Old Testament Exam
Card Set Information
Old Testament Exam
Mrgraw Exam 3
Amos' home town?
Where did he do his Ministry?
What did the Prophets do?
Talked to people claiming to be God's people.
Nature of Prophets
Characteristics of Prophets
Called by God
Communion with God
Kingdom of God
2 ways to study Prophets?
Which one did we do?
8th Century Prophets
1. Clear Language
3 organizations to Amos
What were Amos' jobs
Fig Tree Pincher
How do you make God laugh?
Tell him your plans
King during Amos
Theology of Amos
1. God's power over Nations
2. Call for social justices
3. Daily righteous
4. Privilege and responsibility
Literature of Hosea
"Confused text of Sorrows"
What was the 8th century called? Why?
"Golden age of Prophecy"
Before 722 & 587 giving warnings
Who did Hosea Minister to?
Hosea's wife and Children?
Wife - Gomer
- Jezreel - National Embarrassment
- Lo - Rahamah - "Not Pitted" - No Mercy on Israel
- Lo- Ammi - "Not My People" - Dissolve of Covenant
Theories about Gomer
Harlot at time of Marriage
Idolater at the time of Marriage
King in Judah that served
King in Judah that served 40 years
Mush things together that don't go together
Yahweh & Canaanite beliefs = Israel
God's change against them not beliefs but actions
Theology of Hosea
Covenant love - Hessed
Human Free Will
Call to repentance
History of Deutro-Isaiah
End of Baby Exile
Cyrus the Great - Persia/Medes
1st return - Led by Zerubebel
Laid Foundation - 536
"Who is like Yahweh"
very direct in his ministry to Judah
addressed to rules
Concerned to Socially Oppressed
Fall of Israel
Destruction of Jerusalem
Captivity and return
Bethlehem birth of Messiah
Political situation in Jerusalem during Micah
Death of Uzziah
His son Jotham
Theology of Micah
Sin of Social Exploration
Sin of injustice
Walk humbly with your God
Major 8th Cent 1-39 Most quoted book from OT in NT
"Greatness of Prophetic Books"
"Salvation of Yahweh"
contemporary with Micah
His Call "Here I am, Send me"
Which Prophets tell their call
Political in Judah in Isaiah
Jonathon, Ahaz, Hezekiah
Syro-Ephraimitic war in 739 (Syria & Ephriam tribe war)
Sennacherib Invasion of Jerusalem
Ahaz sold Judah out to the Assyrians
False Beliefs during Isaiah
Permanence of God's covenant
Sole Obligation of Observing Rituals
"Day of the Lord" - as triumphs for Israel"
Eternal Divine Safety of Jerusalem
Theology of Isaiah 1-39
Holiness of God - no book since Leviticus said this
Lord over history
Importance of Faith
Who is Deutro-Isaiah
2nd Isaiah 40-66
Students that wrote it after they got back for exile
Theology of Deutro-Isaiah
Mission - Be his ppl
(Which they didn't do - Why God came to Earth)
7th Century Prophets
Which Chapter in Isaiah has every verse quoted in NT
6th Century Prophets
Capital of Assyria
Who did Nineveh Fall to?
Strong rapid prophecy against Nineveh
Hometown of Elkosh (Judah)
Hatred of Assyria
Assyrian Empire during Nahum
Prior to Sennacherib
Ashurbanipal is King
Fall of Nineveh
Who is Ashurbanipal
Main Assyrian King
Most Powerful King ever had
Taken in the entire Fertile crescent
Grandson of Sennacherib sack of Thebes
605 Carcimesh Battle
Assyrian King when it fell
Tried to rule even after it fell - didn't work to well.
Babylonians, Assyrians, Egyptians
(Necho headed here when killed Josiah)
Theology of Nahum
God's Power over Nations
- answer to God of how they treat people
Minor Prophet "Yahweh Hides" during days of Josiah
Influenced by Amos "Day of the lord"
Influenced by Isaiah "Remnant"
Talking to Jer. ppl in power
Great-Great-Grandson of Hezekiah (Royalty) (Josiah's Cuz)
Judah during Zephaniah
Silenced prophecy ("Yahweh Hides")
Josiah becomes king
Assyria dies out
Religious reform by Josiah
Bad King of Judah
Brought in foreign idols into the temple
People blamed him for 587
Theology of Zephaniah
"The day of Yahweh" - day of judgement
- everyone answers to God
Remnant - Left over ppl
Minor 7th Cent
Interrogative Prophecy - question sermon
Date 608 there watching it fall.
