Chapter 29

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Author:
sanfranfan93
ID:
136650
Filename:
Chapter 29
Updated:
2012-02-21 00:28:48
Tags:
EMT
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Description:
Orthopaedic Injuries
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  1. What is articular cartilage?
    Thin layer of pearly white cartilage the surrounds the ends of bones at the joint.
  2. What is a subluxation?
    An incomplete dislocation of a joint.
  3. What is a strain?
    Is a stretching or tearing of the muscle, causing pain, swelling, and bruising of the soft tissues in the area.
  4. What is a sprain?
    Is an injury to ligaments, articular capsule synovial membrane, and tendons crossing the joint.
  5. What are the forces that usually cause fractures?
    • 1. Direct blows
    • 2. Indirect forces
    • 3. Twisting forces
    • 4. High-energy injury
  6. What are the different types of fractures?
    • 1. Greenstick
    • 2. Comminuted
    • 3. Pathologic
    • 4. Epiphyseal
    • 5. Oblique
    • 6. Transverse
    • 7. Spiral
    • 8. Incomplete
  7. What are the six "P's" of musculoskeletal assessment?
    • 1. Pain
    • 2. Paralysis
    • 3. Paresthesias (numbness or tingling)
    • 4. Pulselessness
    • 5. Palor (pale or delayed capillary refill in children)
    • 6. Pressure
  8. When should you not use a traction splint?
    When there is an obvious injury of the knee, ankle, foot, or lower leg.

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