Final

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meea20
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137169
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Final
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2012-02-23 16:54:25
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med terms
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med terms 1 review
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  1. Atel/o
    Incomplete
  2. Sarcoma
    Malignant tumor from connective tissue
  3. Enteropathy
    Disease of intestinal tract
  4. Lingu/o
    Tongue
  5. Gloss/o
    Tongue
  6. Neurectomy
    Surgical removal of a nerve or part of a nerve
  7. Peri-
    Surrounding
  8. -graph
    Instrument for recording
  9. Cerebral
    Relating to brain or cerebrum
  10. Psych/o
    Mind
  11. Tachycardia
    Rapid heart rate, above 100 bpm
  12. Transhepatic
    Passing through or by way of bile ducts
  13. Lapar/o
    Abdomen
  14. Nephr/o
    Kidney
  15. Celi/o
    Belly abdomen
  16. Etiology
    Study of the cause of disease
  17. Path/o
    Disease
  18. -scope
    Instrument for visual examination
  19. -scopy
    Process of visual examination
  20. Oste/o
    Bone
  21. Onc/o
    Tumor
  22. Pyuria
    Pus in urine
  23. Percutaneous
    Medical procedure where access to inner organs or other tissue is done via needle-puncture of the skin
  24. Arteriosclerosis
    Thickening and hardening of the arteries and arterial walls
  25. Pulmonary
    Pertaining to the lungs
  26. Pleurodynia
    Pain in the chest or pleural cavity
  27. Thoracic
    Pertaining to the thorax (chest)
  28. Carcin/o
    Cancer
  29. Pericardium
    Thin sac like membrane that surrounds the heart
  30. Menorrhagia
    Excessive heavy menstrual flow
  31. Mediastinum
    The area between the lungs
  32. Epi-
    Above
  33. Ur/o
    Urinary tract/urine
  34. Dysplasia
    Abnormality of development
  35. Glyc/o
    Sugar
  36. Hypoglycemia
    Low concentration of glucose in blood
  37. Pyel/o
    Renal pelvis
  38. Chondroma
    A benign tumor of cartilage
  39. Febrile
    Feverish, pertaining to fever
  40. UTI
    Urinary tract infection
  41. Renal
    Pertaining to kidney
  42. Balan/o
    Penis
  43. Benign
    Not malignant, noncancerous
  44. Oliguria
    Decreased urine output
  45. Sialadenitis
    Inflammation of salivary gland
  46. Ischemia
    Insufficient supply of blood to organ, deficit of oxygen for a tissue
  47. Sarc/o
    Sacrum
  48. -ectomy
    Excision, removal
  49. Encephal/o
    Brain
  50. Leukocyte
    White blood cell
  51. Sebhepatic
    Situated under, or the vetral side of the liver
  52. Morphology
    Study of the size, shape, and structure of an organism or one of its parts
  53. Thromb/o
    Clot
  54. Leukemia
    A malignancy of blood-producing tissue, characterized by proliferating immature white blood cells and infiltration of the spleen, liver and other organs
  55. Hyper-
    Above, excessive
  56. Hypertrophy
    Enlargement of an organ or part resulting from an increase in the size of the cells
  57. Necrosis
    The death of one or more cells in the body
  58. Stomat/o
    Mouth
  59. Parasitism
    The relation between two different kinds of organisms in which one receives benefits from the other causing damage to it
  60. Polymyopathy
    Disease affecting several muscles simultaneously
  61. Blepharitis
    Inflammation of eyelids
  62. Adenectomy
    Surgical excision of a gland
  63. Otalgia
    Pain in the ear; earache
  64. Acrophobia
    Fear of heights
  65. Nephrectomy
    Surgical removal of a kidney
  66. Cec/o
    Cecum
  67. Mamm/o
    Breast
  68. Mast/o
    Breast
  69. Intercostal
    Between two ribs
  70. Gross
    Coarse or large, visible to naked eye
  71. Ophthalmoscope
    Instrument to examine both eyes
  72. Myoma
    A benign tumor of muscular tissue
  73. LFT
    Liver function test
  74. Cystitis
    Inflammation of urinary bladder
  75. Iatr/o
    Treatment, physician
  76. Erythrocytopenia
    A blood condition with deficiency or decreased number of red blood cells
  77. Cyst/o
    Urinary bladder
  78. Iatrogenic
    Induced in a patient by a physician’s activity, manner or therapy
  79. Diagnosis
    Determination of the nature of a cause of a disease
  80. Biopsy
    Removal and examination of a sample of tissue from a living body for diagnostic purposes
  81. Anoxia
    Lack of oxygen in body tissues
  82. Splenorrhagia
    Hemorrhage from a ruptured spleen
  83. Pituitary
    Gland located at base of brain that produces a number of hormones, including those that regulate growth and reproductive functions