Fall of Israel
Fall of Nineveh
(How can bad things happen to good ppl)
Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim took over
Baby's Exile Judah
1st Deportation - Daniel
Who was prophet during 1st deportation
Who did the Babys take.
Judah during Habakkuk
Fall of Nineveh - 612
Death of Josiah 609 (died by Necho)
- taken off throne by Necho
Jehoiakim - chosen by Necho
- 2nd son
Theology of Habakkuk
Temporary pleasure of the wicked
- Sometimes bad ppl win
Question of the righteous suffering - why do good ppl suffer
Life of faith for righteous
Job Deals with same things
Jeremiah the Book
Longest book of Content
Longest prophetic book - Poetry QINAH
Secretary - Baruch
Oral from 626-605 (told to write down)
Division of ppl keeping records
Judah during Jeremiah
626 - Ashurbanipal's death/Jere's call
Carcemesh/1st depart/Jere writing
Jeremiah the man
7th Cent/ "Yahweh Throws" - needs in hurry
Anathoth- suburb of Jer
Called in "13th yr of Josiah"
Influenced by Hosea - "weeping prophet"
there when 587 happens (Stayed in Jer)
Taken to Egypt after DOD revolted and ran
Political during Jeremiah
Josiah death 609
Who stayed in Judah during Exile
Poorest of Poor (DOD)
Appointed Governor of Non-Exiled by Baby's
reported to Neb
Killed when POP=DOD revolt
Who did Jere tell not to revolt
Non-Exile Poorest of poor
What happens to Non-Exiled and Jeremiah
revolted then killed Gedaliah
Ran to Egypt
Jeremiah assumed to have died in Egypt
Ruler of Baby
Deportations of Jer
Destroyed of Jer
died in 562 ppl shocked cause they saw him as god
How many kings of Judah after exile
Theology of Jeremiah
-Break up of country ind. responsibility for relationship w/ God
2 ways Jeremiah was Faithful
To his call
Mist of Suffering
Appendix: The Exile (Nature)
-Suburb of Baby (Chebar River)
Baby - allowed them keep their culture and traditions
Advanced Culture - gained
Segregation - later allowed to join in Baby life in little ways
Nebuchadnezzar - destruction of Jer.
Evil-Merodach - Son of Neb - changed everything dad did -killed by Bro-n-law
Nergal-Shar-Usur -B-N-L to above
Nabonidus - Not Neb's Family
Belshazzar - Son of above Ruled at same time with Dad
What did Nabonidus do
(Not of Neb's Family)
Established a new religion and capital
Worshiped other god's
People's choice of King
Served as co-regent in Baby
in book of Daniel
Him and his dad died at some time .
Appendix: The Exile (Prophets)
Daniel- in Baby
Ezekiel - in Baby
Jeremiah - 587 in Jer. then Egypt
Possible Deutro-Isaiah - when exile was over they were back home
Developments during Exile
Synagogue -place of worship, school, community place - built several all over when got home.
Shortest book in OT (21 verses)
"Hymn of Hate" - against Edom
"Servant of Yahweh"
Edom- Help Neb & Baby against Israelites
Who were cousins to the Israelites and Betrayed them
Capital of Edom
What's so Special about it
Petra = Rock
city carved into a mountain
could only get to by going over a canon
Edomites would stand above and throw rocks and knock people off.
Romans - took over later on.
Theology of Obadiah
Judgement Upon Edom
"God with Strengthen"
Home - Jer until 597 (2nd deport) Chebar river in Baby
Priest -Ministry in 587 but not in Baby
"Son of man' - Called by God
What were the 4 Novelty Actions of Ezekiel
1. Mud City - what's happening back home
2. Eating in front of house - unclean conditions
4. Cutting Bread - Bread and water that's all you get
No mourning at wife's death.