conditioning/learning exam 1

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conditioning/learning exam 1
2012-02-22 17:09:14
conditioning learning psychology penn state

conditioning/learning exam 1
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  1. A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from some type of experience. The change in behavior does not have to be immediate, it may not become evident until later.
  2. Any activity of and organism that can be observed or somehow measured. The activity may be internal or external. The activity may or may not be visiable to others (e.g. rasing hand, sleeping often, crying)
  3. Classical conditiong was founded by _________ ________.
    Ivan Pavlov
  4. Operant condtioning was founded by _______ _________.
    BF Skinner
  5. Observational learning was founded by ________ _________.
    Albert Bandura
  6. Process by which certain inborn behaviors cometo be produced in new situations.
    Classical conditioning
  7. ________ __________ can help explain many of our emotional reponses and our likes and dislikes.
    classical conditioning
  8. A ________ ________ is what you are conditioning.
    target behavior
  9. Flat line =_________ ________
    no response
  10. _______ _________ involves stregthening or weakening of a behavior as a result of it's consequences.
    operant conditioning
  11. ________ _______ involves watching a models behavior, which facilitates development of similar behavior in the observer.
    observational learning
  12. If a drug addict does drugs in a _________ setting, it is more likely to result in a fatality
  13. If you feel hungry at the same time every day, this is an example of ________ ___________
    temporal conditioning
  14. A major difficulty with the structural appraoch is __________ and _______ ______ ___________
    introspection and stream of consciousness
  15. A person who is drinking is most likely to become intoxicated more quickly where?
    in the shower
  16. The underlying process to counter-conditioning is _______ __________
    reciporical inhibition
  17. In viv= ______ _______
    in reality
  18. K.I.S.S. is one version of ___________ or ______ ________
    parsimony or morgan's cannon (simple explainations are better)
  19. _______ is a behavioral treatment that involves prolonged exposure to a feared stimulus.It provides maximum opportunity for the conditioned fear response to be extinguished.
  20. An overgeneralization of a fear response
  21. Neurotic-like symptoms which develop when exposed to extreme uncertainty.
    experimental neurosis
  22. The most salient memeber of a compund stimulus is more readily conditioned as a CS and thereby interferes with conditioning of the least salient member. (e.g. assigning an assitant to announce an unpopular decision)
  23. A mental representation of one's spatial surroundings (Tolman)
    cognitive map
  24. The relationship between changes in an independent variable and changes in a dependent variable; a cause and effect relationship.
    functional relationship
  25. A research design requiring only one or a few subjects in order to conduct an entire experiment.
    single subjuect design
  26. A type of single subject design in which the effect of the treatment is demonstrated by how closely the behavior matches a criterion that is systematically altered.
    changing criterion design
  27. A type of single subject design that involves repeated alterations between a baseline period and a treatment period. (ABAB design)
    reversal design
  28. The most sensitive measure of behavior, a type of data collection.
  29. A defensive reaction to a sudden \, unexpected stimulus, which involves automatic tightening of skeletal muscles and various hormonal and visceral changes.
    startle response
  30. The phenomenon by whereby the presence of an established CS INTERFERES with conditioing of a new CS
  31. An _________ is highly reactive to external stimuli, easily conditioned, develops anxiety like symptoms in reaction to stress, and are more likely to seek approval
  32. An ________ is less reactive to exertnal stimuli, are conditioned less easily, develop physical- like symptoms in reaction to stress. People with antisocial personality disorder are typically have this personality type.
  33. An unfamiliar stimulus is more readily conditioned than a familiar stimulus.
    latent inhibition