Film and Culture
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What is the Golden Age?
From the advent of sound to the Late 1940s. The studio system and vertical integration were large parts of the Golden age
What were the big 5 studios?
20th Century Fox
What brought about the end of the Golden Age?
Independent movie producers won a battle against the monopoly of the large studios, the studios were ordered to give up their theaters, divesture, opening the market to smaller producers. Also the advent of tv.
What is the studio system?
They set out to make money 1st, art 2nd. Contract actors, B movies
Niche Studio Styles
Paramount - comedies
MGM - all star productions
Warner Bros - gritty social realism, gangster, war, westerns
20th century - Musicals, prestige biographies
RKO - dance, Orson Welles,
Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America-
Self censorship - used the Production Code (1930)
Production Code Administration - agency to enforce the production code, could impose fines if code was not met.
Classical film genres
- gangster or melodrama
Identifying genre style
Iconography (recurrent visual icons), stock characters, typical themes, central narrative paterns.
historical and cultural context
Fundamental changes in culture
One of the oldest genres
use of guns, cars, lashy clothes
song and dance to tell story
integrated and nonintegrated
takes two people from different backgrounds and puts them in a romantic situation
focus on a central emothional crisis
and narrative places key social institutions under scrutiny
Seamless storytelling, the continuity style
films constructed so viewer is not aware of construction.
character's main drive is generally countered w/conflict.
swift movement toward resolution
complete closure by end of movie
Visual elements of continuity style
invisible visual styles.
character's movement - natural
180 degree rule
3 point lighting- bright light, fill light, back light
Use of firearms limited to essentials
Brutal killings not presented in detail
Scenes of passion should not be introduced when not essential to plot,
No film can ridicule religion
scenes of childbirth not to be shown
Obscenity and profanity is forbidden
the arrangement of everything that appears in the framing - actors, lighting, decor, props, costume. means placing on the stage
3 types of film
Narrative - has a beg. middle, end
A character's previous experience that shapes the character
Types of documentaries
direct cinema - as if you were there
four questions - Documentary
- What is the filmaker's purpose?
- What truths are discussed throughout the presented material?
- What facts are distorted to prove a point or gain audience approval?
What film elements were used to create dramatic cinema - lighting, sound, camera angles?
Production, distribution, and exhibition all done by same studio
a story - someone's account of a sequence of events in chronological order - has a story and a plot
the world in which the story is set
music, voice over narration, title, credits (things the characters are not aware of in the movie)
- character introduction in the first part of the movie, tells of characters conflicts, motivation,
- establishes status quo
The inciting incident - when the plot begins
clue of something to follow
an important occurance - repeated
types of narrative
- 1st person narrator
- 3rd person narrator
- 3rd person omniscient - knows all
- restricted - only knows what the character knows
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