Phonological Midterm

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Author:
kiryuu
ID:
137345
Filename:
Phonological Midterm
Updated:
2012-02-24 06:57:13
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Phonological Midterm Interacting Processes
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Description:
Interacting Processes (Chapter 5)
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  1. Assimilation
    process whereby one segment becomes more like a neighboring segment
  2. Dissimilation
    process whereby one segment becomes less like a neighboring sound
  3. Epenthesis
    insertion of segments in middle of word
  4. Prothesis
    insertion of segments in beginning of word
  5. Pargoge
    insertion of segments in end of word
  6. Apocope
    delete segment at end of word
  7. Syncope
    delete segment in middle of word
  8. Metathesis
    permute or interchange segments
  9. Coalescence
    merging of two or more phonological segments into one
  10. Breaking (diphthongization)
    the change of a monophthong into a diphthong
  11. Vowel reduction
    a reduction of the number of distinct vowels, rather than their quality, either over time or when comparing related dialects
  12. Feeding
    Given A and B, initially only one of them (A) could apply, A applies first; representation is then changed in some way that B becomes applicable. R1 creates environment for R2 to apply to.
  13. Counter-feeding
    B (which initially could not apply) is ordered first and nothing happens; A then applies. R1 applies too late to create environment for R2.
  14. Bleeding
    Given A and B, both could apply initially; A applies first; representation is changed in some way such that B cannot apply. R1 destroys environment for R2 to apply to.
  15. Counter-bleeding
    B (which initially had the potential to apply) is ordered first and applies; A then applies next. R1 applies too late to destroy environment for R2.

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