Expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker.
What are five kinds of poetry?
What is a didactic poem?
One that is written to teach a body of knowledge
What is a dramatic poem?
A poem written in the voice of an imaginary character speaking directly without any additional narration by the author.
What is the difference between a paraphrase and a summary?
A summary is more brief than a paraphrase.
What is tone?
It conveys an attitude toward the person addressed. Tone isn't the actual attitude; it's whatever in the poem makes an attitude clear to us: the choice of certain words...
What is satiric poetry?
a kind of comic poetry that generally conveys a message
what is a persona?
a fictitious character
What is verbal irony?
When words say one thing but mean something else
ex. "I just love to stay home and do my hair on saturday night!"
What is sarcasm?
A style of bitter irony intended to hurt or mock its target
What is dramatic irony?
A situation in which the larger implications of character's words, actions or situation are unrealized by that character but seen by the author and the reader or audience.
What is cosmic irony (irony of fate)?
The contrast between a character's position or aspiration and the treatment he or she receives at the hands of seemingly hostile fate.
What is diction?
What is an allusion?
A brief sometimes indirect reference in a text to a person place or thing. Allusions imply a common body of knowledge between reader and writer and act as literary shorthand to enrich the meaning of a text
What are the five levels of diction?
2. colloquial english
3. general english
4. formal english
What is image?
a word or series of words that refer to any sensory experience (sight, smell, etc.) An image is a direct or literal recreation of physical experience and adds immediacy to literary language.
Two different metaphors?
implied and mixed
what is an apostrophe?
the endowing of a thing animal or abstract term with human characteristics.
Ex: O Moon
What is a hyperbole?
What is metonymy?
figure of speech in which that name of thing is substituted for that of another closely associated with it. "The White House decided" aka the President
What is synecdoche?
the use of a significant part of a thing to stand for the whole of it. Saying wheels for cars.
What are two kinds of ballads?
folk: narrative songs
literary: meant for singing but written by a sophisticated poet
What is a ballad stanza?
a, b, c, b,
or a, b, a, b,
What are two types of alliteration?
initial: cool cats
internal: I met a traveller in an antique land.
Two types of assonance?
Repetition of two or more vowel sounds in successive words which create time.
initial: all the awful auguries
internal: white lilacs
What is cacophony?
a harsh discordant sound often mirroring the meaning of context in which it was used
What is euphony?
the harmonious effect when the sounds of the words connect with the meaning in a way pleasing to the ear
What is eye rhyme?
a false rhyme in which the spelling of the words is alike, but the pronunciations differ (laughter and daughter)
What is consonance?
examples raisin and reason, milk and monk,
Five things to remember at the literary level?
5. Plot: occasion
What are kinds of lyric poetry?
aubade: a lover's morning farewell
epigram: a short and witty commentary
epistle: an informal lyric written to a friend
epithalamium: a lyric celebrating a marriage
pastoral: a lyric about love in a rural, idyllic setting
ode: a formal ceremonial
What is a tenor?
the thing meant, carried by the vehicle
What is anithetical phrasing?
sets up a contrast
What is syntax?
Breaking the natural order of syntax (word structure).
"I go out" "Out, I go"
What is an epigraph?
An epigraph is a brief bit of text, usually borrowed from another writer, found before a poem, but after the title.
What is an epigram?
An epigram is a short, pithy saying, usually in verse, often with a quick, satirical twist at the end.
In poetry, the omission of words whose absence does not impede the reader’s ability to understand the expression. For example, Shakespeare makes frequent use of the phrase “I will away” in his plays, with the missing verb understood to be “go.” T.S. Eliot employs ellipsis in the following passage from “Preludes”:
You curled the papers from your hair,
Or clasped the yellow soles of feet
In the palms of both soiled hands.
what is transferred epithat
A transferred epithet often involves shifting a modifier from the animate to the inanimate, as in the phrases "cheerful money," "sleepless night," and "suicidal sky."
What's a petrarch sonnet?
What's a Shakespearean Sonnet?
What is a dactyl?
/ U U
What is an anapest?
U U /
What is short meter?
Iambic trimeter quatrain with one iambic tetrameter line with one iambic tetrameter line.
What is common or hymn meter?
iambic quatrains that alternate tetrameter and trimeter lines rhymed a4 b3 a4 b3
What is ballad stanza?
only lines 2 and 4 rhyme
What is long meter?
Tetrameter quatrains rhyming abab or abcb
What is blank verse?
unrhymed iambic pentameter.
What is a pyrrhic?
2 successive unstressed or lightly stressed syllables.