Film and Culture

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Film and Culture
2012-02-18 17:01:50
film culture

film and culture
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  1. What is the Golden Age?
    From the advent of sound to the Late 1940s. The studio system and vertical integration were large parts of the Golden age
  2. What were the big 5 studios?

    Warner Bros

    20th Century Fox


    Loews (MGM)
  3. What brought about the end of the Golden Age?
    Independent movie producers won a battle against the monopoly of the large studios, the studios were ordered to give up their theaters, divesture, opening the market to smaller producers. Also the advent of tv.
  4. What is the studio system?
    They set out to make money 1st, art 2nd. Contract actors, B movies
  5. Niche Studio Styles
    Paramount - comedies

    MGM - all star productions

    Warner Bros - gritty social realism, gangster, war, westerns

    20th century - Musicals, prestige biographies

    RKO - dance, Orson Welles,
  6. MPPDA
    Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America-

    Self censorship - used the Production Code (1930)
  7. PCA
    Production Code Administration - agency to enforce the production code, could impose fines if code was not met.
  8. Classical film genres
    • gangster or melodrama
    • Western

  9. Identifying genre style
    Iconography (recurrent visual icons), stock characters, typical themes, central narrative paterns.

    historical and cultural context

    Fundamental changes in culture
  10. Westerns
    One of the oldest genres

  11. Gangster genre

    use of guns, cars, lashy clothes
  12. Musical genre
    song and dance to tell story

    integrated and nonintegrated
  13. Screwball comedy
    takes two people from different backgrounds and puts them in a romantic situation
  14. melodrama
    focus on a central emothional crisis

    and narrative places key social institutions under scrutiny
  15. Seamless storytelling, the continuity style
    films constructed so viewer is not aware of construction.

    character's main drive is generally countered w/conflict.

    swift movement toward resolution

    complete closure by end of movie
  16. Visual elements of continuity style
    invisible visual styles.

    character's movement - natural


    180 degree rule


    3 point lighting- bright light, fill light, back light
  17. Production Code
    Use of firearms limited to essentials

    Brutal killings not presented in detail

    Scenes of passion should not be introduced when not essential to plot,

    No film can ridicule religion

    scenes of childbirth not to be shown

    Obscenity and profanity is forbidden

    no nudity
  18. Mise-en-scene
    the arrangement of everything that appears in the framing - actors, lighting, decor, props, costume. means placing on the stage
  19. 3 types of film
    Avant garde


    Narrative - has a beg. middle, end
  20. Back story
    A character's previous experience that shapes the character
  21. Protagonist
  22. Antagonist
  23. Types of documentaries




    direct cinema - as if you were there
  24. four questions - Documentary
    • What is the filmaker's purpose?
    • What truths are discussed throughout the presented material?
    • What facts are distorted to prove a point or gain audience approval?

    What film elements were used to create dramatic cinema - lighting, sound, camera angles?
  25. Vertical Integration
    Production, distribution, and exhibition all done by same studio
  26. Narrative-
    a story - someone's account of a sequence of events in chronological order - has a story and a plot
  27. Diagesis
    the world in which the story is set
  28. non-diegetic material
    music, voice over narration, title, credits (things the characters are not aware of in the movie)
  29. Exposition
    • character introduction in the first part of the movie, tells of characters conflicts, motivation,
    • establishes status quo

    The inciting incident - when the plot begins
  30. foreshadowing
    clue of something to follow
  31. motif
    an important occurance - repeated
  32. types of narrative
    • 1st person narrator
    • 3rd person narrator
    • 3rd person omniscient - knows all
    • restricted - only knows what the character knows