Chapter 25 + Misc.

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  1. Big Four
    • Rockefeller -Oil
    • Carnegie -Steel
    • Morgan -Finance/ Banking
    • Vanderbilt -Railroads
  2. What caused businesses to hire unskilled workers?
    Modern Technology
  3. Edison invented the lightbulb in
  4. Where did Carnegie learn his management techniques
    working the railroad
  5. Describe the economy in 1860-1900
    dominated by large industry
  6. Yellow dog contracts
    banned workers from joining unions
  7. How would you characterise labor relations in the later 1800
  8. Who was called in to end the Homestead Strike
  9. Describe the immigrants coming in this era
    • came from eastern and southern europe, had to go through physical examination,
    • They were fleeing because of over population and enlistment of the army
  10. Purpose of Tweed
    to ensure party dominence
  11. Settlement houses
    lovated in high immigrant plaves provided daycare, english classes, mothering classes, helped asymilate to the dominant american culture
  12. What was the primary reason for the Rockefeller trust?
    To eliminate compitition
  13. Louis Sullivan
    famed architect worked on and perfected skyscapers (first appearing in Chicago in1885)
  14. Theodore Dreiser
    wrote Sister Carrie a story that told of a womans escapades in the big city and made cities dazzling and attractive
  15. Mail-order stores
    like Sears and Montgomery Ward, these stores made things cheap and easy to buy
  16. Old immigration
    until the 1880s most of the immigrants had come from the British Isles and western Europe (Germany and Scandinavia) and were quite literate and accustomed to some type of representative government
  17. New Immigration
    1880s and 1890s the Baltic and slavic people opposite from old immigrators
  18. Social Gospel
    Walter Rauchenbusch and Washington Gladden began preaching the "Social Gospel" insisting that churches tackle the burning social issues of the day
  19. Jane Adams
    founded Hull House in 1889 to teach children and adults the skills and knowledge that they would need to survive and succeded in America
  20. Lillian Wald
    founded Henry Street Settlement in New york and opened its doors in 1893
  21. Florence Kelley
    fought for the protection of women workers and against child labor
  22. American Protective Association (APA)
    arose to go against new immigrants and labor leaders were quick to try to stop new immigration, since immigrants were frequently used as strikebreakers
  23. Statue of Liberty
    arrived from france as a gift in 1886
  24. Dwight Lyman Moody
    a man who proclaimed the gospel of kindness and forgiveness and adapted the old-time religion to the facts of city life
  25. Moody Bible Institute
    founded in Chicago in 1889 and continued working well after Moody's death in 1899
  26. Cardinal Gibbons
    popular with roman catholics and protestants, he preached AMerican unity
  27. Church of Christ, Scientist
    (Christian Science), founded by Mary Baker Eddy, preached a perversion of Christianity that she claimed healed sickness
  28. YMCA
    Young Mens Christian Association
  29. Charles Darwin
    in 1859 published his on the origin of Species which set forth the new doctrine of evolution and attracted the ire and fury of fundamentalists
  30. "Modernists"
    they took a step from the fundamentalists and refused to believe that the bible was completely accurate and factual. They contended that the Bible was merely a collection of moral stories of guidelines, but not sacred scripture inspired by god
  31. Robert G. Ingersoll
    was one who denounced creationism, as he had been widely persuaded by the thoery of evolution
  32. Chautauqua movement
    a successor to the lyceums, was launched in 1874. It included public lectures to many people by famouse writers and extensive at-home studies
  33. Booker T. Washington
    • an ex-slave came to help the poor, wartorn south. He started by heading a black normal (teacher) and industrial school in Tuskegee, Alabama, and teaching the students useful skills and trades
    • believed Blacks helping themselves before gaining rights
  34. George Washington Carver
    one of washingtons students who later discovered hundreds of new used for peanuts, sweets potatoes, and soybeans
  35. W.E.B. Du Bois
    the first Black to get a Ph.D from Harvard University, demanded complete equality for Blacks and action now. He also founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1910
  36. Black colleges established
    Howard University in Washington D.C., Atlanta University, and Hampton Institute in Virginia
  37. Morrill Act
    of 1862 had provided a generous grant of the public lands to states for support of education
  38. Hatch Act
    of 1887 provided federal funds for the establishment of agricultural experiment stations in connection with the land-grant colleges
  39. John Hopkins University
    maintained the nations first high-grade graduate school
  40. Discovers by these two scientists improved medical science and health
    Louis Pasteur and Joseph Lister (antiseptics)
  41. William james
    • this brilliant but sickly guy helped established the discipline of behavioral psychology, with his books Principles of Psychology (1890), The Will to Believe (1897), and Varieties of Religious Experience (1902)
    • Greatest work was Pragmatism (1907), which preached what he believed in: pragmatism (everything has a useful purpose)
  42. Yellow Journalism
    newspapers reported on wild and fantastic stories that often were false or quite exaggerated
  43. Two new journalistic tycoons emerged:
    Joseph Pulitzer (New York World) and William Randolph Hearst (San Francisco Examiner)
  44. Post war writing
    • Lewis Wallace -cambated the ideas and beliefs of Darwinism and reaffirmed the traditional christian faith
    • Horatio Alger -"Ragged" popular for his rags to riches books told virtue, honesty, and industry
    • Walt Whitman -"Leaves of Grass"
  45. James Naismith
    in 1891 invented basket ball
  46. Mary Cassatt
    painted sensitive portraits of women and children while george innes became america's leading landscapist
  47. Augustus Saint-gaudens
    made the Robert Gould SHaw memorial located in Boston in 1897
  48. used black dialect and folklore in their poems and stories respectively
    Paul Laurence Dunbar and Charles W. Chesnutt
  49. Charlotte Perkins Gilman
    • published WOmen and economics
    • called for women to abandon their dependent status and contribute to the larger life of the community through productive incolvement inthe economy
    • pushed for day care centers
  50. National American Women Suffrage Association
    in 1890 an organization led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony
  51. Carrie Chapmen Catt
    stressed the desirability of giving women the vote if they were to continue to discharge their traditional duties as homemakers in the increasingly public world of the city
  52. National Association of colored women
    in 1896 Ida B Wells formed this and rallied toward better treatment for blacks
  53. American red cross
    formed by Clara Barton, a Civil War nurse, was formed in 1881
  54. Leaders of the Women's Christian Temperance Union
    Frances E. Willard and Carrie A. Nation
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Chapter 25 + Misc.
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