The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
Polictics comes from the Greek word _____?
"Polis" meaning "City State"
What are the three disciplines of Political Science?
- 1. Judicial
- 2. Executive
- 3. Legeslative
What part of the policical system is the law making body of the State?
What part of the policical system contains the Chief Executive?
What part of the policical system covers the interpretation, administration and enforcement of the laws of the land?
Who wrote "man by nature is a political animal"?
Aristotle (Greek Philosepher)
What did Aristotle say about man in relation to politics?
Man by nature is a political animal
Who is part of the Judicial section?
Who is part of the Executive section?
President (Chief Executive)
Who is part of the Legeslative section?
Congress & Senate
How many times is a law read by the Congress and Senate?
Three times each
After a law is approved and read by the Congress and Senate where does it go next?
To the President in the Executive
After a law is approved by the Congress, Senate & the President where does it go for enforcement?
The Judicial system (Supreme Courts)
What is Political Science?
Political science is a social science discipline concerned with the study of the state, government and politics.
What is a State?
A body of people politically organized under one government.
What are the 5 theories on the origin of the State?
- 1. Divine
- 2. Popular Sovernignty
- 3. Force
- 4. Natural
- 5. Patriarchal
What is the Divine theory?
The state was established through the creation of man and its subsequent propagation.
What is Popular Sovernighty theory?
It's a social contract among the people and to be governed by a representative of their own choosing.
What is Force theory?
The result of might and conquest through superior military supremacy.
What is Natural theory?
Man by nature is a political animal.
What is Patriarchal theory?
Domination of man over women.
Which theory covers "man by nature is a political animal"?
What theory covers "domination of man over women"?
What theory is a result of might and conquest through superior military supremacy?
What theory is through a social contract among the poeple to be governed by a representative of their choosing?
Popular Sovernignty Theory
What theory believeds that the state was established through the creation of man and its subsequent propagation?
What is "Nation"?
That group, large or small of people occupying definite portion of territory and having a common languare, literature, customes and traditions, common history & national aspirations.
What is "State"?
A body of people politically organized under one government within a difinite territory.
What is Homogeneous?
One race such as in Japan
What is Heterogenous?
Many races suches in the U.S.
What are the elements of the State?
- 1. People
- 2. Territory
- 3. Government
- 4. Soveregnty
How can a state increase its territroy?
- 1. Discovery
- 2. Conquest
- 3. Accretion - increase by natural or artificial ways
- 4. Cession - as a gift, exchange or purchase
- 5. Prescription - aquired through lapse of time
In what ways can the richness or greatness of a state be considered?
- 1. Geography
- 2. Resources
- 3. Government
Which is permanent a State or Government?
Which is temproary, a State or Government?
What is Soverignty?
It denotes the supreme and legal authority above and beyond by which a state is governed.
What is the two dimensions of Supremacy?
Who is Jean Bodin?
French Philosepher (Father of the modern theory of soverignty)
What are the charactistics of sovereignty?
- 1. Perpetual
- 2. Comprehensivness
- 3. Exclusiveness
- 4. Absolutism
- 5. Inalienability
- 6. Unity
What charactistic of sovereignty continues without interuption?
What charactistic of sovereignty says that within the state, there is no other power that possesses equal or superior authority to it?
What charactistic of sovereignty says that power extends over all persons, associations, and things within such territorial limits?
Which charactistic of sovereignty is inalienable and non-transferable?
What charactistic of sovereignty says it is absolute adn belongs to the State?
What charactistic of sovereignty says it stands alone as the supreme power of the State & there can be no other power to suppress it?