Card Set Information
One of the Hero of San Antonioo He was 47.
One of the senior
He get’s up Tells “Who follows OLD BEN MilaM”
300 Men Followed
Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara
An Envoy of the revoluionaries to the United States
Claims himself as governor when Texas an independent state of Mexico
After 1819 Was dissastisfied with border and enlisted James Long and took Nacogdoches worked with Magee.
Augusts W. Magee
Us Army Officer from Louisiana
Were able to take the cites of Nacogdoches 1812. La Bahia, 1813. San Antonio in 1813.
Worked with Gutierrez de Lara
Enlisted by De Lara in 1819 when he was dissastified with border and took Nacogdoches.
Talked to Jean Lafitte a pirate
Galveston, Jean Lafitte
Whle they were gone Spain took over
Shot by prison guard after arrested
Steven F. Austin
Having a good time in New Orleans
Comes to Texas
Son of Moses the "Old 300"
Capable, was a state legislature, a judge, a good farmer.
Perfect colony start up
Begins settling in area about 150 settlers before Mexican Independence in 1821.
Had a contract with the Emperor of Mexico
IN 1833 he met Santa Ana and agrees with request. Immigration was repealed.
Was arrested released until Christmas and was home by 1835 in July.
General Jaoaguin de Arrendondo
Was sent to put the Revolution down in which De lara took Nacogdoches.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana
Met Austin 1833
Agreed to Austin's claims and Immigration was repealed
De La Penia, a dairy that told of seven survivors
At first a Liberal in 1833 but became a centralist
Brother in law was Cos.
He and Cos seige on the Alamo
Was captured and made sign two treaties
: The Public Treaty and The Secret treaty
William B. Travis
Led 150 Angry Texan Militia at Bradburn
Attack at Anahuac
Was in charge of the Alamo which was a key defense to San Antonio.
Ordered by By Houston to abondon
183 Volunteers along with Crockett and Bowie
Designated as temorary head of government in 1835.
Won Presidency in 1836-38 and stepped down.
"Hero of San Jacinto"
In 1841-44 ran for Presidency due to not liking how Lamar was trying to do.
Wanted the enventual annexation of Texas to the United States.
Sam Houston's Goal in First Term
: Possible attack of the Mexican Army and the loss of the republic.
Will maintain peaceful relationship with the indians
Lived among the Cherokees, very different mindset than other Texans.
: Texas was not much and if debt incur it would not be good for US to pay off debt
Long Term goal was for Texas eventual annexation.
Sam Houston's Foreign Policy
Avoid Conflict with Mexico
Close ties to US and Britain to make US want Texas more and have protection from Mexican
Effect US Annexation was his goal
Election of 1841
Burnet Vs. Houston
It was personal due to Lamar got Houston's Adopted Father killed Chief Phillip Bowels.
Reversed Lamar's Policies
Last President of the Republic of Texas
Hand Picked by Houston
Continued Houston's Policies especially annexation
Jone's Last official act was lowering the flag
David G. Burnet
Becomes the interm president of Texas in March 16, 1836.
Orders Houston to Engage Santa Ana during the runaway scrape but Houston is waiting for the right place and the right time.
William H. Whaton
Elected to lead instead of Austin in the Second Convention at San Felipe in April 1833
Ran for the first presidential election o f 1836
Lost to houston
Mier Y Teran
Inspection of Texas in 1828-9
The Fredonian Rebellion
Survey of the Eastern Border
Check on American Settlers
More Texans than Mexicans
More European settlers
Increasing Trade With Mexico rather than the US
More troops in Texas
Reformulate new policies must be in placed
: Law of April 6, 1830.
Juan Davis Bradburn
Arrested Madero for issuing land contracts to Americans which was illegal.
Eventually Releas Madero but Mier y Teran burned new town which angerd Texas settlers.
At the Anahuac Disturbances Bradburn Strikes accussed by the Teans on giving sanctuary on tow run away slaves...
Texans did not like this because they did not want every slave to do this.
Collet cutoms from the mouth of Colorado River
Restrictions on Trade
Willam S. Peters
North Texas, 16,000 sq. miles
and 640-acre plots
Castro's Colony 1842
2134 by 1847
First settlement was betwen San Antonio and Rio Grande
Officer in the Goliad Masscre in March 7, 1836.
Massacred in Goliad.
Ordered by Santa Ana executed by General Urrea.
40 Were Executed.
Effect on Texas
: No Prisoners will cause the Texans to sand and fight.
Mirabeau B. Lamar
1838-1841 Served as President of the Republic of Texas for full three years term.
Had vision that Texas can be an Indepenent Nation
Was vice president under Houston in 1836
Experienced elected offical from GA and have military experience.
Burnet was his vice president.
