Old Testament Exam

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Mrrodgers17
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13668
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Old Testament Exam
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2010-04-09 01:54:50
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Mrgraw Exam 3
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Prophets
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  1. Amos' home town?
    Where did he do his Ministry?
    • Tekoa
    • Bethel
    • (Judah)
  2. What did the Prophets do?
    Talked to people claiming to be God's people.
  3. Nature of Prophets
    • 90% Fourth-telling
    • 10% Fore-telling
  4. Characteristics of Prophets
    • Courageous
    • Called by God
    • Communion with God
    • Individualists
    • Denounced Evil
    • Kingdom of God
  5. 2 ways to study Prophets?
    Which one did we do?
    • Canonically
    • Chronologically ***
  6. Pre-Literacy Prophets
    • Samuel
    • Nathan
    • Elijah
    • Elisha
  7. 8th Century Prophets
    • Amos
    • Hosea
    • Micah
    • Isaiah
  8. Amos' Style
    • 1. Clear Language
    • 2. Rhythm
    • 3. Imagery
  9. 3 organizations to Amos
    • Sermon
    • Charges
    • Visions
  10. What were Amos' jobs
    • Sheppard
    • Fig Tree Pincher
  11. How do you make God laugh?
    Tell him your plans
  12. King during Amos
    Jeroboam II
  13. Theology of Amos
    • 1. God's power over Nations
    • 2. Call for social justices
    • 3. Daily righteous
    • 4. Privilege and responsibility
  14. Literature of Hosea
    "Confused text of Sorrows"

    • Organization
    • - Biographical
    • - Oracular
  15. What was the 8th century called? Why?
    "Golden age of Prophecy"

    Before 722 & 587 giving warnings
  16. Who did Hosea Minister to?
    Israel
  17. Hosea's wife and Children?
    • Wife - Gomer
    • Children-
    • - Jezreel - National Embarrassment
    • - Lo - Rahamah - "Not Pitted" - No Mercy on Israel
    • - Lo- Ammi - "Not My People" - Dissolve of Covenant
  18. Theories about Gomer
    • Harlot at time of Marriage
    • Allegorical story
    • Idolater at the time of Marriage
  19. King in Judah that served
  20. King in Judah that served 40 years
    Uzziah
  21. Syncretism (Hosea)
    • Mush things together that don't go together
    • Yahweh & Canaanite beliefs = Israel
    • God's change against them not beliefs but actions
  22. Spell LORD
    Y-A-H-W-E-H
  23. Theology of Hosea
    • Covenant love - Hessed
    • Human Free Will
    • Compassionate God
    • Call to repentance
  24. History of Deutro-Isaiah
    • End of Baby Exile
    • Cyrus the Great - Persia/Medes
    • 1st return - Led by Zerubebel
    • Laid Foundation - 536
  25. Micah
    • 8th Cent
    • Country Guy
    • "Who is like Yahweh"
    • very direct in his ministry to Judah
    • addressed to rules
    • Concerned to Socially Oppressed
  26. Micah Fore-Telling
    • Fall of Israel
    • Destruction of Jerusalem
    • Captivity and return
    • Bethlehem birth of Messiah
  27. Political situation in Jerusalem during Micah
    • Death of Uzziah
    • His son Jotham
    • Weak Ahaz
    • Hezekiah
  28. Theology of Micah
    • Sin of Social Exploration
    • Sin of injustice
    • God's judgement
    • God's requirements
  29. God's Requirements
    • Do justice
    • Love kindness
    • Walk humbly with your God
  30. Isaiah
    • Major 8th Cent 1-39 Most quoted book from OT in NT
    • "Greatness of Prophetic Books"
    • "Salvation of Yahweh"
    • contemporary with Micah
    • Public Ministry
    • His Call "Here I am, Send me"
  31. Which Prophets tell their call
    • Amos
    • Hosea
    • Isaiah
    • Jeremiah
  32. Political in Judah in Isaiah
    • Rulers:
    • Jonathon, Ahaz, Hezekiah
    • Syro-Ephraimitic war in 739 (Syria & Ephriam tribe war)
    • Sennacherib Invasion of Jerusalem
    • Ahaz sold Judah out to the Assyrians
  33. False Beliefs during Isaiah
    • Permanence of God's covenant
    • Sole Obligation of Observing Rituals
    • "Day of the Lord" - as triumphs for Israel"
    • Eternal Divine Safety of Jerusalem
  34. Theology of Isaiah 1-39
    • Holiness of God - no book since Leviticus said this
    • Remnant
    • Lord over history
    • Importance of Faith
  35. Who is Deutro-Isaiah
    • 2nd Isaiah 40-66
    • Students that wrote it after they got back for exile
  36. Theology of Deutro-Isaiah
    • Suffering servant
    • National Restoration
    • Mission - Be his ppl
    • (Which they didn't do - Why God came to Earth)
