01 Study Guide

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NursyDaisy
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137368
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01 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 23:30:12
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Pathophyiology
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Cellular Biology
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  1. Which are principal parts of a eukaryotic cell?
    A. protoplasm and nucleus
    B. organelles
    C. phospholipids and protein
    D. minerals and water
    E. fat, carbohydrate, and protein
    B. organelles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The cell membrane is described as a fluid mosaic. Proteins have a degree of mobility within the lipid bilayer.
    a. The first sentence is true.
    b. The first sentence is false.
    c. The second sentence is true.
    d. The second sentence is false.
    e. The second sentence is relevant to the first.
    f. The second sentence is irrelevant to the first.
    • a. The first sentence is true.
    • c. The second sentence is true.
    • e. The second sentence is relevant to the first.
  3. Which particle can penetrate cell membranes most easily?
    A. lipid soluble, transport protein present
    B. neutral charge, water soluble
    C. smaller, water soluble
    D. uncharged, larger
    A. lipid soluble, transport protein present
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. For a cell to engage in active transport processes, it requires:
    a. mitochondria.
    b. appropriate fuel.
    c. ATP.
    d. enzymes.
    e. All of the above are correct
    e. All of the above are correct.
  5. Which is inconsistent with the others?
    A. osmosis
    B. phagocytosis
    C. diffusion
    D. facilitated diffusion
    E. filtration
    B. phagocytosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which can transport substances uphill against the concentration gradient?
    A. osmosis
    B. facilitated diffusion
    C. dialysis
    D. active transport
    e. None of the above is correct
    D. active transport
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Caveolae:
    a. serve as repositories for some receptor cells.
    b. provide a route for transport into a cell.
    c. relay signals into cells.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  8. Which statement is true for cytoplasm?
    A. It provides support for organelles.
    B. It is located outside the nucleus.
    C. a and b
    D. It is mostly water.
    E. a, b, and c
    E. a, b, and c are correct. (a. It is located outside the nucleus. b. It provides support for organelles. c. It is mostly water.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Anaphase
    A. chromatid pair alignment
    B. "generation plant" for ATP
    C. daughter nuclei
    D. within the nucleus, stored RNA
    E. compartmentalizes cellular activity
    F. 75% to 90% H2O, lipids, and proteins
    G. chromatid migration
    H. centriole migration
    I. protein synthesis site
    J. single strand of DNA, nondividing cell
    G. chromatid migration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Chromatin
    A. chromatid pair alignment
    B. 75% to 90% H2O, lipids, and proteins
    C. within the nucleus, stored RNA
    D. compartmentalizes cellular activity
    E. "generation plant" for ATP
    F. single strand of DNA, nondividing cell
    G. daughter nuclei
    H. protein synthesis site
    I. centriole migration
    J. chromatid migration
    F. single strand of DNA, nondividing cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Metaphase
    A. within the nucleus, stored RNA
    B. "generation plant" for ATP
    C. compartmentalizes cellular activity
    D. chromatid migration
    E. 75% to 90% H2O, lipids, and proteins
    F. protein synthesis site
    G. centriole migration
    H. single strand of DNA, nondividing cell
    I. daughter nuclei
    J. chromatid pair alignment
    J. chromatid pair alignment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Mitochondria
    A. 75% to 90% H2O, lipids, and proteins
    B. "generation plant" for ATP
    C. single strand of DNA, nondividing cell
    D. chromatid pair alignment
    E. protein synthesis site
    F. within the nucleus, stored RNA
    G. compartmentalizes cellular activity
    H. daughter nuclei
    I. centriole migration
    J. chromatid migration
    B. "generation plant" for ATP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Prophase
    A. centriole migration
    B. chromatid pair alignment
    C. single strand of DNA, nondividing cell
    D. protein synthesis site
    E. chromatid migration
    F. within the nucleus, stored RNA
    G. daughter nuclei
    H. "generation plant" for ATP
    I. 75% to 90% H2O, lipids, and proteins
    J. compartmentalizes cellular activity
    A. centriole migration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Ribosome
    A. 75% to 90% H2O, lipids, and proteins
    B. within the nucleus, stored RNA
    C. centriole migration
    D. single strand of DNA, nondividing cell
    E. "generation plant" for ATP
    F. protein synthesis site
    G. compartmentalizes cellular activity
    H. chromatid pair alignment
    I. chromatid migration
    J. daughter nuclei
    F. protein syntehsis site
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The retinoblastoma (Rb) protein:
    A. binds to gene regulatory proteins.
    B. a and c
    C. slows cell proliferation.
    D. is a brake on the progress of the cell cycle.
    E. a, b, and c
    E. a, b, and c (a. is a brake on the progress of the cell cycle. b. binds to gene regulatory proteins. c. slows cell proliferation.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. A major function of connective tissue is:
    A. to form glands.
    B. support and binding.
    C. movement.
    D. covering and lining.
    E. to conduct nerve impulses
    B. support and binding.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which are characteristic of epithelial tissue?
    a. elasticity
    b. protection
    c. fills spaces between organs
    d. secretion
    • b. protection
    • d. secretion
  18. Lining of the kidney tubules
    A. simple columnar, ciliated
    B. stratified squamous
    C. transitional
    D. simple squamous
    E. simple cuboidal
    E. simple cuboidal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Lining of the upper respiratory tracts
    A. simple cuboidal
    B. simple columnar, ciliated
    C. transitional
    D. stratified squamous
    E. simple squamous
    B. simple columnar, ciliated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Signaling molecules cause all of the following except:
    A. arrest of cellular growth.
    B. acceleration/initiative of intracellular protein kinases.
    C. conversion of an intracellular signal into an extracellular response.
    D. apoptosis.
    C. conversion of an intracellular signal into an extracellular response.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Ligands that bind with membrane receptors include which of the following?
    a. hormones
    b. antigens
    c. neurotransmitters
    d. drugs
    e. infectious agents
    • a. hormones
    • b. antigens
    • c. neurotransmitters
    • d. drugs
    • e. infectious agents
  22. The produces from the metabolism of glucose include which of the following?
    a. kilocalories
    b. CO2
    c. H2O
    d. ATP
    • a. kilocalories
    • b. CO2
    • c. H2O
    • d. ATP
  23. Identify the correct sequence of events for initiation and conduction of a nerve impulse.
    1. Sodium moves inside.
    2. Potassium leaves cell.
    3. Sodium permeability changes.
    4. Resting potential is reestablished.
    5. Potassium permeability changes.
    A. 5, 2, 3, 1, 4
    B. 4, 5, 2, 3, 1
    C. 3, 1, 5, 2, 4
    D. 1, 3, 2, 5, 4
    C. 3, 1, 5, 2, 4
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Increased cytoplasmic calcium:
    A. decreases permeability at the junctional complex.
    B. causes one cell to adhere to another.
    C. increases permeability at the junctional complex.
    d. None of the above is correct.
    A. decreases permeability at the junctional complex.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Cell junctions:
    A. Both a and c are correct.
    B. are an impermeable part of the plasma membrane.
    C. hold cells together.
    D. coordinate activities of cells within tissues.
    E. Both b and c are correct.
    A. Both a and c are correct. (a. coordinate activities of cells within tissues. c. hold cells together.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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