Uworld 4

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  1. PGE analog for NSAID induced gastritis?
  2. PGE1 used to keep PDA open?
  3. PGE1 used along with Mifeprostone for D & C?
  4. Amyloidosis of the heart in an old person is due to what?
    • Transthyretin
    • Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
  5. Amyloidosis of the thyroid?
    calcitonin due to medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
  6. Amyloidosis of the pancreas?
  7. Amyloidosis of the cerebrum/cerebral blood vessels is due to what?
    beta amyloid
  8. Amyloidosis of the pituitary gland is due to what?
  9. Amyloidosis of the immunoglobulin light chain occurs in what organs?
    everywhere--heart, GI, kidney, Peripheral nerves, skin, tounge
  10. Superior sulcus tumor is also called what?
    Pancoast tumor
  11. What causes methemoglobinemia?
    • oxidizing agents i.e fava beans, drugs
    • G6PD deficiency
  12. Bronchial arteries arise from where?
    descending aorta
  13. Bronchial veins drain where?
    left atrium
  14. What are the 2 consequences of carbon Monoxide Poisoning?
    • 1- carboxyhemoglobin-decreased 02 content of blood
    • 2- increased affinity of hemoglobin for O2
  15. What nerve is at risk during a thyroid surgery?
    superior laryngeal nerve--innervating cricothyroid
  16. Mucicarmine stain is used for what?
  17. Pemphigus Vulgaris or Bullous Pemphigoid has a positive Nikolsky sign?
    Pemphigus vulgaris--sepration of the epidermis upon manual stroking of skin
  18. Rx for essential familal tremor?
  19. Differential between Carbamoyl Phosphotase I and ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency?
    • Carbamoyl Phosphatase I--elevated Ammonia
    • Ornithine Transcarbamylase-- ammonia and orotic acid
  20. Megaloblastic anemia that does not improve with Vitamin B12 or folate?
    Orotic aciduria--due to orotic acid phosphoribosyl transferase deficiency or Orotidine-5 Phosphoribosyl decarboxylase deficiency
  21. Orotic aciduria is cause by a deficiency of what?
    • Oritidine 5-phosphoribosyl decarboxylase deficiency
    • orotic acid phosphoribosyl transferase deficiency
  22. Allosteric activator of Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I?
    N-acetyl glutamate
  23. What is a pulsion diverticulum?
    outpocketing of a colonic wall due to increased intraluminal pressure
  24. Recurrent Nephrolithiasis at a young age implies what pathology?
    cystinuria--or deficiency reabsorption of amino acids such as cysteine, ornithine, arginine lysine
  25. Diagnostic test for cystinuria?
    Sodium Nitroprusside-cyanide
  26. Side effects of all nitrates i.e isosorbide nitrate, nitroglycerin?
    • reflex tachy
    • flushing
    • headaches
  27. Familial HyperLipoproteinemia I is caused by what?
    • Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency or Apo C II deficiency
    • LDL receptor deficiency
    • Apo E deficiency--ineffective chylomicron and VLDL
    • Overproduction of VLDL
    • Apo B48 and B100 deficiency
  28. Rx for essential familial tremor?
  29. What commonly causes hydatid cysts?
    Echinoccocus Granulosus
  30. What receptor causes mydriasis or the contraction of the radial muscle?
  31. What are the most common 3 locations for germinomas?
    • mediastinum
    • pineal gland
    • gonads
Card Set:
Uworld 4
2012-02-20 22:53:34

Uworld 4
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