  37. 7th Century Prophets
    • Nahum
    • Zephaniah
    • Habakkuk
    • Jeremiah
  38. Which Chapter in Isaiah has every verse quoted in NT
    53
  39. 6th Century Prophets
    Obadiah
  40. Minor Prophets
    • Amos Obadiah
    • Hosea Joel
    • Micah Jonah
    • Nahum Haggi
    • Zephaniah Zechariah
    • Habakkuk Malichi
  41. Major Prophets
    • Isaiah
    • Jeremiah
    • Ezekiel
    • Lamentations
    • Daniel
  42. Capital of Assyria
    Nineveh
  43. Who did Nineveh Fall to?
    Babylon
  44. Nahum
    • Strong rapid prophecy against Nineveh
    • Hometown of Elkosh (Judah)
    • Hatred of Assyria
  45. Assyrian Empire during Nahum
    • Prior to Sennacherib
    • Ashurbanipal is King
    • Fall of Nineveh
  46. Who is Ashurbanipal
    • Main Assyrian King
    • Most Powerful King ever had
    • Taken in the entire Fertile crescent
    • Grandson of Sennacherib sack of Thebes
  47. Sin-Shar-Iskun
    • 605 Carcimesh Battle
    • Assyrian King when it fell
    • Tried to rule even after it fell - didn't work to well.
  48. Carcimesh Battle
    • 605
    • Babylonians, Assyrians, Egyptians
    • Babylonians Won
    • (Necho headed here when killed Josiah)
  49. Theology of Nahum
    • God's Power over Nations
    • - answer to God of how they treat people
    • God's Judgement
  50. Zephaniah
    • Minor Prophet "Yahweh Hides" during days of Josiah
    • Influenced by Amos "Day of the lord"
    • Influenced by Isaiah "Remnant"
    • Talking to Jer. ppl in power
    • Great-Great-Grandson of Hezekiah (Royalty) (Josiah's Cuz)
  51. Judah during Zephaniah
    • Manasseh King
    • Silenced prophecy ("Yahweh Hides")
    • Josiah becomes king
    • Assyria dies out
    • Religious reform by Josiah
  52. Whose Manasseh
    • Bad King of Judah
    • Stopped prophecy
    • Brought in foreign idols into the temple
    • People blamed him for 587
  53. Theology of Zephaniah
    • "The day of Yahweh" - day of judgement
    • Universal Judgement
    • - everyone answers to God
    • Remnant - Left over ppl
  54. Habakkuk
    • Minor 7th Cent
    • Interrogative Prophecy - question sermon
    • Expected Answers
    • "Embraced"
    • Date 608 there watching it fall.
  55. 722
    Fall of Israel
  56. 612
    Fall of Nineveh
  57. 609
    • Josiah's Death
    • (How can bad things happen to good ppl)
    • Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim took over
  58. 587
    • Baby's Exile Judah
    • (3rd Deportation)
  59. 626
    Ashurbanipal's death
  60. 605
    • Carcemesh Battle
    • Baby's won
    • 1st Deportation - Daniel
  61. Who was prophet during 1st deportation
    Who did the Babys take.
