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What are the deadly dozen chest injuries?
- 1. Airway Obstruction
- 2. Bronchial disruption
- 3. Diaphrammatic tear
- 4. Esophageal injury
- 5. Open pneumothorax
- 6. Tension pneumothorax
- 7. Massive hemothorax
- 8. Flail chest
- 9. Cardiac tamponade
- 10. Thoracic aortic dissection
- 11. Myocardial contusion
- 12. Pulmonary contusion
What is an open pneumothorax?
Generally from a penetrating wound, also called a sucking chest wound?
What is a spontaneous pneumothorax?
When a weak area ruptures spontaneously, generally happens with athletes. The weak are is called a "bleb."
What is a tension pneumothorax?
Generally caused by blunt injury to the chest.
What are the common signs and symptoms of a tension pneumothorax?
- 1. Increasing respiratory distress
- 2. Alter level of consciousness
- 3. Distended neck veins
- 4. Deviation of the trachea to the opposite side of the tension pneumothorax.
- 5. Tachycardia
- 6. Low blood pressure
- 7. Cyanosis
- 8. Decreased breath sounds on the side of the tension pneumothorax.
What is a hemothorax?
It is when blood collects in the pleural space around the rib cage from a lung or great vessel.
What is cardiac tamonade?
When the pericardium (the pericardial sac) around the heart fills with blood or fluid.
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