Nursing 111 Unit 1.txt
Card Set Information
Nursing 111 Unit 1.txt
author "Maricar Tanner"
description "Unit 1"
fileName "Nursing 111 Unit 1"
3 roles of a registed nurse
Provider of care
Manager of care
Member within discipline
Define provider of care
Use of nursing process to provide individualized plans of care
Define Manager of Care
Manage care of clients using consultation, collaboration and communucation with other healhcare members
Define member within the discipline
Practice within the scope of registered nursing, recognize resposibilities of an RN
Name 7 tools for implementation of helping relationship
The nursing process
What is the conceptual framework goal?
To gain the highest level of wellness
In a student-instructor relationship what is the student?
Adult learner and novice nurse
In a student-instructor relationship what is the instructor?
What are the tools for learning for the conceptual framework?
Demonstration of skills
What is an adult learner?
A student whose learning is....
Affected by what is going on in their lives
Informed by the life experience
Self-directed by being part developing their own goals for learning
Who is Florence Nightingale?
First defined nursing
Based on philosophy of nursing
First organized training school for nurses
Who is Mary Mahoney
First professional african-american nurse
Who is Isabel Hampton Robb?
Established the organization that became the american nurses association
Who is Mary Adelaide Nutting
First professor of nursing @ Columbia University Teachers College
What is nursing affected by?
The health needs of our client
The availability of the skills and tools needed for nursing to address health needs
Social dymanics that affect how health and nursing are perceived n the general population
Political dynamics and how important health and nursing are in the eyes of those in power
What is nursing?
An action that promotes health, conserves health,regains health....of the client
Regains the highest level of health possible by...diagnosing and treating the clients response which reduces suffering
Engages in advocacy for individual clients, families communities, whole populations, for changes in the clients situation or enviroment that promotes these goals
what is health?
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
What is illness?
When functioning in any realm of the whole person is decreased from what it has been in the past.
You may have a disease and not be ill
You may be ill and not have a disease
"Illness is the experience of the loss or dysfunction, whereas disease is the manifestation of an abnormality at the cellular, tissue or organ level"
What is healthy people?
Report with objectives for health promotion and disease prevention
Re-evaluation happens every 10 years
Most recent is healthy peopl 2020
Describe the Holistic Health Model
Nurses create a healing enviroment which see the
client as the expert on what promotes health for them
Body has natural healing ability
Includes alternative and complementary treatments
How do changes in health behavior and how long does each change occur?
Precontemplation- no changes planned in the next 6 months
Contemplation- considering a change for the next 6 months
Preparation- making changes to promote change in aamonth
Action- making changes currently- may take 6 months
Maintenence- maintaining change from 6 months after action is taken indefinitely
What affects health practices?
Beliefs- internal and external
Describe some internal variables
Developmental stage-age, cognitive ability
Intellectual background- perception of level of functioning, knowledge, education level
Describe some external variables
Family influence- perception about health and disease, habits in accessing health care
Socioeconomic- ability to pay for healthcare, stability of relationship, enviroment for occupation
Cultural background- communication about health care
What is health promotion
Activities that are focused on maintaining or improving current health- fitness and nutrition
What is wellness education
Teaches self-care strategies so that they can control their own enviroment -
Ex. stress management, accountability for own behaviors, physical awareness
What is illness prevention?
Prevents disease or from risk of disease
Ex. Immunizations, avoids declines in functioning
What are 3 levels of prevention?
What is primary prevention
Intervenes before illness or damage occurs
Maintains health or prevents illness of general population
Provides protection for individuals at risk for a specific disease
What is secondary prevention?
Individuals whose health is compromised or at risk for damage or worsening condition.
Focus is on screening for illness in at risk populations
Provides treatment in early stages of disease to prevent advanced stage
What is tertiary prevention
Lessens disability and damage from long-term illness
Focus is on rehabilitation
Helps client increase functioning to the highest level possible despite disability
What is self-care
What the individual does for themselves to maintain and/or improve their health and well-being
List 10 risk factors that lead to illness
What is Illness behavior?
How people react to the ways in which their bodies work and to symptoms they experience
What is critical thinking?
A dynamic process
Begins and ends with questioning
Requires seeking out knowledge
Requires applying experience
Requires discipline applied to thinking
Involves the use of professional standard
What does critical thinking have to do with learning?
Critical thinking ability increases as learning increases.
What are the 3 levels/componentes to critical thinking?
Basic- concrete, standards based
Complex- analyze, recognize concurrent and possibly conflicting solutions
What does a critical thinker look like?
Honest about personal bias
Not afraid of thinking outside of the box
Disciplined in methods and organized in thinking
What do the decisions of a critical thinker look like?
Why is critical thinking essential in nursing?
Decision-making in nursing must be accurate, effective, and based on evidence
Why is caring important to us as nurses?
It allows us to see ourselves as worth taking care of so we can care for others
It allows us to see the person behind the illness
It requires us to engage and not disassociate from the client
How does caring affect critical thinking?
It connects us to our clients
It motivates us to see situations from our clients perspective
It motivates us to perservere in seeking solutions for clients
Identify 10 caring behaviors
Use of therapeutic techniques
Considerate of PT privacy
Provide motivation, guidance and encouragement
Be aware and knowledgeable of family dynamics
Describe the conceptual framework
It guides the planning, development, implementation, and evaluation of the curriculum
What are the major concepts of the framework?
Individual person, health, enviroment and nursing
Define standards of practice
Describe a competent level of nursing care
What are the nursing processes? ADOPIE
What is the Nurse Practice Act?
It regulates the scope of nursing practice and protects public health safety and welfare
What is the scope of practice?
To improve the health and well-being of all individuals, communities, and populations through the significant and visible contributions of registered nursing using standard-based practice
Awaress, education, growth leads to a high level of wellness
Define critical thinking
An active, organized cognitive process used to carefully examine ones thinking and the thinking of others
What is body substance isolation?
A practice of isolating all body substances (blood, feces, urine, tears, etc) undergoing medical treatment who might be infected with HIV, C diff or hepatitis
What is Medical asepsis
Clean technique- procedures used to reduce the number of organisms present and prevent the transfer of organisms
What are the 6 parts of a chain of infection?
An infectious agent
Portal of exit
Mode of transmission
Portal of entry
Reservoir of growth