Women's American History Exam 1

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  1. The 14th Amendment
    • What: defines citizenship; first time the word "male" is used the Constitution
    • Who: Those involved with the suffrage movement, such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, wanted the world male taken out of the amendment.
    • When: it was passed in 1866 and ratified in 1868 during the Reconstruction Era
    • Why: After the Civil War, the slaves were freed and their citizenship came into question
  2. The 15th Amendment
    • Who: Those involved with the suffrage movement, such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, wanted sex included in the Amendment.
    • What: declares that vote cannot be denied based on race
    • When: it was passed in 1868 and Ratified in 1870 during the Reconstruction Era.
    • Why: The freedpeople were being denied their right to vote.
    • Affect: Jim Crow laws and Black Codes still prevented many Freedpeople from voting
  3. National Woman Suffrage Association
    • Who: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony; no male members
    • What: highlights gender, ignores race; more radical; began The Revolution
    • When: began in 1869
    • Why: they wanted to get women the right to vote and have women be treated as equals along side men
  4. New Departure
    • Who: Susan B. Anthony, Victoria Claflin Woodhull, American Woman Suffrage Association, National Women Suffrage Association
    • What: Claim constitutional rights on behalf of women citizens; women=persons so women should have the right to vote; claim the right t=for women to vote is already in the constitution.
    • When:1870's; Recon. era
    • Where: more in the North than in the South
    • Why: there is nothing in the Constitution that say women can't vote; sufrragists wanted equal voting rights for women and in general
  5. Sorosis
    • Who: Jane Cunningham Croly; Emma Willard; Fanny Fern; no men allowed; usually upper middle class
    • What: means "aggregation"; first professional women's club
    • When: March 1868
    • Where: New York City
    • Why: further the educational and social activities of women
  6. Working Women's Association
    • Who: Anthony; middle class perspective leaders; difficult for poor be a part of
    • What: better wages; better working conditions; not being strikebreakers; no glass ceiling
    • When: 1868
    • Where: mostly in the North; NYC area
    • Why: women were used as strikebreakers and were later fired; not paid fairly; bad working conditions
  7. Women's Christian Temperance Movement
    • Who: religious women; women who were leaders at church
    • What: against alcohol; mass prayers; marches on saloon's; women had Coffee Shops
    • When: women activists start in the late 19th century
    • Where: all over the US; Maine=first dry state(1851); Hilsboro, OH; Fredonia, NY
    • Why: women were very involved with the church; moral suasion
  8. "Indian Schools"
    • Who:
    • What:
    • When:
    • Where:
    • Why:
  9. "Plural Marriages"
    • Who: Joesph Smith is the founder of polygamous mormonism
    • What: Men were allowed multiple wives often called sister wives
    • When: 1830 when Smith was visited by Angel Moroni
    • Where: They were first in New York, then Nauvoo, IL, then to Utah
    • Why: After the Reform Movement that was popular along the Erie Canal, Mormonism is the result of religious revivals.
  10. Page Act
    • Who: Horace F. Page(sponsor)
    • What: Bill enacted by Congress to restrict immigration from Asian countries, ecspecially women who were prostitutes.
    • When: March 1875
    • Where: SanFrancisco area
    • Why: To end cheap Chinese labor and immoral Chinese women
  11. 1887 Edmunds-Tucker Act
    • Who: George F. Edmunds and John Randolph Tucker
    • What: The act disincorporated both the Latter-Day Saints Church and the Perpetual Emigration Fund on the grounds that they fostered polygamy.
    • When: 1887 and repealed in 1978
    • Why: to ban polygamy
  12. "Cult of True Womanhood"
    • Who: Barbara Welter; prevailing in upper and middle classes
    • What: Domesticity- a woman's proper sphere is at the home. Piety- Religion was valued because it controlled women's longings. Purity- Frail, virginity was prized, modesty, passionless. Submission- Men seen as superiors, no private ambitions, family anove all else.
    • When: 1820-1860
    • Where: New England and Northeastern U.S.
    • Why: women were supposed to be calm, nurturing, loving and faithful wife, passive, and delicate.
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Women's American History Exam 1
2012-02-24 01:05:36
Women history women

The identification part of the exam.
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