study of how speech sounds are produced, perceived, and their physical manifestation
attempt to understand study of sound system of particular language, inventory of sound, permissible arrangement of sound, rules for adding, deleting, changing, or re-ordering sound
Segment (or phone)
primary place of articulation. consonants articulated with the glottis
a normal pulmonic airstream is interrupted by closure of the glottis
one or both lips are the active articulator
secondary articulatory feature of sounds in some languages. Labialized sounds involve the lips while the remainder of the oral cavity produces another sound
primary place of articulation. consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate.
(coarticulation). a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant
An articulation where the constriction is not so narrow, or is not of sufficient duration, as to cause an appreciable rise in air pressure inside the vocal tract. Vowels, nasals, approximants, taps, flaps, and trills
A sound that is produced with a constriction narrow enough to cause an appreciable rise in air pressure inside the vocal tract.