Nursing 111 Unit 1.txt

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    • author "Maricar Tanner"
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    • description "Unit 1"
    • fileName "Nursing 111 Unit 1"
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    • 3 roles of a registed nurse
    • Provider of care
    • Manager of care
    • Member within discipline
  1. Define provider of care
    Use of nursing process to provide individualized plans of care
  2. Define Manager of Care
    Manage care of clients using consultation, collaboration and communucation with other healhcare members
  3. Define member within the discipline
    Practice within the scope of registered nursing, recognize resposibilities of an RN
  4. Name 7 tools for implementation of helping relationship
    • The nursing process
    • caring
    • communication
    • knowledge
    • teaching
    • critical thinking
    • technical skills
  5. What is the conceptual framework goal?
    To gain the highest level of wellness
  6. In a student-instructor relationship what is the student?
    Adult learner and novice nurse
  7. In a student-instructor relationship what is the instructor?
    • Expert learner
    • Facilitator
    • Expert nurse
    • Role model
  8. What are the tools for learning for the conceptual framework?
    • Negotiation
    • Guidance
    • Caring
    • Competencies
    • Support
    • Collaboration
    • Critical thinking
    • Cooperation
    • Sharing information
    • Demonstration of skills
  9. What is an adult learner?
    • A student whose learning is....
    • self-motivated
    • Affected by what is going on in their lives
    • Informed by the life experience
    • Self-directed by being part developing their own goals for learning
  10. Who is Florence Nightingale?
    • First defined nursing
    • Based on philosophy of nursing
    • First organized training school for nurses
  11. Who is Mary Mahoney
    First professional african-american nurse
  12. Who is Isabel Hampton Robb?
    Established the organization that became the american nurses association
  13. Who is Mary Adelaide Nutting
    First professor of nursing @ Columbia University Teachers College
  14. What is nursing affected by?
    • The health needs of our client
    • The availability of the skills and tools needed for nursing to address health needs
    • Social dymanics that affect how health and nursing are perceived n the general population
    • Political dynamics and how important health and nursing are in the eyes of those in power
  15. What is nursing?
    • An action that promotes health, conserves health,regains health....of the client
    • Regains the highest level of health possible by...diagnosing and treating the clients response which reduces suffering
    • Engages in advocacy for individual clients, families communities, whole populations, for changes in the clients situation or enviroment that promotes these goals
  16. what is health?
    Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
  17. What is illness?
    • When functioning in any realm of the whole person is decreased from what it has been in the past.
    • You may have a disease and not be ill
    • You may be ill and not have a disease
    • "Illness is the experience of the loss or dysfunction, whereas disease is the manifestation of an abnormality at the cellular, tissue or organ level"
  18. What is healthy people?
    • Report with objectives for health promotion and disease prevention
    • Re-evaluation happens every 10 years
    • Most recent is healthy peopl 2020
  19. Describe the Holistic Health Model
    • Nurses create a healing enviroment which see the
    • client as the expert on what promotes health for them
    • Body has natural healing ability
    • Includes alternative and complementary treatments
  20. How do changes in health behavior and how long does each change occur?
    • Precontemplation- no changes planned in the next 6 months
    • Contemplation- considering a change for the next 6 months
    • Preparation- making changes to promote change in aamonth
    • Action- making changes currently- may take 6 months
    • Maintenence- maintaining change from 6 months after action is taken indefinitely
  21. What affects health practices?
    Beliefs- internal and external
  22. Describe some internal variables
    • Developmental stage-age, cognitive ability
    • Intellectual background- perception of level of functioning, knowledge, education level
    • Emotional variables
    • Spiritual perceptions
  23. Describe some external variables
    • Family influence- perception about health and disease, habits in accessing health care
    • Socioeconomic- ability to pay for healthcare, stability of relationship, enviroment for occupation
    • Cultural background- communication about health care
  24. What is health promotion
    Activities that are focused on maintaining or improving current health- fitness and nutrition
  25. What is wellness education
    • Teaches self-care strategies so that they can control their own enviroment -
    • Ex. stress management, accountability for own behaviors, physical awareness
  26. What is illness prevention?
    • Prevents disease or from risk of disease
    • Ex. Immunizations, avoids declines in functioning
  27. What are 3 levels of prevention?
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Tertiary
  28. What is primary prevention
    • Intervenes before illness or damage occurs
    • Maintains health or prevents illness of general population
    • Provides protection for individuals at risk for a specific disease
  29. What is secondary prevention?
    • Individuals whose health is compromised or at risk for damage or worsening condition.
