Comps Review

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Comps Review
2012-02-20 17:59:37
Developmental Disorders

Developmental Disorders Questions
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  1. What report is a good indicator of language ability
    a parent report
  2. a developmental language disorder that can affect both expressive and receptive language. considered a pure language impairment bc it is not related to or caused by other developmental disorders (ie hearing loss or acquired brain injury(
    SLI- Specific Language Impairment
  3. developmental language disorder where verb morphology is the most challenging deficit. Typically use GAP (general all purpose) verbs.
  4. A genetic condition involving changes in part of the X chromosone.
    Fragile X
  5. Developmental language disorder considered leading most common form of inherited mental retardation
    Fragile X
  6. Developmental disordered characterized with large ears, long face, prominent jaw, decreased sociability, abnormal response to sensory stimulation and social avoidance
    Fragile X
  7. Developmental disorder characterized as a leading genetic cause of mental retardation
    down syndrome
  8. Developmental disorder characterized as a genetic condition in which person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46.
    down syndrome
  9. Developmental disorder with strengths that include very social, vocabulary better then syntax & morphology, good visual spatial skills, pick up on gestures and great story tellers.
    down syndrome
  10. Developmental disorder with weaknesses in auditory short term memory, IQ of 50, risk of early onset dementia due to cognitive decline, reduced intelligibility, reduced comprehension, poor voc/weak morphosyntactic development
    down syndrome
  11. a neurobehavioral syndrome identified by a falure to develop normal verbal and noverbal communication skills and reduced responsiveness to others within the environment
  12. Prevelance of Autism is :
    1 in 166 children
  13. Ratio of autism in boys vs girls
  14. Disorder with deficits in social interaction and communication, stereotypical patterns of behavior, and echolalia
  15. disorder with above average IQ, obsessive interests, impaired nonverbal communication, no delay in cognitive language
  16. Disorder caused by a micro-deletion of 12 genes on chromosome 7. Distinct facial features, low IQ, very social, w good morphosyntax
    Williams Syndrome
  17. Disorder characterized as most common learning disorder affecting children
  18. Disorder w comorbidity w ADHD
  19. Disorder characterized with good memory, sight recognition and normal IQ, but difficulty with decoding, word recognition and attaching meaning to words
  20. What activates relevant info from long term memory making it accessable to the short term memory
    working memory
  21. meaning based approach (reading to get the gist)
    Top Down Approach
  22. Approach used for decoding
    Bottom up approach
  23. How do you measure morphosyntax
    By MLU
  24. Disorder with delayed morphosyntax. Verb morphology is most challenging & most studied deficit. Use of GAP verbs
  25. Disorder with delayed morphosyntax. Articulation deficits may make it difficlut to produce consonant clusters that form many morphosyntactic endings
    Down Syndrome
  26. Disorder with morphosyntax consistent w IQ. Use of simple sentences
    Fragile X
  27. Disorder with delayed morphosyntax, initial delay but catches up by age 5. Difficulty with irregular morphomes, over-generalizes
    Williams Syndrome
  28. Disorder with relatively good morphosyntax, due to working memory.
    Autism & Aspergers
  29. Symptom of Tourette Syndrome, Aspergers & Autism where repetition or echoing of one's own spoken words are found. May sound like stuttering. It is a complex tic, like echolalia & copralalia
  30. condition often found in autistic children & catatonic schizophrenics, where indiv demonstrate a repetition of other's words, either immediately or delayed for hours or days.
  31. An auditory processing skill, relating to words but in the absence of print. Deals w the processes involved in the ability to mentally manipulate phonological aspects of language such as word rhyming, word segmentation, and syllabication. Difficulty rhyming words or knowing that c-a-t means cat
    Phonological processing
  32. Deficits in phonemic awareness, orthographic processing, rapid serial naming, phonological and verbal memory and fluency are known as what type of deficit
    processing deficits
  33. Children acquire nouns or verbs readily? And why?
    Nouns! Because they are more concrete, less complex then verbs and produced more by adults
  34. a hypothesized mental process whereby a new concept can be learned (or a new hypothesis formed) based only on a single exposure to a give unit of information
    fast mapping
  35. At what age does an infant perceive differences between sounds
    1 month
  36. At what month does word recognition occur
    4-5 months
  37. At what month does canonical babbling begin
    around 7 months (HI population late onset of babbling typically at 11-25 months)
  38. At what month does categorization occur
    7-8 months
  39. At what month does a preference for novel words occur
    9-10 months
  40. At what age are single words produced
    12 months
  41. At what age are most sounds produce accurately
    5-6 years
  42. At what age is phonological system most like adult
    10-12 years
  43. Dynamic assessment does what
    test, teach, retest
  44. the study of word structure. It describes how words are formed out of more basic elements of language called morphemes (word structure)
  45. the smallest meaningful unit of a language.
  46. is the study of sentence structure. A collection of rules that specify the ways and order in which words may be combined to form sentences in a particular language. The basic meaning of this word means to join, to put together (sentence structure)
  47. is the study of word meaning in a language. It involves a person's voc or lexicon. (word meaning)
  48. This refers to children's ability to learn a new word on the basis of just a few exposure to it. Normal developing chldn use this technique to reapidly expand their vocabularies
    fast mapping aka quick incidental learning
  49. is the study of rules that govern the use of language in social situations. Here greater focus is places on language use (how, where, when and with whom language is used) or function ( its purpose or goal) rather then language structure. (social skills of language)
  50. production of variegated babbling occurs at what age (mabamaba)
    9 months
  51. At what age does object permanence begin
    7-9 months
  52. at what age does marginal babbling occur (baba)
    4-6 months
  53. Behavioral scientist believe that language is learned based on the child's exposure to it and that sever social deprivation results in language deprivation. Name this scientist
  54. Nativists theory state that children are born with a language acquistion device (LAD) or born with the ability to learn language and is not learned through environmental stimulation, reinforcement or teaching. Name this scientist
  55. Which involves the ability to use narrative and to use appropriate cohesion:
    A. syntax
    B. semantics
    C. pragmatics
    D. morphology
    C. pragmatics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Described as a variation of the cognitive theory, it states that children must first acquie concepts before producing words. Believe language development is dependent on cognitive developement. Name the scientist
  57. Name the four stages of cognitive development
    • Sensorimotor (0-2 years)
    • Preoperational (4-7 years)= egocentric
    • Concrete operations (7-11)=less egocentric
    • Formal operations (11+)= no egocentricity able to see others point of view