Card Set Information

2012-02-21 00:24:23

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  1. Why did Locke stress so much about property?
    Property was the sphere that prevented government from intruding
  2. What is true religion for Locke?
    regulate men's lives in accordance with virtue and piety
  3. What are Locke's views on religion?
    Moral tool; helpful to degree it enforces morality and peace; can be tolerated as long as it does not dominate the state. Used to maintain social order
  4. What is orthodox?
    right belief; Locke believed that we are orthodox to ourselves. This denies the existence of truth and possibility of religius truth
  5. Why can we not trust the athesists and catholics?
    They cannot swear to tell the truth; don't have ground to proclaim the truth becasue their devotion is to the pope or to no one.
  6. what is the job of the magistrate according to Locke?
    protect civil interests (life, liberty, health and indolency of body aka pampering oneself.
  7. How does freedom differ for the Ancients and the locke?
    For Locke, freedom is freedom to satify one's material desires, freedom from anything that gets in the way of individual pleasures. For the ancients it is freedom for higher things.
  8. What does toleration mean for Locke?
    Toleration allows one to not have to take a stand since one does not have the capacity to say what is right or wrong; we are all orthodox to ourselves. Reason has no capacity to judge.
  9. How does Locke define Church?
    A voluntary society gathered for peity and salvation, an act of human will
  10. How does Lumen Gentium define Church?
    more than just about moral life; question of salvation and love. God calls us to be in communion with Church. Church in Christ is sacramental, it is a mystery: too much intelligibility that can be grasped at one moment; what we have at any moment is only part of it.
  11. What is the Church analogous to in the Lumen Gentium? How did the Church start?
    Analogous to the mystery of incarnation: human and divine (men gathered to worship; Holy Spirit watches over the Church. Church started with Christ preaching and claling poeople to gather onto himself. Church cannot be deduced to what Locke says.
  12. How are men equal in Locke's view?
    Equal in ability to judge and punish
  13. What is the purpose of civil socety?
    to ensure civil interests
  14. What are Locke's ideals?
    Law of self-preservation as well as concern for others to the degree that it will benefit you in the long run
  15. What is the state of war for Locke?
    When someone impose a power on you or when your property is threatened.
  16. What does Locke believe about men?
    Men are not inherenetly social.
  17. What is the first thing that men own?
    Their bodies. Everything starts off under the rubric of ownershp and property (it's mine body to do whatever I want with it)
  18. What is the state of nature for Locke?
    Everyone own everything in common; we start out with a state that is celibrious. We begin to labor, picking apples from the apple tree. State of nature is where the apple tree is there. Everything we hold in common is without value.
  19. What is the Law of Spoilage?
    Take only what you need
  20. How does the invention of money prevent the law of spoilage? lead to state of war?
    allow one to buy more than he needs. In this way, it removes the law of spoilage, get whatever we want whether we need it or not, there is no barrier to our wants, releasing our appetites. The more he buys, less for others who really need it. This leads to conflict.
  21. Why do we enter civil society?
    We can all judge and punish but not all of us make good judgments all the time. We are not dispassionate enough to judge fairly and punish equality; our passions get in the way. We may go overboard in exacting revenge. So we enter into society to protect our property and from each other.
  22. What is the role of the magistrate for Locke? How does it differ from Ancients' ideas of community.
    Mediates power. We do not give up anything. For Ancients, communities help us realize what is best in us, here community serves our interests. Foundation of social life is to protect property. Magistrate settles conflicts.
  23. What is enlightened self-interests?
    Help my neighbor to the degree that it will help me.