Chapter 2 Phlebotomy Study Guide

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Chapter 2 Phlebotomy Study Guide
2012-02-23 16:03:35
Phlebotomy Clinical Laboratory Review

Phlebotomy Chapter 2 Study Guide Questions
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  1. The laboratory employee with a 2-year degree who performs clinical testing is the
    -clinical laboratory scientist
    -medical laboratory technician
    -medical technologist
    medical laboratory technician
  2. The laboratory employee who prepares surgical specimen samples for microscopic examination is the
    -clinical laboratory technician
  3. The primary liaison between the medical staff and the laboratory staff is the
    -laboratory manager
    -section supervisor
  4. The specialist in the study of disease of tissues and organs through biopsies is a(an)
  5. In a typical laboratory organizational chart, the person above the supervisor is the
    -laboratory manager
    -medical technologist
    -medical laboratory technician
    laboratory manager
  6. The phlebotomist asked a nurse to identify a patient without a wrist ID band. The nurse said she did not have time. The next person in the chain of command the phlebotomist should report to is the
    -hospital administrator
    -phlebotomy supervisor
    -patient's physician
    phlebotomy supervisor
  7. The two major areas of the clinical laboratory are
    -chemistry and hematology
    -cytology and histology
    -anatomical and clinical
    -urinalysis and microbiology
    -anatomical and clinical
  8. Mycology is the study of
  9. A cardiac risk profile is performed in
  10. The laboratory department responsible for frozen sections is
  11. Pap smears are analyzed by
    -medical laboratory technicians
    -medical technologists
  12. The difference between plasma and serum is that
    -serum contains fibrinogen
    -serum is obtained from a nonclotted specimen
    -plasma is obtained from a clootted specimen
    -plasma contains fibrinogen
    plasma contains fibrinogen
  13. To prevent blood from clotting the specimen must be
    -collected in a tube containing an anticoagulant
    -inverted right after collection
    -centrifuged right after collection
    -both A and B
    • both A and B
    • -collected in a tube containing anticoagulant
    • -inverted right after collection
  14. Which of the following pairings is wrong
    -icteric and yellow
    -lipemic and cloudy
    -hemolyzed and red
    -fasting and cloudy
    fasting and cloudy
  15. The main anticoagulant for coagulation studies is
    -ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)
    -sodium citrate
    sodium citrate
  16. Types of specimens collected for urinalysis include all of the following except
    -first morning
  17. Each of the following is a component of the complete blood count (CBC) except
    -white blood cell count
    -sedimentation rate
    sedimentation rate
  18. The routine urinalysis consists of all of the following except
    -physical examination
    -culture and sensitivity
    -reagent strip testing
    -microscopic examination
    culture and sensitivity
  19. The direct antiglobulin test is performed in
    -blood bank
    blood bank
  20. ABO and Rh typing are performed in which laboratory section?
    -Blood bank
    Blood bank
  21. The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test is performed in
  22. Electrophoresis is performed in
  23. People with diabetes mellitus are monitored using blood tests for glucose and
    -hemoglobin A1C
    -uric acid
    hemoglobin A1C
  24. Tests associated with pancreatitis are
    -calcium and phosphorus
    -blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and glucose
    -bilirubin and ammonia
    -amylase and lipase
    amylase and lipase
  25. Which test would a physician order on a patient with a suspected infection?
    -Complete blood count (CBC)
    -Antinuclear antibody (ANA)
    Complete blood count (CBC)
  26. A chemistry test to evaluate kidney function would be the
    -complete blood count (CBC)
    -glucose tolerance test (GTT)
    -blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    -creatine kinase (CK) or creatine phosphokinase (CPK)
    blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  27. A test that monitors an antidepressant medication is
    -creatine kinase (CK) or creatine phosphokinase (CPK)
    -bloody urea nitrogen (BUN)
    -alanine transaminase (ALT)
  28. An anemia would be detected by a
    -glucose test
    -blood culture
    -complete blood count
    complete blood count
  29. Sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), and carbon dioxide (CO2) are components of the test called
    -glucose tolerance
    -liver profile
    -cardiac profile
  30. Choose the hematology test that might be ordered to give additional information to the physician caring for a patient with anemia. The patient has already had hemoglobin and hematocrit tests done, separately and as part of a complete blood count.