    • Focus is on screening for illness in at risk populations
    • Provides treatment in early stages of disease to prevent advanced stage
  30. What is tertiary prevention
    • Lessens disability and damage from long-term illness
    • Focus is on rehabilitation
    • Helps client increase functioning to the highest level possible despite disability
  31. What is self-care
    What the individual does for themselves to maintain and/or improve their health and well-being
  32. List 10 risk factors that lead to illness
    • Obesity
    • Injury
    • Genetic predisposition
    • Pregnancy
    • Old age
    • Air
    • Water
    • Soil
    • Habits
    • Stress
  33. What is Illness behavior?
    How people react to the ways in which their bodies work and to symptoms they experience
  34. What is critical thinking?
    • A dynamic process
    • Begins and ends with questioning
    • Requires seeking out knowledge
    • Requires applying experience
    • Requires discipline applied to thinking
    • Involves the use of professional standard
  35. What does critical thinking have to do with learning?
    Critical thinking ability increases as learning increases.
  36. What are the 3 levels/componentes to critical thinking?
    • Basic- concrete, standards based
    • Complex- analyze, recognize concurrent and possibly conflicting solutions
    • Commitment- accountability
  37. What does a critical thinker look like?
    • Confident
    • Independent
    • Responsible
    • Honest about personal bias
    • Not afraid of thinking outside of the box
    • Curious
    • Disciplined in methods and organized in thinking
  38. What do the decisions of a critical thinker look like?
    • Clear
    • Precise
    • Specific
    • Accurate
    • Plausible
    • Consistent
    • Logical
    • Fair
    • Unbiased
  39. Why is critical thinking essential in nursing?
    Decision-making in nursing must be accurate, effective, and based on evidence
  40. Why is caring important to us as nurses?
    • It allows us to see ourselves as worth taking care of so we can care for others
    • It allows us to see the person behind the illness
    • It requires us to engage and not disassociate from the client
  41. How does caring affect critical thinking?
    • It connects us to our clients
    • It motivates us to see situations from our clients perspective
    • It motivates us to perservere in seeking solutions for clients
  42. Identify 10 caring behaviors
    • Touching
    • Smiling
    • Eye contact
    • Active listening
    • Use of therapeutic techniques
    • Considerate of PT privacy
    • Provide motivation, guidance and encouragement
    • Be aware and knowledgeable of family dynamics
  43. Describe the conceptual framework
    It guides the planning, development, implementation, and evaluation of the curriculum
  44. What are the major concepts of the framework?
    Individual person, health, enviroment and nursing
  45. Define standards of practice
    Describe a competent level of nursing care
  46. What are the nursing processes? ADOPIE
    • Assessment
    • Diagnosis
    • Outcomes identification
    • Planning
    • Implementation
    • Evaluation
  47. What is the Nurse Practice Act?
    It regulates the scope of nursing practice and protects public health safety and welfare
  48. What is the scope of practice?
    To improve the health and well-being of all individuals, communities, and populations through the significant and visible contributions of registered nursing using standard-based practice
  49. Wellness-Illness continuum
    Awaress, education, growth leads to a high level of wellness
  50. Define critical thinking
    An active, organized cognitive process used to carefully examine ones thinking and the thinking of others
  51. What is body substance isolation?
    A practice of isolating all body substances (blood, feces, urine, tears, etc) undergoing medical treatment who might be infected with HIV, C diff or hepatitis
  52. What is Medical asepsis
    Clean technique- procedures used to reduce the number of organisms present and prevent the transfer of organisms
  53. What are the 6 parts of a chain of infection?
    • An infectious agent
    • Portal of exit
    • Mode of transmission
    • Portal of entry
    • Reservoir of growth
    • Susceptible host
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Nursing 111 Unit 1.txt
2012-02-20 19:27:57

Nurs 111
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