RNSG 1130 MOD 4 terms

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RNSG 1130 MOD 4 terms
2012-03-13 08:39:46

RNSG 1130 MOD 4 terms
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  1. Psychopharmacology
    The formal studyof drugs specifically developed to treat psychiatric disorders
  2. Psychotripic Medications
    drugs used primarily for psychiatric conditions and approved for other conditions but also used in psychiatry
  3. Loss of efficacy
    "medications just stop working"
  4. Maximum efficacy
    refers to the greatest effect that a drug can produce
  5. Tardive dyskinesia
    The most severe side effect of long term use of neuroleptics, is ofter irreversible and severely disabling.
  6. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
    • A movement disorder that accompanies high potency typical antipsychotics. It is the most serious and potentially fatal.
    • Characterized by: severe muscle rigidity, altered consciousness, disorientation, dysphagia, elevated creatine phosphokinase, stupor, catatonia, hyperpyrexia, and labile pulse an dblood pressure.
    • Can occur after 1 dose, but is most common in the 1st 2 weeks of administration or with an increased dose.
  7. Target Symptoms
    the specific problems that a medication aims to alter.
  8. Polypharmacology
    The use of two or more psychotropic drugs, two or more drugs of the same chemical class, or two or more drugs with the same or similar pharmacologic actions to treat different conditions.
  9. Anger
    An emotional response to percieved frustration, shame, or humiliation.
  10. Aggression
    Intentional behavior witht he potential to cause destruction or harm; it may manifest as verbal threats or attacks, negative use of objects, or phusical assualts on known people, strangers or self.
  11. Dangerousness
    Behaviors that carry a high risk of harm or injury to self or others.
  12. Impulsivity
    A symptom of an underlying brain disorder or a pervasive personality trait, includes actions performed with little or no regard for consequences.
  13. Restraint
    Any manual method or physical or mechanical device, material, or equipment attached to a person's body that restricts freedom of movement or normal access to one's body
  14. Seclusion
    The involuntary confinement of a person ina hazard-free room or area that is locked and where the person can be directly observed
  15. Violence
    Threatened or actual physical foce by one person or group against another. It may be criminal or noncriminal, but violence causes or is likely to result in psychological or phusical injury or death
  16. Intimate partner violence
    Current or former spouses or nonmarital partners (dating or same sex). Violent acts include physical and sexual violence, as well as threats and psychological-emotional abuse
  17. Maltreatment
    • behavior toward another person thas is (1) outside the norms of conduct and (2) involves a significant risk of physical or emotional harm divided into 4 overlaping categories.
    • 1. Phyiscal Abuse
    • 2. Sexual Abuse
    • 3. Neglect
    • 4. Emotional maltreatment
  18. Elder Abuse
    mistreatment of older adults
  19. Sexual Assault
    forced or coerced sexual acts on a nonconsenting person
  20. Statutory rape
    Rape of a minor (age varies among states)

    CONSENT IS NOT AN ISSUE; minors are considered incapable of giving consent because of their vurnerability and dependence on adults or older peers