Chapter 6/early childhood
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What is Piaget's preoperational thought?
- Peroperational thought is a combo of preconceptional thought (2-4 years) and intuitive thought (4-7 years). A total from 2-7 years old
- followed by concrete operational thought from 7-11 years and Formal operational thought from 11-15
What is Jean Piaget's cognitive developement theory of concervation?
The idea that an object conserves amount reguardless of shape. Weather the OJ is in a cup or a bowl it is still the same measurement. The pizza is stilll the same size no matter how many slices you cut it into.
What is Jean Piaget' cognitive development theory of object permamence?
The idea that an object is permanent weather you can see it or not
What is Jean Piaget's cognitive development theory of egocentrism?
I am the center of the universe!
What is Jean Piaget's cognitive development theory of animism?
- The idea that non-living things possess living thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
- i.e. pulling apples off of a apple tree hurts the tree and makes the tree yell ouch.
What is Jean Piaget's cognitive development theory of artificialism?
- Is the way that children explain natural phenomenan.
- god is bowling is thunder
- god if crying is rain
- the stork brings the baby
In social development; parenting styles: rearing the competent child, what kinds of control and attachment does the permissive parent have to thier child?
- 1) low control and low attachment
- i.e. the parent comes into her office on her bluetooth while her child destroys the office and does not care where Johnny is.
- 2) low control and high attachment
- i.e. parent in the grocery store is calling out the childs name while she is shopping down another isle while her child is destroying the store. The parent is absent and won't disipline the child so the child is attached
In social development; parenting styles: rearing the competent child, what kinds of control and attachment does the authoritarian parent have to thier child?
- high control and low attachment
- i.e. the child lives in fear of the parent
In social development; parenting styles: rearing the competent child, what kinds of control and attachment does the Authoritative parent have to thier child?
- High control and high attachment
- i.e. parent takes away the fork before Johnny sticks it into the socket and redirects Johnny back to what he was doing before the episode
What are the 5 stages that Sigmund Freud has for the human, the phychoanalytic perspective?
- 1) Oral = explores the world thru their mouths
- 2) Anal = potty training years: knowing when to go on the potty is a "big deal" (anal retentive = stuck up, and anal expulsive = living in chaos)
- 3) Phallic = "Penis" if I rub it; it feels good (lack of a need for a partner)
- 4) Latency = academic oriented, soccer, dance, boys have cooties, clam before the storm. (Adults without this can not figure out why you are fixed on him)
- 5) Genital = natural sexuality, can not get stuck here, wanting to share
What does psychosexual mean?
What are the 2 Freudian complexes for the psychodynamic perspective?
Oedipal complex = all boys want to kill their fathers and marry their mothers from 2-4 years old. Solve by sending them to school to find a girl to replace mom.
Electra complex = Plots to kill mom, so that she can stay home with father and live the rich life. Solve by marrying for money (old guy), or become rich herself.
What are the 3 stages of language development (Vygotsky)?
- 1) from birth to 1 year is preintellectual speech; crying, cooing, and babbling.
- 2) At 1 year are single words. Niave speech, 1st words are usually holophrases and contain multiple meanings. "Ball", may mean "Throw the ball to me."
- 3)2-word sentences at age 18-24 months and is egocentric speech and is telegraphic speech. "mommy milk" might stand for "Mommy I would like some milk."
Freud developed the iceberg theory of mind, what are the 3 parts and what do they mean?
- 1) Ego is above the water, aware of the ego, means - who I know myself to be.
- 2) Superego is just under the water, unaware of the superego, it is your conscience. Means - knowing right from wrong.
- 3) Id is below both the Ego and Superego, unaware of the Id, its your animal instincts or the 4 F's. Fight, Flight, Feeding, Fornication. (the I can not believe I said that moment)
What are the needs of the Early Childhood Child?
- 1) Consistency within a setting of diversity. Give them routines, but change the types of items like when singing songs; sing different ones. At breakfast eat different cereals.
- 2) Physical needs met and not promised. Feeding them, playing outside; you cannot compromise them with abuse and neglect
- 3) Affirmation of self and works, but as two seperate things. Only praising them for good work is not ok, need to praise them when they miss the ball too, not an issue of your identity. Tell them they are good at a different time than you praise them for their art work.
How many women each year are killed by domestic violence?
2,000 to 4,000 women are killed each year
How much more likely are children who witness domestic violence more likely to be arrested in the future than those children who are not subjected to the violence?
4 times more likely to get arrested in the future
What percent of women who are killed by an abusive partner are killed after they leave or when they are attempting to leave the abusive relationship?
How much more likely are children who witness domestic violence, than children that do not, to commit suicide?
6 times more likely to commit suicide.
The psychosocial perspective of Erik Erikson are like boxing matches. Always one vs. another. What is Initative vs. Guilt?
If we lack the initiave then it turns into guilt. If I can't do that then I must be a baby
What is mental retardation disorder, usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
Significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning with a cognitive function below 70
Mentally retarded could learn calculus in a lifetime of learning but only if they want to learn it, is it worth the time.
What are the 3 learning disorders usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
- 1) reading disorders
- 2) mathematics disorder
- 3) written expression disorder
- Learning disorders are diagnosed on a acheivement test if it is below what they expect due to their IQ. 15+ points lower than their IQ.
What are the 4 communication disorders usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
- 1) Expressive language disorder - when children have difficulty verbalizing thoughts
- 2) Mixed receptive-expressive language disorder - difficulty expressing and understanding language
- 3) Phonological disorder - mixing up common sounds the d and f. Duck and Fuck
- 4) Studdering - can be delt with at a young age sometimes by just slowing down speech, but never fill in the blank for the child. Singing helps studdering.
What is the pervasive developmental disorders usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
Autistic disorder - A social disorder, locked inside themselves. Self stimualtion behavior like rocking, head-banging.
What are the 3 attention-deficit and disruptive behavior disorders usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
- 1) attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder - attention deficit is not a lack of attention, they pay attention to everything. The pen clicking, the papers shuffling; the mind is always searching for the distraction. hyperactivity disorder - the physical body goes everywhere the activity is.
- 2) oppositional deficit disorder (pre-cursor to #3) pattern of negative, hostile and defiant behaviors (purple suit pimp walking little boy)
- 3) conduct disorder - pattern of violating the basic rights of others (anti-society, conduct disorder)
- All neurological disorders
What are the 2 feeding and eating disorders usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
- 1) Pica - persistant of non-nutrient substances (goat kids) eat carpet fuz, pennies, rocks.
- 2) Rumination disorder - repeated regergetation and rechewing of food
What are the 2 elimination disorders usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
- 1) Eneuresis - the repeated voiding of urine in inappropriate places
- 2) Encopresis - repeated passage of feces into inappropriate places
What are the 2 anxiety disorders usually first diagnosed in infantcy or early childhood?
- 1) Seperation anxiety disorder - excessive anxiety concerning seperation from home or from those who the child is attached.
- 2) Selective mutism - failure to speak in specific social situations
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