Texas History

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  1. Gulf Coastal Plains
    Flat, Humid, "iney Woods" have thick forests and clay soil. The Blackland Prairies. Near the Rigo Grande Region. THe Nueces River is part of the Coastal Region. Indian Tribes: The Caddo, Karankawa, and Coahuiltecans.
  2. Ben Milam
    One of the Hero of San Antonio. He was 47. One of the senior. Winter Quarters at Goliad...fighting season. Many Might not come back during the spring. "Who Follows Old Ben Milam" 300 Men Followed. Killed on Third Day of the Assault.
  3. North Central Plains
    From Red River to the Rio Grande. Mostly Praire. Cross Timber region "small thing strip of woods". Hill country. Semi Arid. Very hot and dry. Have seasonal rainfall but limited to a certain period of time. Indians found here: Wichita (Cross Tibers), Tonkawa (Hill Country)
  4. Southern High Plains
    Extension of Great Plains. "The Great American Desert" Lacks rivers. Vast sea of Grass. Livable but hars conditions. Llano Estacod a very arid Region and Palo Duro Canyon which contains the largest forest. Indians Found here are the Apache and the Comanche.
  5. Trans-Pecos
    Most Mountainous region. Extreme western part of the state. Mesquite trees grow here and it is the most arid. The Dry Plains recive about 8 inches of rain per year. Have great scenic beauty like the Davis mountain and the Big Bend. This area was a latte settlement. The Indians that lived here were the Jumano.
  6. Caddo Indians
    • Gulf Coastal Plain Region.
    • East Texas and Western Louisiana.
    • An agricultural society.
    • The most advance tribe in Texas. Have well-developed society.
    • Had priests, Chief, a form of government and had trade with other tribes making them wealthy.
    • Have livestock, fences, garden areas, and even traded with Europeans.
    • They lived in Villages in pole homes and have cermonial centers consisting of mounds and temples.
  7. Caddo Indians, Essay:
    The Caddo Indian group came from East Texas and Western Louisiana. They have a very good soil and therefore was able to farm and lived in a highly developed society. They lived in villages with pole homes and are engaged in trade. They also have ceremonial Centers in which mounds and temples are erected as their holy place.
  8. Karankawa Indians, Essay:
    The Karankawa however lived in the coastal plains in which they did not engage in agriculture and basically lived off the land and the sea. They are very fierce and territorial living in simple villages and does not trade among other tribes. They practiced cannibalism, though it was only done in special ceremonial events.
  9. Karankawa Indians
    • A Gulf Coastal Tribe.
    • Lived in the Coastal Plains.
    • Non agriculture.
    • Lived off the land and sea.
    • Simple Villages.
    • Fierce and Territorial. Did not trade wth Europeans.
    • Generally Feard.
    • Some group were cannibalistic.
    • Did not have much product to trade and very unfriendly.
  10. Coahuitecan Indians
    • Gulf Coastal Tribe.
    • Rigo Grande
    • Miserable Existence
    • Subsitence living...living to survive
    • Constantly moving to find locations where they can eat
    • Ate almost anything inlucing exrements
    • Have little social development
  11. Wichita Indians
    • North Cental Plain Indian
    • Living the North
    • Corss Timbers Region
    • Lived in Permanent Villages
    • Highly Organized
    • Resisted European incursion
    • A Matrial Culture
    • Active traders
    • Highly Territorial
  12. Wichita Indians, Essay:
    The Wichita Indians lived in the Cross timbers area. They have permanent villages and primarily resisted European Incursion. They are as strong and well organized group of people that they were even able to repel a Spanish incursion. They were well organized that the Spaniards even thought them to be the French. They are active traders.
  13. Tonkawa Indians
    • North Central Plains
    • Living in the Center of the State
    • Hill Country
    • Semi-Nomadic
    • Hunted Buffalo
    • Used Buffalo hide to trade with coastal and other tribes acorss the region
    • Small family groups (not as advance)
    • Engaged in trade by the time photos were taken this tribes were already incorporating European Clothing
  14. Tonkawa Indians, Essay:
    The Tonkawa Indians lived in the Hill country. They are a semi-nomadic group of people having some agriculture in which they hunted buffalo. They lived in small family groups and are involved in trading among other tribes across the region and by the time photos were available these group of people were already incorporating European clothing.
  15. High Plains Indians
    • Apache and the Comanche
    • Very similar
    • Nomadic
    • Hunts Buffalo
    • Semi-Agricultrual
    • Rudimentary Society
    • Often Rivals
    • Lived in similar areas and are very competitive
    • Effected by the regions thy lived in
    • Generally Feared
    • Many representations of them such paintings used in lithographs were not proper presentation of them
  16. High Plains Tribes. Essay.
    The High Plains Indians consisted of the Apache and the Comanche. These two group of people are very similar inmany ways. They are a Nomadic group ofpeople in which they hunted the buffalo. Though they lived in the Great American desertliving in a Very Arid and vast of Sea of Grass region in which they lackedrivers, they are a semi-agricultural group as well. Thesegroups of people lived in Rudimentary Society and are often rivals and aregenerally feared.
  17. Coahultecans Indians, Essay:
    The Coahultecans lived in the Rio Grande. These people lived a Subsistence existence due to the area’s unforgivable soil and must always be in the move. At times they even ate their own excrements. They had little societal development and lived a miserable existence.
  18. Jumano Indians
    • Lived in the Trans-Pecos Region
    • Lived in Adobe Houses
Card Set
Texas History
Test 1
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