Palace - Nicholas John Clayton
Embodies cosmopolitan, rising presence of Houston, a call for attention.
Foam House - Charles Harker
Embodies rebellion, counter-culture, and authenticity with nature.
Represents precision, mathematics, geometry, civilization, order, theatre, cultural sophistication.
St. Peter's Cathedral - Bramante, Sangallo
Embodies grandiosity, majesty of god, political center of power
San Antonio Library - Ricardo Leorreta
3 reasons to learn architecture
1. Familiarize oneself with the discipline of architecture.
2. Become a connoeiseur of architecture
3. Make an impact on architecture/activism
5 Things that Atchitecture Impacts
1. Provide Shelter
2. Mitigate thermal environment/climate control
3. Provides a framework for organizing activities.
4. Aesthetic appretiation/beauty
5. Communicate meaning.
physical embodiment of who we are as individuals and who we are collectively as a culture.
4 sources of architectural style
3. time frame
1. All individuals should strive for self actualization. Society depends on the individual.
2. Nature was man's teacher, and is where inspiration should come from.
1. design is an emotional and spiritual process.
2. beauty is a relative thing, no such thing as an absolute.
3. function is above all, the primary criteria for architecture.
4. the expression of the building should reflect those individual functions
Mies Van der Rohe
1. society depends on institutions for progress, and
2. collective knowledge is man's great teacher.
1. design is an analytical, logical process.
2. there are certainly universal values of beauty
3. characterisitics of architecture may be broadly applies; best standards and practices
4. the expression of the building should be the result of the construction.
1. Society depends on great leaders for progress
2. Fate is the ultimate determinant of the universe.
1. Architecture is aout wonder, drama, and power.
2. Architecture is a vehicle for conveying ideas
3. Buildings should represent their role in society.
4. Architecture is a path towards greatness/transcendence.
5. THe classical periods were man's great teacher.
Farm - Hugo Haring
Barelona Pavilion - Mies van der Rohe
Farnsworth House - Mies van der Rohe
Nazi Party Rally Grounds - Albert Speer
New State Chancellery - Albert Speer
Beatitudes of Architecture
: Firmness: does the bilding stand? Is it struturally sound?
: Commodity: does it accomodate humans?
: Delight: does it have beautiful form and aesthetic?
Chateau - Le vau/le notre/le brun
Taj Mahal - Shah Jahan
Temple of Heaven - Ming Dynasty
Chapel in Ronchanps - Le Corbusier
Sydney Opera House - Jorn Utzon
!2 Types of Form
Scale, Texture, Shape, Color, Line, Light, Space, Symmetry, Rhythm, Material, Balance, Proportion
Architectural Chararcteristics of the Renaissance
Villa Rotuda - Palladio
bilateral symmetry emphazizes order
floor plan has precise mathematical proportions
Dormitory at Bry Mawr College - Louis Kahn
conveys logic and scientific inquiry
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontana - Borromini
lies on a corner; looks like a building on one side, but a wall on the other. complexity
two churches: one central, other elliptical aisle
Denver Museum of Art - Daniel Libeskind
complex, dynamic interior
S. Andrea - Alberti
Things are built as walls or frames, however, this does both to convey technique
Schroeder House - Gerritt Rietveld
conveys technique using strong, yet light looking materials. thin walls unound by gravity. no suspension
Centre Pompideau - Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers
technique of mechanization, expose technology
Austin City Plan - Edwin Waller
divided between two bluffs, with creeks outlining it. slope running up to the center . perfect natural setting, grid pattern
Savannah City Plan - James Oglethorpe
grid divided into blocks called "wards", which were built to be communtities. no hierarchy. all blocks were identical
Central Beheer Offices - Herman Hertzberg
Modules within modules
Mathematical Traits in Architecture
Mysticism, Prestige, Structural Practicality, Iconicism, Intellectual Puzzle
Stockholm Library - Gunnar Asplund
Guggenheim Museum - Frank Lloyd Wright
U.S. Pavilion at Expo - Buckminster Fuller
House - Peter Eismann
Capitol Buildings - Louis Kahn
Exploration Place Children's Science Museum - Moshe Safdie
4 Ways Architecture is Affected by Nature
1. Buildings often have a natural base for their materials/
2. Natural forces, such as gravity and wind act on forms.
3. Buidings respond to natural activities, movement, function.
4. Our physiology is organically shaped, and buildings reflect.
Castel Beranger - Hector Guimard