Anatomy

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Author:
leti5637
ID:
136511
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2012-02-20 16:10:11
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Exam
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Description:
Test 1
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  1. What do tendons connect?
    Muscle to bone
  2. What do ligaments connect
    Bone to bone
  3. Loose connective tissue
    3 types
    • Arrolar
    • Adipose
    • Reticular
  4. Function: Areolar Tissue
    • Cushion organs
    • Provide support
    • Permits movement
  5. Functions: Reticular Tissue
    Found in:
    • Supporting framework
    • -Liver
    • -Kidney
    • -Spleen
    • -Lymph nodes
    • -Bone marrow
  6. Synostosis
    Bone attached to bone
  7. Fetal Skull # of bones
    • 4 Occipital
    • Multiple sphenoid
    • Multiple Temporal
  8. Bony Pelvis =
    2 coxal bones + Sacrum
  9. Female pelvis =
    Short and wide
  10. Male Pelvis =
    Tall and narrow
  11. Lordosis
    • Exaggerated Lumbar curve
    • (Swayback)
  12. Kyphosis
    Exaggerated Thoracic Currve
  13. Scoliosis
    Lumbar or thoracic curve
  14. Atlas (C1) Connects to
    Occipital condyles
  15. Axis (c2)
    Modified body- Dens
  16. Cervical vertebrae=
    • First two rings
    • Atlas
    • Axis
  17. Thoracic Vertebrae
    • Giraffe look
    • All articulate w ribs:
    • Rounded foramen, heart shaped bodies
  18. Lumbar Vertebrae
    • Mousse look
    • Weight bearing- Chunky
    • Triangulsr foramen
    • Oval shaped body
    • SPINAL CORD ENDS AT 12
  19. Sacrum
    • 5 fused vertebrae
    • No spinal cord in sacral canal
  20. Coccyx
    • 3-5 fused vertebrae
    • Start fusion by mid 20's
    • Complete by late adulthood.
  21. Bursae
    Ex. Elbow, Shoulder
    • Small sacs filled w synovial membrane and filled w synovial fluid .
    • Cushions between bone muscle and tendons.
    • Allows muscle movement
  22. Tendon Sheath
    • Synoviaal fluid filled tubular sac wrapped around cord like tendons.
    • Cushions tendon when rubbing against bone, muscle, or other tendons.
    • PROTECTIVE LAYER FOR TENDON.
  23. Menisci
    • Fibrocartilage disc
    • Between bones
    • Create stability
    • Prevent anterior and posterior slipage
  24. Fat Pad
    Pad located around joints for protection & cushion
  25. Functional Joints
    SYNarthrosis Joints
    No movement
  26. Functional Joints
    AMPHI
    arthrosis Joints
    Little movement
  27. Functional Joints
    DIarthrosis Joints
    Variable movement
  28. Functional Joints of body
    Movement between two bones
  29. Fibrous Joints
    Connected by Fibers
  30. Cartilaginous Joints
    Connected by cartilage
  31. Synovial Joints
    Connected by joint cavity
  32. Synovial Joint
    • Most common joint
    • Joint cavity fluid filled connecting 2 bones
    • Synovial fluid fills up cavity
    • DIarthrosis
  33. DIarthrosis Joints= Functional Joints
    • Nonaxial
    • Unaxial
    • Biaxial
    • Triaxial
  34. Nonaxial
    No plane movement
  35. Unaxial
    • one plane of movement
    • Sagital plane
    • - Horizontal Plane
  36. Biaxial
    • 2 planes of movement
    • -
  37. Triaxial
    • 3 planes of movement
    • -Sagital+ Coronal+ Horizontal
  38. Synovial Structural Joints
    • Nonaxial
    • Unaxial-Hinge , pivot
    • Biaxial- Sadle, condyloid
    • Triaxial- Ball and socket
  39. Synovial Structural Joints
    Unaxial
    • Hinge
    • Pivot
  40. Synovial Structural Joints
    Biaxial
    • condyloid
    • Saddle
  41. Synovial Structural Joints
    Triaxial
    Ball and socket
  42. Non Synoviak Joints
    Fibrous JOints
    • Sutural Joints
    • Syndesmosis Joints
    • Gomphosis Joints
    • Synchondrosis Joints
    • Symphisis Joints
  43. Sutural Joints
    • Short fibers connect bones
    • No movement

    Exception of mandibular ossicles
  44. Syndesmosis Joints
    • Connect Tibia-Fibula
    • Radius-Ulna
    • Longer fibers connect bones
    • Allow little movement.
  45. Gomphosis Joints
    • Short fibers connect teeth to jaw. (alveolus)
    • Tiny fibers w/ in teeth sockets
    • No movement allowe. Synarthrosis
    • ONLY FOUND IN MANDIBLE
  46. Syschondrosis Joints
    • Bones held together by Hyaline Cartilage
    • No movement allowed: Synarthrosis
    • Seen in rib #1 And Sternum only. (ephysyleal plate)
  47. Sysphisis Joints
    • Fibrocartilage connects bones
    • Little movement allowed. (amphiarthrosis)
    • Found on weight bearing joints
    • -Intervertebral discs; pubic symphisis.

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