Poetry terms

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Author:
stjohnshelp
ID:
136544
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Poetry terms
Updated:
2012-02-20 17:27:03
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poetry terminology
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These terms are designed to help grade 8 students learn their poetry terms
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  1. What is Alliteration
    žthe repetition of initial consonant sounds

    For example:

    From “What Was Left of James Dean”:

    • “all three guys (not used
    • to this kind of work) climbed into
    • the cab with a collective sigh”

    And later in the poem…

    “…he hung horizontal…”
  2. What is Assonance?
    žthe close repetition of similar vowel sounds, usually in stressed syllables

    For example:

    • "Old age should burn and rave at close of day;Rage, rage, against the dying of the light." -Dylan Thomas, "Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night“
    • OR

    "too cool for school"
  3. What is Consonance?
    žthe close repetition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowels

    For example:

    A stoke of luck
  4. What is Hyperbole?
    ža figure of speech in which emphasis is achieved by deliberate exaggeration

    For example:

    • žI am so hungry I could eat a hundred hamburgers
    • OR
    • žmy backpack weighs a ton!
  5. What is imagery?
    • Imagery evokes the FIVE senses
    • žtouch, taste, smell, see, and hear

    the language descriptively represents things, actions, or even abstract ideas


    For example:

    From “The Willow Tree”

    • “He sank beneath the icy waves,
    • He sank down into the sea”
  6. What is Metaphor?
    • žwhen one thing is compared to another, WITHOUT using ‘like’ or ‘as’

    For example:

    “life is a highway”

    the reader knows that life is not a highway, yet life can be a “bumpy ride
  7. What is Meter?
    žthe recurrence of a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables


    For example:

    From: “The Willow Tree”

    “There was a youth, a cruel youth, Who lived beside the sea, Six little maidens he drowned there By the lonely willow tree.”
  8. What is onomatopoeia?
    žwhen the words pronounced roughly imitate the sounds associated with what is being described in the poem


    • For example
    • žthe door closed with a bang
  9. What is Oxymoron?
    žwhen two terms which contradict each other are put together for humorous or poetic effect

    For example:

    jumbo shrimp
  10. What is personification?
    žassigning human qualities to inanimate objects


    For example:

    the palm trees waltzed in the breeze
  11. What is repetition?
    žrepeating of words, phrases, lines or stanzas


    For Example:

    • From “Highwayman”
    • “When the road was a gypsy's ribbonlooping the purple moora redcoat troop came marchingmarching, marching,King George's men came marchingup to the old inn door.”
  12. What is Rhyme?
    • žthe similarity of ending sounds between two words

    For example:

    • From “Eleanor Rigby”
    • “Eleanor Rigby picks up the rice in the church where a wedding has beenLives in a dreamWaits at the window, wearing a face that she keeps in a jar by the doorWho is it for?”
  13. What is rhyme scheme?
    žthe sequence in which the rhyme occurs

    the first end sound is represented as the letter ‘a’, the second ‘b’, etc.


    For Example:

    From “The Willow Tree”

    There was a youth, a cruel youth,Who lived beside the sea,Six little maidens he drowned thereBy the lonely willow tree.As he walked o'er with Sally Brown,As he walked o'er with she,And evil thought came to him there,By the lonely willow tree.
  14. What is Similie?
    ždirect comparison of two unlike objects using the words “like” or “as”



    For example

    From “The Nutcracker”

    • “he hung horizontal at
    • seventy miles per hour,
    • loud mouth a cave, toes pointed
    • like a dancer’s.”
  15. What is symbolism?
    žusing an image to represent an idea or belief


    ¡names, objects, or actions can be symbolic


    For example:

    spring can represent birth

    autumn can represent death

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