The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
PGE analog for NSAID induced gastritis?
PGE1 used to keep PDA open?
PGE1 used along with Mifeprostone for D & C?
Amyloidosis of the heart in an old person is due to what?
- Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
Amyloidosis of the thyroid?
calcitonin due to medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
Amyloidosis of the pancreas?
Amyloidosis of the cerebrum/cerebral blood vessels is due to what?
Amyloidosis of the pituitary gland is due to what?
Amyloidosis of the immunoglobulin light chain occurs in what organs?
everywhere--heart, GI, kidney, Peripheral nerves, skin, tounge
Superior sulcus tumor is also called what?
What causes methemoglobinemia?
- oxidizing agents i.e fava beans, drugs
- G6PD deficiency
Bronchial arteries arise from where?
Bronchial veins drain where?
What are the 2 consequences of carbon Monoxide Poisoning?
- 1- carboxyhemoglobin-decreased 02 content of blood
- 2- increased affinity of hemoglobin for O2
What nerve is at risk during a thyroid surgery?
superior laryngeal nerve--innervating cricothyroid
Mucicarmine stain is used for what?
Pemphigus Vulgaris or Bullous Pemphigoid has a positive Nikolsky sign?
Pemphigus vulgaris--sepration of the epidermis upon manual stroking of skin
Rx for essential familal tremor?
Differential between Carbamoyl Phosphotase I and ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency?
- Carbamoyl Phosphatase I--elevated Ammonia
- Ornithine Transcarbamylase-- ammonia and orotic acid
Megaloblastic anemia that does not improve with Vitamin B12 or folate?
Orotic aciduria--due to orotic acid phosphoribosyl transferase deficiency or Orotidine-5 Phosphoribosyl decarboxylase deficiency
Orotic aciduria is cause by a deficiency of what?
- Oritidine 5-phosphoribosyl decarboxylase deficiency
- orotic acid phosphoribosyl transferase deficiency
Allosteric activator of Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I?
What is a pulsion diverticulum?
outpocketing of a colonic wall due to increased intraluminal pressure
Recurrent Nephrolithiasis at a young age implies what pathology?
cystinuria--or deficiency reabsorption of amino acids such as cysteine, ornithine, arginine lysine
Diagnostic test for cystinuria?
Side effects of all nitrates i.e isosorbide nitrate, nitroglycerin?
- reflex tachy
Familial HyperLipoproteinemia I is caused by what?
- Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency or Apo C II deficiency
- LDL receptor deficiency
- Apo E deficiency--ineffective chylomicron and VLDL
- Overproduction of VLDL
- Apo B48 and B100 deficiency
Rx for essential familial tremor?
What commonly causes hydatid cysts?
What receptor causes mydriasis or the contraction of the radial muscle?
What are the most common 3 locations for germinomas?
- pineal gland