Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user KyleTDrum on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?

  1. The compound past is used to describe an action that happened only once: I ate dinner at Raul's house last night. We went to a movie. The compound past is formed by a conjugated form of "to have" plus the past participle of the verb.
  2. Compound Past Forms:
    a. am *
    b. ai
    c. a
    d. am *
    e. aţi
    f. au
    Note: To negate a past tense you add a 'nu' in front of the 'avea' helping verb. This often gets shortened to 'n-'.
    g. Nu am/N-am
    h. Nu ai/N-ai
    i. Nu au/N-au
    • a. I've
    • b. You've
    • c. He/She has
    • d. We've
    • e. You've all
    • f. They've
    • g. I did not
    • h. You didn't
    • i. They did not

    • *You can use the personal pronouns to stress who is the doer of the action.
    • Eu am făcut. (I did.)
    • Noi am făcut. (We did.)
  3. -a, -ea, -i, and -î verbs have the suffixes (?), (?), (?), and (?).
    -e verbs have 3 suffixes - (?), (?), and (?). They don't have a set standard for their conjugations. Best to learn them by heart.
    • (at), (ut), (it), and (ât)
    • (ut), (s), and (t)
  4. 1. -a
    a. Add
    b. da
    c. lua
    d. mânca
    e. sta
    f. alerga
    • a. (t)
    • b. dat (gave)
    • c. luat (took)
    • d. mâncat (eat)
    • e. stat (stayed)
    • f. alergat (ran)
  5. 2. -ea
    a. Replace with
    b. avea
    c. vrea
    d. putea
    e. bea
    f. vedea
    • a. (ut)
    • b. avut (had)
    • c. vrut (wanted)
    • d. putut (could)
    • e. but (drank)
    • f. vedut (seen)
  6. 3. -e
    a. Replace with
    b. If final consonant is d, change to
    c. Replace with
    d. If final vowel is i, change e to s
    e. Replace with
    • a. (ut)
    • b. (z)
    • c. (s)
    • d. (s)
    • e. (t)
  7. 4. -e examples
    a. începe
    b. crede
    c. scrie
    d. înţelege
    e. râde
    f. fierbe
    • a. început (started)
    • b. crezut (thought)
    • c. scris (wrote)
    • d. înţeles (understood)
    • e. râs (laughed)
    • f. fiert (boiled)
  8. 5. -i
    a. Add
    b. ieşi
    c. dormi
    • a. t
    • b. ieşit
    • c. dormit
  9. 6. -î
    a. Replace with
    b. urî
    • a. ât
    • b. urât
  10. a. Ai băut ultima bere din frigider?
    b. Da, de ce? N-am ştiut că ai vrut nişte bere.
    c. Ai spart masa!
    d. A fost spartă mai demult. *
    e. Aţi venit ieri?
    f. Pisicile au mîncat şoarecii.
    g. Noi n-am văzut nimic! **
    h. Ea niciodată n-a auzit nimic. **
    i. Ieri am primit o scrisoare de la el.
    j. Au mers pînă la vamă.
    k. Am vorbit toata ziua.
    l. N-au spus nimic. **
    m. Maşina n-a fost nicăieri. **
    • a. Did you drink the last beer from the refrigerator?
    • b. Yes, why? I didn't know that you wanted some beer.
    • c. You broke the table!
    • d. It was broken a while ago.
    • e. Did you all come yesterday?
    • f. The cats ate the mice.
    • g. We didn't see anything!
    • h. She never heard anything.
    • i. I got a letter from him yesterday.
    • h. They went up to the border.
    • k. We talked the whole day.
    • l. They didn't say anything.
    • m. The car wasn't anywhere.

    *Sometimes the past tense conjugation of the verb can be used as an adjective as well. Masculine and Feminine genders will be used.

    • ** Double-negatives are used in past tense negations.
    • nimeni (nobody)
    • nicăieri (nowhere)
    • niciodată (never)
    • nimic (nothing)

Card Set Information

2012-02-20 04:49:17
Romanian Compound Past Tense

Romanian Compound Past Tense
Show Answers:

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview