OT 12 Diseases

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  1. paroxysm
    marked, sudden onset of symptomatic sharp pain or convulsion
  2. sputum
    expectorated (spit out) matter, usually contains mucus or sometimes pus
  3. cor pulmonale
    disease of the right side of the ehart that is caused by a chronic lung disease, such as emphysema
  4. coryza
    common viral head cold
  5. croup
    respiratory condition of infants and young children. usually triggered by a viral upper respiratory infection. causes swelling of the larynx and produces a characteristic barking cough
  6. emphysema
    chronic lung disease characterized by distended alveoli and damaged respiratory membrane. symptoms include dyspnea, a barrel chest due to labored breathing, and gradual deterioration due to chronic progressive hypoxemia
  7. pertussis
    • acute infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the larynx, trachea, ad bronchi.
    • also known as whooping cough
  8. pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
    pneumonia caused by the fungus P Carinni, a common opportunistic disease in patients with AIDS
  9. severe acute respiratory syndrome
    a severe, rapid onset viral infection resulting in respiratory distress that includes lung inflammation, alveolar damage, and atelectasis
  10. aspiration
    removal of fluid with suction
  11. auscultation
    physical examination, often with the aid of a stethoscope, for listening to sounds within the body
  12. acid fast bacilli smeal
    • clinical test performed on sputum to identify the presence of bacteria that react to acid, which includes Mycobacterium tubercolosis
    • bronchiodilation
  13. bronchiodilation
    use of a bronchodilating agent to relax the smooth muscles of the airways and stop the bronchial constriction allowing the patient to breathe easier
  14. expectorant
    drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing to remove it
  15. inscentive spirometry
    breathing therapy in which a portable spirometer is used by a patient to assist in deep breathing exercises
  16. magnetic resonance imaging
    noninvasive diagnostic image of the body with the use of magnetic fields and computer imaging equipment
  17. mechanical ventilation
    technique used by a respiratory therapist to provide assisted breathing with the use of a ventilator
  18. nebulizer
    device used to convert a liquid medication to a mist and deliver it to the lungs with the aid of a deep inhalation
  19. resusication
    to revive, to bring back to life or conscousness
  20. ventilation perfusion scanning
    diagnostic tool of nuclear medicine that is used to evaluate pulmonary function
  21. paranasal sinuses
    series of membrane lined chambers within the frontal bone and maxillary bones that connect with the nasal cavity
  22. visceral pleura
    serous membrane that forms the outer surface of the lungs
  23. parietal pleura
    serous membrane attached to the inner thorax wall
  24. inspiration
    process of drawing air into the lungs- inhaling
  25. paroxysm
    marked, sudden onset of symptomatic sharp pain or convulsionn
  26. tachypnea
    rapid breathing
  27. asphyxia
    • absence of respiratory ventilation
    • suffocation
  28. atelectasis
    • absense of gas in lungs due to a failure of alveolar expansion
    • collapsed lung
  29. bronchopneumonia
    acute inflammation of the smaller bronchial tubes, bronchioles, and alveoli
  30. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    group of disorders associated with the obstruction of bronchial airflow
  31. coccidoidomycosis
    fungal infection of the upper respiratory tract and lungs that often spreads to the other organs
  32. cystic fibrosis
    hereditary disease characterized by excess musuc production in the respiratory tract and elsewhere
  33. legionellosis
    form of pneumonia caused by bacterium Legionella pneumophilia
  34. obstructive sleep apnea
    collapse of the pharynx during sleep
  35. pleural effusion
    escape of fluid into the pleural cavity during inflammation- results in compression of the underlying part of the affected lung
  36. pneumothorax
    presence of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse
  37. pulmonary embolism
    blockage in the pulmonary circulation caused by a moving blood clot
  38. pulmonary neoplasm
    tumor of the lung
  39. endotracheal intubation
    insertion of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway
  40. pulmonary angiofraphy
    x ray of the blood vessels of the lungs following injection of a contrast medium in an effort to detect pulmonary emboli
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OT 12 Diseases
OT 12 Diseases
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