From the advent of sound to the Late 1940s. The studio system and vertical integration were large parts of the Golden age
What were the big 5 studios?
20th Century Fox
What brought about the end of the Golden Age?
Independent movie producers won a battle against the monopoly of the large studios, the studios were ordered to give up their theaters, divesture, opening the market to smaller producers. Also the advent of tv.
What is the studio system?
They set out to make money 1st, art 2nd. Contract actors, B movies
Niche Studio Styles
Paramount - comedies
MGM - all star productions
Warner Bros - gritty social realism, gangster, war, westerns
20th century - Musicals, prestige biographies
RKO - dance, Orson Welles,
Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America-
Self censorship - used the Production Code (1930)
Production Code Administration - agency to enforce the production code, could impose fines if code was not met.