    -Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
    -Reticulocyte (Retic) count
    -Eosinophil count
    Reticulocyte (Retic) count
  31. Choose the coagulation test that is used to monitor patients receiving Coumadin therapy
    -Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)
    -Bleeding time (BT)
    -Prothrombin Time (PT)
    -Platelet aggregation
    Prothrombin Time (PT)
  32. Choose the chemistry test that is used to dtermine the acidity, alkalinity, oxygen, and carbon dioxide levels of the blood.
    -Arterial blood gases (ABGs)
    Arterial blood gases (ABGs)
  33. Choose the serology or immunology test that is used to recognize infectious mononucleosis.
    -Antistreptolysin O (ASO) titer
    -Cold agglutinins
    -Antinuclear antibody (ANA)
  34. True/False
    A laboratory manager must have specialist certification.
  35. True/False
    The serology section is also called immunology.
  36. True/False
    The liquid portion of a specimen collected in a tube containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) is serum.
  37. Activated partial thromboplastin time is performed in what section
  38. Gram stain is performed in what section
  39. Rapid plasma reagin (RPR) is performed in what section
  40. Antibody screen is performed in what section
    Blood bank
  41. Lead test is performed in what section
  42. Monospot test is performed in what section
  43. Lithium test is performed in what section
  44. D-dimer test is performed in what section
  45. Sickledex test is performed in what section
  46. Antibody screen test is performed in what section
    Blood bank
  47. The 7 Clinical Laboratories plus Phlebotomy
    • Hematology
    • Coagulation
    • Chemistry
    • Blood bank
    • Serology (Immunology)
    • Microbiology
    • Urinalysis
  48. Tests in a complete blood count (CBC)
    • Differential (Diff)
    • Hematocrit (Hct)
    • Hemoglobin (Hgb)
    • Platelet (PLT) count
    • Red blood cell (RBC)count
    • White blood cell (WBC) count
  49. Tests performed in the Coagulation Section
    • Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT [PTT])
    • Prothrombin time (PT) and international normalized ratio (INR)
  50. Tests Performed in the Chemistry Section and Disease Panels
    • Electrolytes (CO2, Cl, Na, K)
    • Glucose
    • Triglycerides
    • Hepatic panel
    • Renal panel
  51. Tests performed in the Blood Bank Section
    • Group and type
    • Type and crossmatch (T & C)
    • Type and screen
  52. Tests performed in the Serology (Immunology) Section
    • Anti-IV
    • Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
    • Monospot
  53. Tests performed in the Microbiology Section
    Culture and sensitivity (C & S)
  54. Tests performed in Urinalysis
    • Specific gravity (SG)
    • Glucose
  55. What is a specific gravity (SG) test
    Measures the concentration of urine
  56. What is the Epstein Barr Virus
  57. What is the human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test
    Test to find the hormone found in the urine and serum during pregnancy
  58. What is Group and Type?
    ABO and Rh typing
  59. What is Type and Crossmatch (T & C)
    ABO, Rh typing, and compatibility test
  60. What is Type and screen?
    ABO, Rh typing, and antibody screen
  61. What is a Triglyceride test?
    • Used to assess coronary risk
    • (Chemistry)
  62. What is an electrolyte test?
    • Evaluate body fluid balance
    • (Chemistry)
  63. What is a Differential (Diff) test?
    Determines the percentage of the different types of white blood cells
  64. What is the hemoglobin test?
    Determines the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells
  65. What is the hematocrit test?
    Determines the volume of red blood cells packed by centrifugation
  66. What color stopper is used in Hematology?
  67. What color stopper is used in Coagulation?
    light blue
  68. What is the most common anticoagulant used in Hematology?
    ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)
  69. What is the most common anticoagulant used in Coagulation?
    sodium citrate
  70. What are some stopper tube colors used in the blood bank?
    • lavendar
    • pink
    • red