Card Set Information

2012-02-21 22:55:20
Haircutting II

Cosmetology: Haircutting II
Show Answers:

  1. What are the seven typical haircutting techniques according to the textbook?
    • Sectioning
    • Head Position
    • Parting
    • Distributing hair/Subsectioning
    • Projection Angle
    • Finger and Shear Position
    • Guide/Design Line
  2. Dividing the head into workable areas for the purpose of control is?
  3. What is the most common type of sectioning?
    4 Sections/Quadrants
  4. What determines the number of sections and the type of sectioning?
    the type of haircut created.
  5. What is the area below the occipital?
  6. What is the area above the occipital?
  7. What is the highest point of the head?
  8. What is the front area of the interior; bang area?
  9. What is the area all around the hairline?
  10. What are the three most common head positions used when cutting?
    • Upright
    • Forward
    • Tilted
  11. What head position will create and slight under-bevel, slightly graduated effect?
  12. What head position will achieve the most natural line with no graduation?
  13. Lines that subdivide sections of hair in order to separate, distribute and control hair while cutting are called?
  14. What is the typical orientation of the parting to the design line?
  15. What are the most common partings?
    • Horizontal
    • Vertical
    • Diagonal Back
    • Diagonal Forward
    • Concave
    • Convex
  16. The direction hair is combed in relation to the parting is called?
  17. Overdirection, hair is combed out of it's natural distribution is called?
    Shifted Distribution
  18. Hair is distributed vertically from the head or horizontally from the head is called?
    Directional Distribution
  19. The direction the hair takes as it naturally falls is called?
    Natural Distribution
  20. Hair is combed 90 degrees from it's parting; used primarily for graduation and layers is called?
    Perpendicular Distribution
  21. The angle at which the hair is held in relation to the curve of the head is called?
  22. What are the most common projection angles?
    • 0 degrees
    • 45 degrees
    • 90 degrees
  23. What angles create low, medium and high projection?
    • 0-30 degrees: Low Projection
    • 30-60 degrees: Medium Projection
    • 60-90 degrees: High Projection
  24. What projection creates weight/graduation?
    1-89 degrees
  25. What projection creates layers?
    90 degrees and above
  26. What does finger and shear position refer to?
    the position of fingers and shears relative to the parting.
  27. Which finger position creates the purest reflection of a guide line and fingers are positioned an equal distance away from the parting?
  28. Which finger position creates exaggerated length increases, blends contrasting lengths and fingers are position unequally away from the parting?
  29. What is the artistic guideline used while cutting?
    Design Line
  30. Which design line is a stable guide to which all lengths are directed?
  31. Which design line is a moveable guide that consists of a small amount of previously cut hair?
  32. What is used to check a haircut for balance and accuracy by using the opposite parting pattern that was used to cut the hair?
  33. What involves cutting shorter lengths within a form to reduce bulk and create support, closeness, fullness, mobility and visual texture in the haircut?
  34. Texturizing performed between the scalp and up to 1'' away from the scalp is called? (creates fullness and expands a haircut, removes weight from base, encourages natural texture and movement)
    Base Texturizing
  35. Texturizing performed 1'' away from the scalp to 1'' away from the ends is called?
    (creates fullness or contouring, reduces bulk and weight)
    Midstrand Texturizing
  36. Texturizing performed at the ends or last 1'' of hair is called?
    (reduces bulk and weight, allows mobility, softens ends and helps blend weight lines)
    End Texturizing
  37. What is it called when shears are opened and closed rythmically while moving along the hair strand?
  38. Why is it important to consider the hair's natural texture when texturizing?
    so you know what you can and can't do to each type of hair texture.
  39. When texturizing hair, where should it be done?
    where the most bulk exists.
  40. A techinique used for defining the perimeter hairline is called?
  41. What are the three fringe variations and what is the effect/result of each?
    • Solid Fringe: can frame the eyes.
    • Longer Fringe: swept to side exposes forehead.
    • Layered Fringe: adds texture, fullness and height.
  42. Which growth pattern is prominent and forms a point at the front hairline and curves to the side?
    Widows Peak
  43. Which growth pattern is strong and moves to the right or left; usually in front hairline or crown?
  44. Which growth pattern has a strong circular growth direction on either side of the nape or in the crown?
  45. Ways to handle each growth pattern so the hair doesn't stick up?
    • Widows Peak: leave fringe longer.
    • Cowlick: cut hair in same direction is grows and falls, allow additional length.
    • Whorl: either allow additional length so hair lays flat or cut hair very close to the scalp.
  46. Why are consultations important to any service?
    Sets the foundation for the service and prevents misunderstandings.