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What are the deadly dozen chest injuries?
1. Airway Obstruction
2. Bronchial disruption
3. Diaphrammatic tear
4. Esophageal injury
5. Open pneumothorax
6. Tension pneumothorax
7. Massive hemothorax
8. Flail chest
9. Cardiac tamponade
10. Thoracic aortic dissection
11. Myocardial contusion
12. Pulmonary contusion
What is an open pneumothorax?
Generally from a penetrating wound, also called a sucking chest wound?
What is a spontaneous pneumothorax?
When a weak area ruptures spontaneously, generally happens with athletes. The weak are is called a "bleb."
What is a tension pneumothorax?
Generally caused by blunt injury to the chest.
What are the common signs and symptoms of a tension pneumothorax?
1. Increasing respiratory distress
2. Alter level of consciousness
3. Distended neck veins
4. Deviation of the trachea to the opposite side of the tension pneumothorax.
6. Low blood pressure
8. Decreased breath sounds on the side of the tension pneumothorax.
What is a hemothorax?
It is when blood collects in the pleural space around the rib cage from a lung or great vessel.
What is cardiac tamonade?
When the pericardium (the pericardial sac) around the heart fills with blood or fluid.