O-Chem Test 1

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  1. Sigma Bonds
    σ bonds form from the head-to-head overlap of atomic (unhybridized) and/or hybrid orbitals

    Example: s–p overlap in HCl

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  2. Pi bonds
    π bonds form by the sideways overlap of p and/or d orbitals Example: p–p overlap

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  3. how many sigma/pi bonds do
    single
    double
    triple bonds have?
    • Single bond: contains 1 σ bond
    • Double bond: contain 1 σ bond and 1 π bond
    • Triple bond: contain 1 σ bond and 2 π bonds
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  5. hydrocarbon
    Contains only Carbon and Hydrogen
  6. saturated hydrocarbon
    All C's have maximum # of H's
  7. carbocycle
    Ring only made of only C
  8. heterocycle
    • Ring including atoms other than C in the ring
    • (usually N or O)
  9. which of the following is the most polar bond?
    C-C
    C-N
    C-O
    C-F
    C-H
    C-F
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    cis-trans isomers
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    • structural isomers
    • (different bond patterns)
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    confermational isomers
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    structural isomers
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    not related.
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    identical isomers
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    1-iodobutane
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    2-chloropropane
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    5-bromo-4,4-dichloro-3-methyloctane
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    2-chloro-1,3-difluorocycloheptane
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    cis-1,2-dibromocyclopentane
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    trans-1,2-dibromocyclohexane
  22. 1,1,1-trichloropropane
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  23. 4-ethyl 1-2, 2-dimethylhexane
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  24. 3-chloro-3-ethyl-2-methylhexane
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  25. 2,3-dimethylbutane
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  26. terti-butylcyclohexane
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    • or
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Author
ID
136554
Card Set
O-Chem Test 1
Description
Chapters 1&2
Updated
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