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What was the nature of the trespass of Adam and Eve?
wanting to be like God
What was the core of their sin?
attempting to replace God as the determiner of morality
The penalties of the fall for man and woman
- fear enters the relationship with God: “I heard the sound of thee in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself” (Gn 3:10)
- disruption of the relationship between man and woman – blame and disordered desire
- necessity of hard work
- pain in childbirth for the woman
- death – exclusion from Eden and the tree of life
The penalties for the serpent
- cursed above all animals
- “on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat, all the days of your life” (Gn3:14)
Definition of Sin
humanity’s rejection of God, opposition to him (Catechism 386), offense against God, and a rupture of communion with him” (Catechism 1440)
Definition of the Fall
the sin committed at mankind’s origins (Catechism 387)
Definition of Original Sin
The state of sin in which mankind has been held captive since the Fall
Definition of Concupiscence
the tendency to sin that is now part of our nature: the disordered desire for things of the world which is rooted in the bodily senses
What is Protoevangelium?
Greek for “first Gospel”; this is the announcement of a future Redeemer to Adam and Eve after their Fall (see Catechism 389)
“I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel” (Gn 3:15)
In the Latin Vulgate: “she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel”
How is Christ the New Adam?
- “For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Cor 15:22)
- “The first man Adam became a living being"; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit” (1 Cor 15:44)
How is Mary the New Eve?
Mary is obedient where Eve was disobedient: “Consequently, then, Mary the Virgin is found to be obedient, saying: ‘Behold, O Lord, your handmaid; be it done to me according to your word.’ Eve, however, was disobedient; and when yet a virgin, she did not obey.... having become disobedient, was made the cause of death for herself and for the whole human race; so also Mary, betrothed to a man but nevertheless still a virgin, being obedient, was made the cause of salvation for herself and for the whole human race.... Thus, the knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary. What the virgin Eve had bound in unbelief, the Virgin Mary loosed through faith.” (Irenaeus of Lyons, Against Heresies III.22.4)
Who was Cain and what did he offer?
He was a farmer who offers of fruit from the ground.
Who was Abel and what did he offer?
He was a shepherd who offers a lamb from the flock and also himself. He offers a righteous sacrifice.
What does the blood of Abel prefigure?
The blood of Christ
Who are the sons of Adam?
Cain, Abel, Seth, and "other sons and daughters" (Gn 5:4)
What was the name of the city built by Cain?
Enoch, after the name of his own son
Who introduces bigamy or polygamy?
Lamech, who has two wives
Who is a descendant of Seth who walked with God?
Whom did Noah descend from?
“When men began to multiply on the face of the ground, and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair; and they took to wife such of them as they chose” (Gn 6:1-2).
Who, according to Augustine, are the sons of God and the daughters of men? What does this passage imply?
- The sons of God are the descendants of Seth who worshipped God.
- The daughters of men are the descendants of Cain.
- This passage implies entanglements in sin and polygamy among all men.