BIO100 Test#1

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AshantaeG
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136311
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BIO100 Test#1
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2012-02-19 12:53:33
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Life Science Bio100 Biology
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Test 1
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  1. Science means "_______."
    To know
  2. Biology is __________________.
    The study of life.
  3. Define "Creationism."
    God created everything. (Intelligent Design.)
  4. Define "Evolution."
    Things came to be from a common ancestor. (from adaptation)
  5. What does "Natural Selection" mean?
    Survival of the fittest. (Darwin)
  6. What is Abiogenesis?
    Spontaneus generation.
  7. What is Biogenesis?
    Life arises from pre-existing matter.
  8. Define "Mechanism."
    (w/o God)


    States life can be explained in terms of natural transformations of energy and matter.
  9. Define "Vitalism."
    The view that life has unique mystical properties that are distinct from those ascribed by chemical and physical laws.
  10. Define "Metabolism."
    Break things down.
  11. What is "Anabolic Rx?"
    Storage of protein; growth of tissue.
  12. What is "Catabolic Rx?"
    Breakdown of molecules; Release energy.
  13. Define Ingestion.
    To eat; digestion, absorption.
  14. Somatic
    Mitosis (divides)

    All body cells.

    Diploid (meaning = all)

    46 chromosomes
  15. Gametic
    Mieosis (creation)

    Sperm; Ovary

    Haploid (meaning = half)

    23 chromosomes
  16. The classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicates natural relationships is ______ ?
    Taxonomy.
  17. Taxonomy is used to ______ ?
    Classify species and organize them.
  18. Taxonomy classification.

    Hint:

    Do Keep Plates Clean Or Family Gets Sick.
    (General)
  19. Domain
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  20. (to Specific)
  21. Who created Taxonomy?
    Carl Linnaeus
  22. Who is Carl Linnaeus?
    "Father of Taxonomy"

    Named, ranked, classified organisms
  23. What are Bacteria?
    Prokaryote (simple, incomplete nucleus)

    One celled

    Microscopic organisms

    ex: germs, e.coli
  24. What are Archaea?
    Bacteria-like.

    Live in extreme (hot/cold) conditions.

    ex: volcanoes, antartica
  25. What are Eukarya?
    Complex cells (one cell or multiple)

    True nuclei.

    DNA; surrounded by a membrane.

    Classified into Kingdoms:

    1) Protista

    2) Fungi

    3) Plantae

    4) Animalia
  26. Protista.


    One celled organism.


    ex: amoeba, paramecium
  27. Fungi.
    Mushrooms (fungus)

    Decompers (break down waste products)


    ex: moss, mold, yeast
  28. Plantae.
    Plants

    Producers (O2, carbs)
  29. Animalia.
    Animals.

    Consumers (O2, carbs, food stuffs)
  30. Experiments in Science consist of:
    Testing observations.

    Analyzation

    Documentation

    Replication
  31. Scientific Method is a sequence for "_______ ?"


    It also consists of _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____.
    "Testing the hypothesis."

    -Observation (look at the problem)

    -Question (ask why?)

    -Hypothesis (educated guess, possible answer)

    -Prediction (what if? predict an outcome)

    -Experiment (do it!)

    -Result (outcome)
  32. (Chemistry)

    Composition (chemicals)

    NCHOPS
    • Nitrogen
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
    • Phosphorus
    • Sulfur
  33. What are chemical reactions?
    Metabolic (metabolism - breaking down)
  34. What is matter?
    • Anything with mass or volume that takes up space.
    • Made up of atoms.
  35. What are "atoms?"

    Atoms are the smallest unit of matter that retains the property of that matter.


    ex: lead retains lead matter, gold retains gold matter.
  36. Protons.
    Positive (+) charged particle.
  37. Electrons.
    Negative (-) charged particle.
  38. Neutrons.
    No charge particle.
  39. Nucleus of an atom contain _____.
    Protons and Neutrons.
  40. What part of an atom contain protons and neutrons?
    • Nucleus.
  41. Outside shell of an atom contains _____.
    • Electrons.
    • Have little mass.
  42. What is the atomic number?



    # of protons and neutrons in a nucleus.
  43. What is the atomic weight?


    • Mass of nucleus of atom.
    • # (sum) of protons and neutrons.
  44. Elements are _________ ?


    Atoms with specific characteristics.

    ex: iron, nickel, zinc
  45. What are the 2 kinds of elements?
    • Essential - necessary for life.
    • Trace - needed in small amounts for life. (calcium, zinc)
  46. What are molecules?
    2 atoms bonded together.
  47. Two atoms that are bonded together are called ______.


    Molecules.
  48. What are compounds?


    2 or more molecules bonded together.

    ex: H20, CO2


  49. 2 or more molecules bonded together are called ______.
    Compounds.

    ex: H20, CO2

  50. Ionic Bonds are ______.


    • Non-shared.
    • One element takes electron from other elements.
  51. Covalent Bonds are ______.
    • Sharing of electrons.
    • Not a strong (+) effect.
  52. Chemicals of Life are listed as Elements with Symbols.

    Elements:

    HYDROGEN
    BORON
    CARBON
    NITROGEN
    OXYGEN
    SODIUM (
    NATRIUM)
    MAGNESIUM
    PHOSPHORUS
    SULFUR
    CHLORINE
    POTASSIUM (
    KALIUM)
    CALCIUM
    CHROMIUM
    MANGANESE
    IRON (
    FERRIS)
    COBALT
    NICKEL
    COPPER (
    CUPROUS)
    ZINC
    SELENIUM
    Symbols:

    • H
    • B
    • C
    • N
    • O
    • Na
    • Ma
    • P
    • S
    • CL
    • K
    • Ca
    • Cr
    • Mn
    • Fe
    • Co
    • Ni
    • Cu
    • Zn
    • Se

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