KIN 2509 Ch 3

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KIN 2509 Ch 3
2012-02-19 21:35:45
suffixes prefixes

Ch 3 Suffixes & Prefixes
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  1. -o/centesis
    surgical puncture
  2. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  3. -o/stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  4. -o/tomy
  5. arthrocentesis
    surgical puncture of a joint space with a needle to remove accumulated fluid
  6. mastectomy
    excision of the breast
  7. colostomy
    surgical opening of a portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to its outside surface
  8. phlebotomy
    incision of a vein to draw blood
  9. -o/clasis
    to break
  10. -o/lysis
    separation, destruction, loosening
  11. -o/tripsy
  12. osteoclasis
    surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
  13. thrombolysis
    dissolution of a blood clot
  14. lithotripsy
    crushing of a stone or calculus
  15. -o/desis
    binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  16. -o/pexy
    suspension, fixation (of an organ)
  17. -o/plasty
    surgical repair
  18. -o/rrhaphy
  19. arthrodesis
    fixation of a joint by a procedure that fuses the joint surfaces
  20. colpopexy
    fixation of a relaxed and prolapsed vagina to the abdominal wall
  21. rhinoplasty
    surgical repair of the nose to change its structure; plastic surgery of the nose
  22. myorrhaphy
    suture of a muscle
  23. amniocentesis
    transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid
  24. -o/gram
    record, writing
  25. angiogram
    a radiographic image of a blood vessel into which contrast medium has been injected
  26. -o/graph
    instrument for recording
  27. electrocardiograph
    instrument for recording electrical activity of the heart
  28. -o/graphy
    process of recording
  29. angiography
    a radiographic image of blood vessels and heart chambers after injecting a radiopaque contrast medium into a specific blood vessel or heart chamber
  30. -o/meter
    instrument for measuring
  31. -o/metry
    act of measuring
  32. -o/scope
    instrument to view or examine
  33. -o/scopy
    visual examination
  34. craniometer
    instrument for measuring the skull
  35. audiometry
    measurement of hearing acuity for various frequencies of sound waves
  36. endoscope
    an instrument consisting of a tube and optical system for observing the inside of a hollow organ or cavity
  37. endoscopy
    visual examination or inspection of body organs or cavities with an endoscope
  38. Medical Word Building Rules
    • 1. A word root is used to link a suffix that begins with a vowel.
    • 2. A combining form (root+o) is used to link a suffix that begins with a consonant.
    • 3. A combining form (root+o) is used to link multiple roots even if a root begins with a vowel.
  39. -algia
  40. -o/dynia
  41. -o/cele
    hernia, swelling
  42. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  43. -edema
  44. -emesis
  45. -emia
    blood condition
  46. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  47. -itis
  48. -o/lith
    stone, calculus
  49. -o/malacia
  50. -o/megaly
  51. -oma
  52. neuralgia
    pain in a nerve or along the course of a nerve
  53. otodynia
    pain in the ear
  54. hepatocele
    hernia of the liver
  55. bronchiectasis
    chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi
  56. lymphedema
    accumulation of lymph in soft tissue and resultant swelling caused by inflammation, obstruction, or removal of lymph channels
  57. hematemesis
    the vomiting of blood
  58. leukemia
    a malignancy of the blood forming cells in the bone marrow
  59. cholelithiasis
    formation of bile stones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
  60. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  61. cholelith
  62. osteomalacia
    an abnormal condition of softening and weakening of the bones
  63. hepatomegaly
    enlargement of the liver
  64. carcinoma
    cancerous tumor
  65. -o/pathy
  66. -o/penia
    decrease, deficiency
  67. -o/plasia
    formation, growth
  68. -o/plasm
    formation, growth
  69. -o/rrhage
    bursting forth (of)
  70. -o/rrhagia
    bursting forth (of)
  71. -o/rrhea
    discharge, flow
  72. -o/rrhexis
  73. -osis
    abnormal condition increase (used only with blood cells)
  74. -o/spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  75. -o/stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  76. -o/toxic
  77. -o/trophy
    development, nourishment
  78. neuropathy
    any disease of the nerves
  79. leukopenia
    abnormal decrease of white blood cells (leukocytes)
  80. dysplasia
    abnormal formation or growth of tissue
  81. neoplasm
    a new and abnormal formation of tissue, as a tumor or a growth; usually used to denote a cancerous growth or tumor
  82. hemorrhage
    profuse discharge of blood
  83. menorrhagia
    profuse discharge of blood during menstruation
  84. diarrhea
    frequent evacuation of watery stools
  85. angiorrhexis
    rupture of a vessel, especially a blood vessel
  86. cyanosis
    abnormal condition of blueness of the skin, which indicates a decrease in oxygen
  87. blepharospasm
    twitching of the eyelid
  88. arteriostenosis
    abnormal narrowing of an artery
  89. thyrotoxic
    pertaining to the toxic activity of the thyroid gland
  90. dystrophy
    tissue degeneration caused by poor nourishment or prolonged disuse
  91. adjective suffixes meaning "pertaining to, relating to"
    -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ical, -ile, -ory, -ose, -ous, -tic
  92. -iatry
    medicine, treatment
  93. -ia, -ism, -y
  94. -ician, -ist
  95. a-
    without, not
  96. an-
    without, not
  97. brady-
  98. dia-
    through, across
  99. dipl-
  100. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult
  101. endo-
    in, within
  102. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  103. hypo-
    under, below
  104. im-
  105. in-
    in, not
  106. macro-
  107. micro-
  108. neo-
  109. pseudo-
  110. syn-
    union, together, joined
  111. tachy-
  112. amastia
    absence of breasts in women caused by a congenital defect
  113. anorexia
    loss of appetite
  114. bradypnea
    abnormally slow breathing
  115. diplopia
    double vision
  116. dyspepsia
    difficult or painful digestion
  117. endoscopy
    visual examination or inspection of body organs or cavities by use of an endoscope
  118. hyperglycemia
    excessive amount of sugar in the blood, as in diabetes
  119. hypoglycemia
    abnormally low level of sugar in the blood
  120. impotence
    inability of a man to achieve or maintain an erection
  121. insomnia
    condition of not being able to sleep
  122. macrocephaly
    abnormally large size of the head
  123. microcephaly
    abnormally small size of the head
  124. pseudocyesis
    a false pregnancy; condition in which all of the usual signs and symptoms of a pregnancy occur in a person who is not pregnant
  125. syndactylism
    congenital anomaly characterized by the fusion of the fingers or toes
  126. tachypnea
    an abnormally rapid rate of breathing