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  1. sociological imagination
    to view personal problems as public issues Ex: HealthCare in order to benefit everyone
  2. Conflict Theories
    Place of conflict where groups of people exist who do not have the same interest, making a place where most conflict occurs Ex: Feminism, Race
  3. The Looking Glass Self (Cooley)
    • symbolic interaction theory - the self is figured out through social interaction
    • "I am not who I think I am, I am not who you think I am, I am who I think you think I am." - Cooley
  4. Mechanical and Organic Solidarity (Durkheim)
    Organic: Every individual on their own choses what to do, but uses the values of society to make their decisions (voluntarily learning about society) "bigger societies" Individual

    • Mechanical: Working together in a small society thinking about a 'group' opposed to 'individual' self, usually seen in smaller societies with less technology
    • Group
  5. The significant and generalized other (Mead)
    We must all take a roll in society but view ourselves in the context of it. Ex: 2 year old playing mommy with doll
  6. the social construction of self (Mead, Yinger)
    Talking to another about your day: Transforming subjectively felt feelings into an objective experiences (making sense of reality)
  7. Social Structure
    the interweaving of peoples' interactions and relationships in more or less recurrent and stable patterns Ex: Bureaucracy
  8. Social Group
    Two or more people who are bound together in relatively stable patterns of social interaction and who share a feeling of unity
  9. Bureaucracy
    • most formal of all organizations, everything done is thought
    • out rationally through the written laws. People treat each other in an
    • impersonal way. Efficient gigantic organizations(USPS, Military, DVC registrars
    • office)

    • -flaws = slows down innovation since everything needs to be
    • approved by so many people, slow at adapting, everyone is treated the same,
    • lack of ability to adapt to certain changes

    • 1970s – corporations figured out bureaucracies were not as
    • efficient and started to break down into individual groups

    • -individual teams
    • working on set goals, but more power leads to more pay

    bureaucracy is still more organized with no potential unions
  10. power
    ability to control the behavior of others, even against their will Ex: North Korea
  11. position
    gives power to people
  12. institution
    social structures that organize, direct, and execute the esential tasks of living Ex: Colleges share a common goal of Higher Education

    • Group of organizations that share a common goal (government
    • share common goals and laws, the economic institutions consist of corporations,
    • families, religious institutions)
  13. norms
    social rules that specify appropriate and inappropriate behavior in given situations Ex: raising your hand during class
  14. symbols
    acts/objects that have come to be socially accepted as standing for something else

    basic building blocks for cultures: Language, Gestures, Objects
  15. dominant ideology
    belief that keeps people oppressed because they are persuaded what is happening to them is okay
  16. folkways/mores
    folkways: norms people do not deem to be of great importance and exact less stringent conformity Ex: not going to jail for posession of pot for ten years

    mores: norms to which people attach a great deal of importance and exact strict conformity Ex: subjectively felt
  17. ethnocentricism
    observing a society from your own rules/culture
  18. society
    A group of people who live within the same territory and share a common culture
  19. participant observation research
    analyzing through experience
  20. order theories
    shared moral values, functionalist society
  21. class conflict (Marx)
    form of conflict theory where the upper class can exploit the lower class
  22. scientific method
  23. social status
    ranking by which people are evaluated or judged by
  24. social organization = Group
    Organization containing roles, rules, and goals
  25. primary and secondary groups
    intrisic vs extrinsic goals
  26. authority
    can only stay in power if their commands are legit
  27. role
    behaviors expected from a person occupying a position
  28. culture
    values, objects etc. that make up a society: the social heritage of people
  29. values
    what is expected to be proper: raising your hand in order to learn as opposed to a norm which would be why its proper
  30. formal/informal norms
    written laws

    nonwritten assumed proper behavior
  31. representative sampling (surveys)
    method for analyzing
  32. cultural relativism
    analyzing another society in comparison to their own culture
  33. the scientific method
  34. social facts
    something that influences people
Card Set:
2012-02-23 06:51:34

Exam 1 FlashCards
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