Anthropology Ch6

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Anthropology Ch6
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2012-02-23 01:10:47
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Anthropology Ch6
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  1. Primates members of themammalian order, lemurs , lorises , tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans
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  2. Anthropoids
    Members of the primate Infraorder Anthropoidea, which includes monkeys, apes and humans.
  3. Morphology
    The form ( shap, size) of anatomical structures; can alson refer to the entire organism.
  4. Omnivorous
    Having a diet consisting of many food types, such as plant materials,meat, and insects
  5. Diurnal
    Active during the day
  6. Olfaction
    The sense of Smell
  7. Mocturnal
    Active during the night
  8. Sterioscopic vision
    The condition whereby visual images, are, to varying degrees, superimposed. This provides for death perceptio, or viewingthe external environment in three dimensions. Stereoscopic vision is partly a function of structure in the brain.
  9. Binocular vision
    vision characterized by overlapping visual fields provided by forward-facing eyes. Binocular vision is essential to depth perception.
  10. Hemispheres
    The two halveesof the cerebrum that are connected by a dense mass of fibers. ( the cerebrum is the large rounded outer portion of the brain.)
  11. Neocortex
    The more recently evolved portions of th ecortex of the brain that areinvolved with higher mental functions and composed of areas that integrate incoming information from different sensory organs.
  12. Sensory Modalities
    Different forms of sensation ( touch, pain, pressure, heat, cold, vision, taste, hearing, and smell.
  13. Aboreal
    Tree living; adapted to life inthe trees
  14. Adaptive Niche
    An organisms entire way of life. Where it live, what it eats, how it gets food, how it avoids predators and so on.
  15. Dental Formula
    Numericcal device that indicates the number of each type of tooth in each sideofthe upper and lower jaws.
  16. Cusps
    The bumps on the chewing surface of premolars and molars.
  17. Quadrupedal
    Using all four limbs to support the body during locomotion; the basic mammalian (and primate form of locomotion
  18. Brachiation
    Arm swinging, a form of locomotion used by some primates. Brachiationinvolves hanging from a branch and moving by alternately swinging from one arm to another.
  19. Lumbar
    Pertaining to the lower back. The lumbar area is longer in monkeys than it is in humans and apes
  20. Strepsirhini
    the primate suborder that includes lemurs and lorises, colloquial form strepsirhine
  21. Haplorhini
    The primate suborder that includes tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans( colloquial form haplorphine.
  22. Rhinarium
    the moist, hairless pads at the end of the nose seen in most mammalian species. The Rhinarium enhances an animals ability to smell.
  23. Carcopithecidae
    The taxonomic family that includes all old world monkeys.
  24. Cercopithecines
    Common name for members of the subfamily of old workd monkeys that includes baboons, macaques, and guenons.
  25. Colobines
    Common name for members of the subfamily of old World monkeys that includes the African Colobus monkeys and asian Langurs.
  26. Ischial Callosities
    Patches of tough , hard skin, on the buttocks of old world monkeys and chimpanzees.
  27. Sexual Dimorphism
    Differences in physical characteristics between males and females of the same species. For exampl, humans are slightly sexually dimorphic for body size, with males being taller, on average, than females of the same population. Sexual dimorphism is very pronounced in many species, suchh as gorillas
  28. Hominoids
    Members of the primate superfamily ( Hominidea) that includes apes and humans.
  29. Territorial
    Pertaining to the protection of all or a part of the area occupied by an animal or group of animals. Territorial behaviors range from scent marking to outright attachs on intruders.
  30. Frugivorous
    Having a diet composedprimarily of fruits.
  31. Natal Group
    The group in which animals are born and raised ( Natal pertains to birth)
  32. Intelligence
    Mental capacity; ability to learn, reason or comprehend and interpret information, facts, relationships, and meanings, the capacity to solve problems whether through the application of previouslyacquiredknowledge or through insight.
  33. The mammalian order Primates includes humans and 230 nonhuman species apes monkeys, tarsiers and lemurs. nonhuman primates livein tropical and subtropical regions of
    Africa, India, and Asia.a
  34. Primates divided into two suborders Strepsirhini( lemurs and lorises) and Haplorhini (tarsiers,monkeys apes and humans.
  35. Primates have five digits (fingers). Differentkinds of teeth, and a skelatal anatomy and limb structurthat allow different forms of locomotion.
  36. Primates have grasping hands, oposable thumbs that facilitates this abilitySome species are specialized in that their thumbs are reduced or absent. chimps. bonobos, also have opposable big toes.
  37. Primates are omnivorous although certain species focus on only certain foods for example

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