  84. Gingiv/o
    Gum
  85. Radi/o
    Xray
  86. Hypodermic
    Relating to the layer just beneath the epidermis
  87. Multiparous
    Having given birth to more than one child
  88. A histologist studies
    Study of the liver, by studying tissue
  89. Rectocele
    Hernial protrusion of a part of the rectum into the vagina
  90. Stroke
    A sudden severe attack, as a paralysis or sunstroke, CVA
  91. Ophthalmologist
    A physician that specializes in eye care
  92. Remission
    Abatement or subsiding of the symptoms of a disease
  93. Orexia
    Appetite
  94. Osteomalasia spell correctly?
    Osteomalacia
  95. Not malignant
    Benign
  96. Benign tumor of cartilage
    Chondroma
  97. The plural of pleura is pleura? T/F
    False Pleurae
  98. What is the correct accent in the word GASTROTOMY?
    TROT
  99. What is the correct accent in the work ENTEROPATHY?
    ROP
  100. What is the correct accent in the word OPHTHALMOLOGIST?
    MOL
  101. It is useful to read the meaning of medical terms starting from the suffix back to the beginning of the term. T/F
    True
  102. To send back; disappearance of symptoms of disease
    Remission
  103. Pertaining to a condition caused by the hospital environment?
    Nosocomial
  104. Study of tumors, both malignant and benign (not study of cancer)
    Oncology
  105. Angioplasty
    Surgical reconstruction of a blood vessel
  106. Tracheostomy
    Surgical opening from trachea to outside the body
  107. Gastrojejunostomy
    Surgical anastomosis between stomach and jejunum
  108. Nosocomial
    Pertaining to or originating in a hospital
  109. Rhinitis
    Inflammation of nasal mucous membrane
  110. Log/o
    Study of
  111. Hydrotherapy
    Water treatment
  112. -oid
    Resembling
  113. Gnos/o
    Knowledge
  114. Hemiglossectomy
    Surgical removal of half of tongue
  115. Pancytopenia
    A pronounced reduction in all of the formed elements of the blood
  116. New growth?
    Neoplasm or tumor
  117. Neoplasm
    An abnormal growth of tussue; tumor
  118. -emia
    Blood condition
  119. Vesicoureteral reflux
    A backflow of urine from the urinary bladder back into the ureter
  120. Electrocardiogram
    EKG or ECG; a graphic recording of the electrical activity of the heart
  121. -oma
    Tumor
  122. Hepatoma
    Tumor of liver, usually cancerous
  123. Dia-
    Through, complete
  124. Sect/o
    To cut
  125. Hematochezia
    Passing of stools containing blood
  126. Pathological
    Relating to pathology; a study of disease
  127. Aden/o
    Gland
  128. Gastrectomy
    Surgical removal of part or all of the stomach
  129. Carcinogenic
    A cancer-causing substance or agent
  130. Hypertrophy
    Excessive growth of tissue or part resulting from an increase in the size of the cells
  131. Necr/o
    Death
  132. Metamorphosis
    A change in shape or structure; transition from one stage of development to another
  133. Enter/o
    Intestines
  134. Arthralgia
    Severe pain in a joint
  135. PET is the abbreviation for?
    Positron emission tomography
  136. And epithelial cell is a/an?
    Tissue
  137. Underline the accented syllable in the word: HYPERTROPHY?
    PER
  138. What is the correct accent in the word OPTHALMOSCOPE?
    THAL
  139. for most medical terms the combining vowel ‚"A"usually links the root to the suffix or the root to another root. T/F
