Athletic Training

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  1. 5 signs of inflammation
    • redness
    • swelling
    • heat
    • pain
    • loss of function
  2. 3 phases of the healing process
    • Inflammation response
    • Fibroblastic repair
    • Maturation-remodeling
  3. Inflammatory response phase
    • vascular reaction: involve vascular spasm, formation of platelet plug, blood coaugulation, growth of fibrous tissue
    • seen in first 3-4 days after injury
  4. histamine
    • first chemical to appear in inflammation
    • major producer of arterial dialation and capillary permeability
  5. seratonin
    powerful vasoconstrictor
  6. bradykinin
    increase permeability and cause pain
  7. heparin
    • give off to temperature
    • prevent blood coaugulation
  8. prostaglandins
    inflammatory process involvment
  9. leukotrienes
    • alter capillary permeability
    • involved in inflammatory process
  10. What chemicals are produced during early stages of inflammation?
    prostaglandins and leukotrienes
  11. Go over Injury Cycle
    Go over Injury Cycle!
  12. Fibroblastic repair phase
    • repair-healing-inflammatory phase
    • 48 hrs-72 hrs- 6 weeks
    • regeneration-restoration of destroyed or lost tissue
  13. primary healing
    • during fibroblastic repair phase
    • healing by first intention
    • takes place in injury (cut)
  14. secondary healing
    • during fibroblastic repair phase
    • healing by second intention
    • results where large tissue lost
    • scar tissue replaces area (lacerations)
  15. Maturation-remodeling phase
    • long term process
    • remodel of fibers that make up scar tissue occurs according to tensile forces
    • first 3-6 weeks characterized by increased production of scar tissue
    • strength of scar tissue continues from 3 months to 2 years after injury
  16. chronic inflammation
    • inflammation reaction lasting months or even years
    • occurs from repeated micro-traumas and overuse
  17. cartilage healing
    • limited healing capacity
    • slow, little or no direct blood supply
  18. ligament healing
    • important for proper immediate and follow-up care
    • goes through acute, repair, and remoded phases
    • takes up to 12 months
  19. healing of skeletal muscle
    • regeneration of new myofibers is minimal
    • active contraction of the muscle is critical to regain strength
    • strains may last 6-8 weeks
  20. nerve healing
    • nerve cells cannot regenerate after death
    • can take place within nerve fiber
    • age and health play role
  21. Time for bone healing is based on?
    • severity and site of fracture
    • extensive trauma
    • age of patient
  22. pain sources
    • cutaneous pain-usually sharp, bright and burning, fast or slow onset
    • deep somatic pain- tendons, muscles, joints
    • visceral pain- from internal organs
    • psychogenic pain- caused by emotion
  23. acute vs chronic
    • acute- designed to help protect body
    • chronic- serves no useful purpose
Card Set:
Athletic Training
2012-02-22 06:24:48
Healing Process

Healing Process
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