    • Habakkuk
    • Daniel
  62. Judah during Habakkuk
    • Fall of Nineveh - 612
    • Death of Josiah 609 (died by Necho)
    • Jehoahaz
    • - taken off throne by Necho
    • Jehoiakim - chosen by Necho
    • - 2nd son
  63. Josiah's Sons
    • Jehoahaz
    • Jehoiakim
  64. Theology of Habakkuk
    • Temporary pleasure of the wicked
    • - Sometimes bad ppl win
    • Question of the righteous suffering - why do good ppl suffer
    • Life of faith for righteous
    • Job Deals with same things
  65. Jeremiah the Book
    • Longest book of Content
    • Longest prophetic book - Poetry QINAH
    • Secretary - Baruch
    • Multiple Scrolls
    • Oral from 626-605 (told to write down)
    • Division of ppl keeping records
  66. Judah during Jeremiah
    • Josiah (609)
    • 626 - Ashurbanipal's death/Jere's call
    • Religious Reform
    • Jehoahaz/Jehoiakim
    • Carcemesh/1st depart/Jere writing
    • 2nd depart
  67. Jeremiah the man
    • 7th Cent/ "Yahweh Throws" - needs in hurry
    • Anathoth- suburb of Jer
    • Called in "13th yr of Josiah"
    • Influenced by Hosea - "weeping prophet"
    • there when 587 happens (Stayed in Jer)
    • Taken to Egypt after DOD revolted and ran
  68. Political during Jeremiah
    • Josiah death 609
    • Ashurbanipal's death
    • Religious Reform
    • Carcemesh
    • 1,2,3 Deportations
    • Gedaliah
  69. Who stayed in Judah during Exile
    • Poorest of Poor (DOD)
    • Jeremiah
  70. Gedaliah
    • Appointed Governor of Non-Exiled by Baby's
    • reported to Neb
    • Killed when POP=DOD revolt
  71. Who did Jere tell not to revolt
    Non-Exile Poorest of poor
  72. What happens to Non-Exiled and Jeremiah
    • revolted then killed Gedaliah
    • Ran to Egypt
    • Jeremiah assumed to have died in Egypt
  73. Nebuchadnezzar
    • Ruler of Baby
    • Deportations of Jer
    • Destroyed of Jer
    • died in 562 ppl shocked cause they saw him as god
  74. 562
    Nebuchadnezzar died
  75. How many kings of Judah after exile
    NONE
  76. Theology of Jeremiah
    • Individuals Responsibility
    • -Break up of country ind. responsibility for relationship w/ God
    • Remnant
    • Faithfulness
  77. 2 ways Jeremiah was Faithful
    • To his call
    • Mist of Suffering
  78. Appendix: The Exile (Nature)
    • Deportations
    • -Suburb of Baby (Chebar River)
    • Baby - allowed them keep their culture and traditions
    • Advanced Culture - gained
    • Segregation - later allowed to join in Baby life in little ways
  79. Babylonian Kings
    • Nebuchadnezzar - destruction of Jer.
    • Evil-Merodach - Son of Neb - changed everything dad did -killed by Bro-n-law
    • Nergal-Shar-Usur -B-N-L to above
    • Nabonidus - Not Neb's Family
    • Belshazzar - Son of above Ruled at same time with Dad
  80. What did Nabonidus do
    • (Not of Neb's Family)
    • Became king
    • Established a new religion and capital
    • Worshiped other god's
  81. Belshazzar
    • Nebonidus' Son
    • People's choice of King
    • Served as co-regent in Baby
    • in book of Daniel
    • Him and his dad died at some time .
  82. Appendix: The Exile (Prophets)
    • Daniel- in Baby
    • Ezekiel - in Baby
    • Jeremiah - 587 in Jer. then Egypt
    • Possible Deutro-Isaiah - when exile was over they were back home
  83. Developments during Exile
    • Synagogue -place of worship, school, community place - built several all over when got home.
    • Dietary laws
    • Circumcision
  84. Obadiah
    • 6th Century
    • Shortest book in OT (21 verses)
    • "Hymn of Hate" - against Edom
    • "Servant of Yahweh"
    • Edom- Help Neb & Baby against Israelites
  85. Who were cousins to the Israelites and Betrayed them
    Edomites
  86. Capital of Edom
    What's so Special about it
    • Petra = Rock
    • city carved into a mountain
    • could only get to by going over a canon
    • Edomites would stand above and throw rocks and knock people off.
    • Romans - took over later on.
  87. Theology of Obadiah
    • Judgement Upon Edom
    • Remnant
  88. Ezekiel
    • Major
    • "God with Strengthen"
    • Home - Jer until 597 (2nd deport) Chebar river in Baby
    • Priest -Ministry in 587 but not in Baby
    • "Son of man' - Called by God
    • Novelty actions
  89. What were the 4 Novelty Actions of Ezekiel
    • 1. Mud City - what's happening back home
    • 2. Eating in front of house - unclean conditions
    • 4. Cutting Bread - Bread and water that's all you get
    • No mourning at wife's death.

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