    False
  140. Adipose means pertaining to?
    Fat cells or tissue
  141. Gastrotomy
    Incision into stomach
  142. Anemia
    Abnormally low number of red blood cells
  143. NPO
    Nothing by mouth
  144. Cholecystolithiasis
    The presence of one or more gallstones in the gall bladder
  145. -stomy
    Opening to form mouth
  146. Unilateral
    Confined to only one side
  147. Hematoma
    An accumulation of clotted blood that develops with an open body space, organ or tissue
  148. Prognosis
    A prediction of the probably course and outcome of a disease
  149. -stenosis
    Tightening stricture, narrowing
  150. Atrophy
    A wasting away; or decrease in size of an organ or tissue
  151. Contraindication
    A factor that renders the administration of a drug or the carrying out of a medical procedure inadvisable
  152. Neuralgia
    Pain in a nerve or along the course of one or more nerves
  153. Colitis
    Inflammation of the colon
  154. Nephrosis
    Disease of kidneys, characterized by purely degenerative lesion of the renal tubules
  155. Femoral
    Relating to femur or thigh
  156. Axillary
    Near the armpit
  157. Hemolysis
    The process of breaking down red blood cells
  158. Endoscope
    Instrument to visually examine colon, bladder or stomach
  159. Intravenous
    Within or administered into a vein
  160. Leukocytes
    White blood cells
  161. -gram
    Record
  162. Electroencephalogram
    EEG, a graphic recording of brain waves
  163. Hypo-
    Below
  164. A person who performs autopsies and reads biopsies?
    Pathologist
  165. Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) occurs when damage to blood vessels in the cerebrum causes injury to nerve cells of the brain. What is another name for this condition?
    Stroke
  166. The substance secreted from mucous membranes?
    Mucus
  167. Which blood cells help fight disease?
    White blood cells
  168. Abdominocentisis spell correctly?
    Abdominocentesis
  169. The root is the foundation of a word; every medical term also includes a suffix and a prefix? T/F
    False
  170. Opposite of proximal?
    Distal
  171. Opposite of ‚-malacia is?
    -sclerosis
  172. Osteitis
    Inflammation of bone
  173. Splenomegaly
    Enlargement of the spleen
  174. Cardiac
    Heart
  175. Mal-
    Bad
  176. Cystoscopy
    Visual examination of the urinary tract with an endoscope or cystoscope
  177. CAT
    Computerized axial tomography
  178. Osteotomy
    Incision or transaction of a bone
  179. -sclerosis
    Hardening
  180. Underline the accented syllable in PERITONEUM?
    NE
  181. the combining vowel is usually dropped before a suffix that begins with a vowel; it is retained between two roots, even if the second root begins with a vowel. T/F
    true
  182. Dr Ghandi felt that Mrs. Epperley's ,condition of thrombocytopenia was a clear ______ to performing elective surgery.
    Analysis
  183. The plural of lumen is lumina? T/F
    True
  184. Underline the accented syllable in CATABOLISM?
    TAB
  185. treat benign prostatic hyperplasia?
    TURP or prostatectomy
  186. When forming the plural of a singular word that ends in ‚"ma", retain the ‚"ma" and add a ‚"ta" making the ending "mata". T/F
    True
  187. Erythrocyte
    Red blood cell
  188. COPD
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  189. Catabolism
    A process of metabolism that breaks down complex substance into simple ones
  190. -plasia
    Development
  191. Amenorrhea
    Absence of menstrual periods
  192. Chondromalacia
    Abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage of the joints, especially of the knee
  193. Pathogenesis
    Development of a disease or morbid condition
  194. Eosinophil
    A type of blood cell containing granules that can be stained by eosin (a chemical that produces a red stain)
  195. Suprathoracic
    Above the upper part of the thorax
  196. Cephalic
    Of or relating to head
  197. Cardiomyopathy
    Disease or disorder of the heart muscle
  198. Pharynx
    Throat
  199. Supine means?
    Lying on back; having the face upward
  200. GERD
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  201. -ptosis
    Falling, drooping, prolapse
  202. -lysis
    Destruction, breakdown
  203. -y
    Process condition
  204. Chemotherapy
    Treatment of disease with chemical treatment
  205. Resection
    Surgical removal of an organ or a structure
  206. Dermatitis
    Inflammation of the skin
  207. SOB
    Shortness of breath
  208. TURP
    Transurethral resection of prostate
  209. Thrombocyte
    Platelet or the smallest cells in blood; formed in red bone marrow
  210. Streptococcus
    Berry-shaped bacterium, grows in twisted chains
  211. Crin/o
    Secrete
  212. Ped/o
    child;foot

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