Card Set Information
Who is Theodosius dobzansky
proposed that nothing made sense in biology
What is Evolution?
Change in properties of groups of organisms over the course of generations. Individuals dont evolve put populations do
group of interbreeding organisms of the same species
What happens with the use of antibiotics?
Bacteria evolve and become resistant to them
Who is Darwin?
A naturalist, not the first scientist to challenge religious or mythical explanations
Who is anazimander?
Interested in cosmologist and geologists, first one to explain the world, using non religion explanations. Pre socratic
Who is aristotle?
post socratic, used natural science
Who is copernicus?
15th century astronomer and mathmatician, explained physical world in a public way
what did issac newton do?
physician, math. astron, proved the heliocentric model
Who is Gailelo ?
16th century italian astronomer, challenged biblical order of the universe.
What is geocentric?
earth is at the center of the universe, sun revolves around the earth and so do the planets
What is helocentric
The sun is at the center and everything rotates around it
What did lamark do?
proposed theory of inheritance of aquired characters, using non divine mechanisms. evolution by natural causes
What is inheritance of aquired characteristics?
where individuals of a species change during there lifetime and passed on their transformed properties to their offspring
ex giraffe born with short neck and over time stretched there neck and therefore now have long necks
how is a species affected by different rates of change?
As a species evolves earlier they tend to be more complex than a lineage that takes longer to evolve
Who is Lyell?
Attempted to explain uniformitarianism? to explain how marine mammals would be found high up on mountains
What is uniformitarianism?
when slow natural processes have shaped and is still shaping the earth. explains why marine fauna are found high up on mountains. Slow action of observable phenomenom.
Who is wallace?
Proposed theory of natural selection. before darwin. noticed that animals in australia and papa new guinea looked similar.
What is wallaces line?
Show where animals change due to religion.
Who is darwin?
Made voyage on beagle in 1830. used Lyells idea of slow processes can change surface over time. Found marine fossils in the andes mountains
What is descent with modification ?
Shows common ancestors from lineages of creatures that have evolved over time
Who is Malthus?
In principles of population that sooner or later the human population growth would be limited resources thus increased mortality
how well an organisms is in a particular environment
Blue footed booby
dependence on how they do in their environment, would be increased fitness
in nature there are too many offspring that all cannot survive.
frog produces millions of eggs and only certain ones live
Coat color of mice