Nursing 111 Unit 1.txt
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- author "Maricar Tanner"
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- description "Unit 1"
- fileName "Nursing 111 Unit 1"
- freezingBlueDBID -1.0
- 3 roles of a registed nurse
- Provider of care
- Manager of care
- Member within discipline
Define provider of care
Use of nursing process to provide individualized plans of care
Define Manager of Care
Manage care of clients using consultation, collaboration and communucation with other healhcare members
Define member within the discipline
Practice within the scope of registered nursing, recognize resposibilities of an RN
Name 7 tools for implementation of helping relationship
- The nursing process
- critical thinking
- technical skills
What is the conceptual framework goal?
To gain the highest level of wellness
In a student-instructor relationship what is the student?
Adult learner and novice nurse
In a student-instructor relationship what is the instructor?
- Expert learner
- Expert nurse
- Role model
What are the tools for learning for the conceptual framework?
- Critical thinking
- Sharing information
- Demonstration of skills
What is an adult learner?
- A student whose learning is....
- Affected by what is going on in their lives
- Informed by the life experience
- Self-directed by being part developing their own goals for learning
Who is Florence Nightingale?
- First defined nursing
- Based on philosophy of nursing
- First organized training school for nurses
Who is Mary Mahoney
First professional african-american nurse
Who is Isabel Hampton Robb?
Established the organization that became the american nurses association
Who is Mary Adelaide Nutting
First professor of nursing @ Columbia University Teachers College
What is nursing affected by?
- The health needs of our client
- The availability of the skills and tools needed for nursing to address health needs
- Social dymanics that affect how health and nursing are perceived n the general population
- Political dynamics and how important health and nursing are in the eyes of those in power
What is nursing?
- An action that promotes health, conserves health,regains health....of the client
- Regains the highest level of health possible by...diagnosing and treating the clients response which reduces suffering
- Engages in advocacy for individual clients, families communities, whole populations, for changes in the clients situation or enviroment that promotes these goals
what is health?
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
What is illness?
- When functioning in any realm of the whole person is decreased from what it has been in the past.
- You may have a disease and not be ill
- You may be ill and not have a disease
- "Illness is the experience of the loss or dysfunction, whereas disease is the manifestation of an abnormality at the cellular, tissue or organ level"
What is healthy people?
- Report with objectives for health promotion and disease prevention
- Re-evaluation happens every 10 years
- Most recent is healthy peopl 2020
Describe the Holistic Health Model
- Nurses create a healing enviroment which see the
- client as the expert on what promotes health for them
- Body has natural healing ability
- Includes alternative and complementary treatments
How do changes in health behavior and how long does each change occur?
- Precontemplation- no changes planned in the next 6 months
- Contemplation- considering a change for the next 6 months
- Preparation- making changes to promote change in aamonth
- Action- making changes currently- may take 6 months
- Maintenence- maintaining change from 6 months after action is taken indefinitely
What affects health practices?
Beliefs- internal and external
Describe some internal variables
- Developmental stage-age, cognitive ability
- Intellectual background- perception of level of functioning, knowledge, education level
- Emotional variables
- Spiritual perceptions
Describe some external variables
- Family influence- perception about health and disease, habits in accessing health care
- Socioeconomic- ability to pay for healthcare, stability of relationship, enviroment for occupation
- Cultural background- communication about health care
What is health promotion
Activities that are focused on maintaining or improving current health- fitness and nutrition
What is wellness education
- Teaches self-care strategies so that they can control their own enviroment -
- Ex. stress management, accountability for own behaviors, physical awareness
What is illness prevention?
- Prevents disease or from risk of disease
- Ex. Immunizations, avoids declines in functioning
What are 3 levels of prevention?
What is primary prevention
- Intervenes before illness or damage occurs
- Maintains health or prevents illness of general population
- Provides protection for individuals at risk for a specific disease
What is secondary prevention?
- Individuals whose health is compromised or at risk for damage or worsening condition.
- Focus is on screening for illness in at risk populations
- Provides treatment in early stages of disease to prevent advanced stage
What is tertiary prevention
- Lessens disability and damage from long-term illness
- Focus is on rehabilitation
- Helps client increase functioning to the highest level possible despite disability
What is self-care
What the individual does for themselves to maintain and/or improve their health and well-being
List 10 risk factors that lead to illness
- Genetic predisposition
- Old age
What is Illness behavior?
How people react to the ways in which their bodies work and to symptoms they experience
What is critical thinking?
- A dynamic process
- Begins and ends with questioning
- Requires seeking out knowledge
- Requires applying experience
- Requires discipline applied to thinking
- Involves the use of professional standard
What does critical thinking have to do with learning?
Critical thinking ability increases as learning increases.
What are the 3 levels/componentes to critical thinking?
- Basic- concrete, standards based
- Complex- analyze, recognize concurrent and possibly conflicting solutions
- Commitment- accountability
What does a critical thinker look like?
- Honest about personal bias
- Not afraid of thinking outside of the box
- Disciplined in methods and organized in thinking
What do the decisions of a critical thinker look like?
Why is critical thinking essential in nursing?
Decision-making in nursing must be accurate, effective, and based on evidence
Why is caring important to us as nurses?
- It allows us to see ourselves as worth taking care of so we can care for others
- It allows us to see the person behind the illness
- It requires us to engage and not disassociate from the client
How does caring affect critical thinking?
- It connects us to our clients
- It motivates us to see situations from our clients perspective
- It motivates us to perservere in seeking solutions for clients
Identify 10 caring behaviors
- Eye contact
- Active listening
- Use of therapeutic techniques
- Considerate of PT privacy
- Provide motivation, guidance and encouragement
- Be aware and knowledgeable of family dynamics
Describe the conceptual framework
It guides the planning, development, implementation, and evaluation of the curriculum
What are the major concepts of the framework?
Individual person, health, enviroment and nursing
Define standards of practice
Describe a competent level of nursing care
What are the nursing processes? ADOPIE
- Outcomes identification
What is the Nurse Practice Act?
It regulates the scope of nursing practice and protects public health safety and welfare
What is the scope of practice?
To improve the health and well-being of all individuals, communities, and populations through the significant and visible contributions of registered nursing using standard-based practice
Awaress, education, growth leads to a high level of wellness
Define critical thinking
An active, organized cognitive process used to carefully examine ones thinking and the thinking of others
What is body substance isolation?
A practice of isolating all body substances (blood, feces, urine, tears, etc) undergoing medical treatment who might be infected with HIV, C diff or hepatitis
What is Medical asepsis
Clean technique- procedures used to reduce the number of organisms present and prevent the transfer of organisms
What are the 6 parts of a chain of infection?
- An infectious agent
- Portal of exit
- Mode of transmission
- Portal of entry
- Reservoir of growth
- Susceptible host
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