Nur 104

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Nur 104
2012-02-24 00:19:49
Unit Terms

Hematologic chap 15 & 16
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  1. hemolysis
    destruction of red blood cells
  2. iatrogenic
    blood disorders that are brought on by medical treatment
  3. dyscrasias
    imbalance in numbers of types of cells
  4. leukopenia
    decreased number ow white blood cells
  5. aplastic anemia
    deficient cell production due to a bone marrow disorder
  6. thrombocytopenia
    too few platelets
  7. agranulocytosis
    decrease in granulocyte production
  8. hematocrit
    a test that measures the volume of blood cells in relation to the volume of plasma
  9. polycythemia
    excess number of red blood cells
  10. Jaundice
    yellowing discoloration of the skin and sclera of the eyes as a result of excessive destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis). When red blood cells are ruptured, biliruibn is released. The pigment enters the blood stream causing jaundice.
  11. gingivitis
    bleeding of the gums
  12. petechiae
    bruises, small, red pinpoint lesions - typical of thrombocytopenic purpura
  13. hemarthrosis
    bleeding into the joints
  14. Anemia
    a state in which there are insufficient numbers of funcitoning RBC's or lack of hemoglobin.
  15. hypovolemia
    decreased volume of circulating blood.
  16. hemolysis
    destruction of red blood cells
  17. splenomegaly
    enlarged spleen
  18. Leukapheresis
    separation of white cells
  19. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  20. Thrombocytopenia
    decreased platelet count - less that 150,000/mm3
  21. purpura
    small areas of multiple petechiae in the skin and mucous membranes