Exact opposite of Houston
: Military, builds Navy
: Towards the Indians, follow Texas or Get Out, or Get Killed
: Funds Raids to Mexico causing retaliatory raids by the Mexicans
Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels
Settled New Braunfels in 1845.
Part of the The “Adelverein
Law of April 6, 1830
Non US Emigration
Ends Emigration from US
No More Slaveso End Slaves
Tax Exemption Repealed
Trade with United States Banned
More Tax Collectors
Not honest with them
Not Honest with customs
: Upset lots of people a lot
Much of these people were pretty much loyal mexica
Slave Issue was Ignored
Found was around slave. Using the indentured servants
People must have sneaked in Circumventing Emigration Laws
Branch T. Archer
President of the Consultation of 1835
Not against Mexico but want the Constitution of 1824
Miller County, Arkansas
Separated by the Red River
People were coming into texas and crossing the red river and coming into texas claiming that they were in arkansas
• Unscrupulous, would be Empresario•'
Grant near Nacogdocheso Goes to their land
Sells land that already settled
Sells land from under people that settled there for hundred of years
Already partially Settled
Republic of Redonia
Dec 21 1826
Established by Haden and Benjamin Edwards
Malitia comes togeter with Austin and other colonists and ran them out.
Rebels fled 1827
Most successful after Austin
First contract in 1825
Spanish will send them cannons
Settled 144 Families
Located west of Austin’s colony
Comancheo Always being attack
Used cannons against Indians
Most would settlers would go to De Leon’s to escape Indian attacks which will cause tensions
Martin De Leon
De Leon’s Colony
On Coast, Near Present day Victoria
200 by 1833
Slaves were not counted in the equation
: 22 other contracts)o Varing degrees of success and failures
Marques de Rubi
o Report on Texas (Los Adaes)
Settlers married locals and became farmers
Texas was “waste of money”
Those Americans keep on squatting in Texas
They keep moving in
Needs change for Texas
Result of Reforms
: San Antonio and La Bahia/Goliado Troops at Nacogdoches: New Trade Policy “Secularization”
Treaty with Comanche, 1785
: Spanish Adopt French-style Indian Policy
Luis Juchereau de St. Denis
Frenchman, Invited by a Spanish priest
Trader and adventurer
Was good at setting up trade posts
Unwelcome Guest; Spanish Response
Was arrested with Father Hidalgo
Married a daughter one of the Presido
Father Damien Massanet
Founded 1st Spanish Mission in E. Texas
Response to Las Salle, March 1760
Three Priests and 110 Soldiers
Met by Caddos
: Were friendly to them
Established a tiny mission on Neches River
Three Priest s and three soldiers
: Epidemic, Drought
Caddos became hostile to the Spanish due to brining in diseases
Abandoned by October 1693
: Set Fire to it and ran off
Little they knew the Spanish were pulling the missions out
Sieur de La Salle
Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle•
Trader and Explorer
Land Claims for France
Establish colony; 280 colonists.
Landed in Matagorda Bay, Feb, 1685.
Got blown of course
FORT ST. Louis
: Built by La Salle
Small group of people 280 or so once fort was built went to look around the area
Return Fort St. Louis and the ships were gone, one burned, on wreck
: 45 Survivors
La Salle Killed
Six Returned to Canada
--French begins snooping in Claims in Louisiana and parts of Texas
Luis de Moscoso de Alvarado
Took over after Hernando de Soto was killed.
Hernando de Soto 1542
Led 600 Men
Died on Mississippi River in May 1542
Looked for Coronado
Goes through Texas
Floated down Mississippi River
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
Governor in Mexico
300 horsemen, 70 infantry, and Over 1,000 Indians
Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas
El Turco and “Quivira”
North to Kansas
El Turco’s Death
: Possibly just heard of the stories: Killed him buy garroted
Coronado returned to Mexico in 1542 a two year expedition
Saw many land and many people good recon mission
Saw arid plains• Desserts• First to visit the interior of Texas
Cabeza de Vaca
Panfilo de Narvaez
Landed in Florida in 1528
: 242 Men Stranded: “Isle of Misfortune”
: captured and enslaved them
Cabeza de Vaca; Estevanico (Slave)
: Heard the tale of Vaca and were touched about their experiences which began in 1528
Finally Arrives in Mexico 1536
: Tells stories of cities of Gold: “Golden Cities”
De Vaca’s Report
: Wrote Ordeal
Try to find out any information he can about the people in the region
Brought first black slave in Texas
Wrote about the value of the places
Heard stories of the “Golden Cities”
Old legends and stories no facts proving them to be true Brought about a spur in exploration and search of riches and glory
Alvarez de Pineda
Cortez in Mexico at this time 1519
Map coast of Gulf of Mexico
“River of Palms” Possible to be Rio Grande?
Mapped Coast of Texas
Pineda Killed by Indians in, 1520