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What is articular cartilage?
Thin layer of pearly white cartilage the surrounds the ends of bones at the joint.
What is a subluxation?
An incomplete dislocation of a joint.
What is a strain?
Is a stretching or tearing of the muscle, causing pain, swelling, and bruising of the soft tissues in the area.
What is a sprain?
Is an injury to ligaments, articular capsule synovial membrane, and tendons crossing the joint.
What are the forces that usually cause fractures?
- 1. Direct blows
- 2. Indirect forces
- 3. Twisting forces
- 4. High-energy injury
What are the different types of fractures?
- 1. Greenstick
- 2. Comminuted
- 3. Pathologic
- 4. Epiphyseal
- 5. Oblique
- 6. Transverse
- 7. Spiral
- 8. Incomplete
What are the six "P's" of musculoskeletal assessment?
- 1. Pain
- 2. Paralysis
- 3. Paresthesias (numbness or tingling)
- 4. Pulselessness
- 5. Palor (pale or delayed capillary refill in children)
- 6. Pressure
When should you not use a traction splint?
When there is an obvious injury of the knee, ankle, foot, or lower leg.