08 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137375
Filename:
08 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 22:35:07
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Stress and Disease
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  1. IL-1
    A. suppressed by chronic stress
    B. released from mast cells, vasoactive
    C. relieves pain
    D. stimulated the perception of pain
    E. secreted by the anterior pituitary
    F. antistress properties
    G. causes immunosuppression
    H. produced by macrophages; stimulates release of CRF
    H. produced by macrophages; stimulates release of CRF
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Oxytocin
    A. released from mast cells, vasoactive
    B. suppressed by chronic stress
    C. secreted by the anterior pituitary
    D. antistress properties
    E. produced by macrophages; stimulates release of CRF
    F. stimulated the perception of pain
    G. relieves pain
    H. causes immunosuppression
    D. antistress properties
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Somatotropin
    A. released from mast cells, vasoactive
    B. relieves pain
    C. antistress properties
    D. secreted by the anterior pituitary
    E. stimulated the perception of pain
    F. suppressed by chronic stress
    G. produced by macrophages; stimulates release of CRF
    H. causes immunosuppression
    H. causes immunosuppression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Testosterone
    A. released from mast cells, vasoactive
    B. suppressed by chronic stress
    C. secreted by the anterior pituitary
    D. stimulated the perception of pain
    E. relieves pain
    F. produced by macrophages; stimulates release of CRF
    G. antistress properties
    H. causes immunosuppression
    B. suppressed by chronic stress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Endorphin
    A. relieves pain
    B. suppressed by chronic stress
    C. causes immunosuppression
    D. stimulated the perception of pain
    E. produced by macrophages; stimulates release of CRF
    F. secreted by the anterior pituitary
    G. released from mast cells, vasoactive
    H. antistress properties
    A. relieves pain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which is not a characteristic of Selye's stress syndrome?
    A. shrinkage of lymphatic organs
    B. bleeding gastrointestinal ulcers
    C. shrinkage of the thymus
    D. adrenal atrophy
    D. adrenal atrophy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which characterizes the alarm stage?
    A. increased lymphocytes
    B. increased parasympathetic activity
    C. increased eosinophils
    D. increased sympathetic activity
    D. increased sympathetic activity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Glucocorticoids would be highest during the stage of:
    A. resistance.
    B. alarm.
    C. exhaustion.
    A. resistance.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which is a correct sequence for Selye's hypothesis for stress?
    A. increased ACTH secretion, alarm
    B. increased secretion of epinephrine, increased ACTH in the blood
    C. stimulation of the sympathetic centers, alarm
    D. increased ACTH in the blood, hypertrophy of the adrenal cortex
    D. increased ACTH in the blood, hypertrophy of the adrenal cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. CRF is released by the:
    A. adrenal cortex.
    B. adrenal medulla.
    C. anterior pituitary.
    D. hypothalamus.
    D. hypothalamus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Stress may be defined as any factor that stimulates the:
    A. anterior pituitary.
    B. posterior pituitary.
    C. hypothalamus to release ADH.
    D. hypothalamus to release CRF.
    D. hypothalamus to release CRF.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which statement is not true?
    A. Stressors differ in different individuals and in one individual at different times.
    B. Stressors are extreme stimuli.
    C. The emotions of fear, anxiety, and grief can act as stressors.
    D. Stressors are the same for all individuals.
    D. Stressors are the same for all individuals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What determines which stimuli are stressors for an individual?
    a. heredity
    b. past experience
    c. diet
    d. All of the above are correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  14. Which statement is not true?
    A. Identical psychologic stressors do not induce identical physiologic responses.
    B. Generally, psychologic stress is independent of physiologic stress.
    C. For any one individual, adaptive responses are selective and counteract specific body changes.
    D. Physiologic stress is usually accompanied by some degree of psychologic stress.
    B. Generally, psychologic stress is independent of physiologic stress.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The production of cortisol in response to stress can be initiated by the:
    A. hypothalamus, sympathetic nerve fibers, and adrenal cortex.
    B. hypothalamus, posterior pituitary, and adrenal cortex.
    C. hypothalamus, sympathetic nerve fibers, and adrenal medulla.
    D. hypothalamus, anterior pituitary, and adrenal cortex.
    D. hypothalamus, anterior pituitary, and adrenal cortex.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Cortisol:
    A. increases protein catabolism.
    B. increases allergic reactions.
    C. increases immune response.
    D. decreases blood sugar.
    A. increases protein catabolism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which would not occur in response to stress?
    A. increased adrenocorticoids
    B. constriction of the pupils
    C. increased systolic blood pressure.
    D. increased epinephrine
    B. constriction of the pupils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which would not be useful to assess stress?
    A. lymphocyte count
    B. eosinophil count
    C. total blood cholesterol
    D. adrenocorticoid levels
    C. total blood cholesterol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. In response to stress, the adrenal cortex secretes:
    A. norepinephrine and cortisol.
    B. norepinephrine and aldosterone
    C. norepinephrine.
    D. cortisol and aldosterone
    D. cortisol and aldosterone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Severe stress results in all of the following except:
    A. changes in breathing patterns.
    B. increased heart rate.
    C. a rise in epinephrine levels.
    D. an overactive immune system.
    D. an overactive immune system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Corticoids
    A. high resistance to stressor
    B. glucocorticoids return to normal
    C. secreted by adrenal cortex
    D. impaired immune response
    E. triggers sympathetic nervous system
    F. bodily changes initiated by stress
    G. sympathetic activity returns to normal
    H. stimulates the release of CRF
    I. Selye's changes seen in stress
    C. secreted by adrenal cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Stressors
    A. high resistance to stressor
    B. glucocorticoids return to normal
    C. Selye's changes seen in stress
    D. secreted by adrenal cortex
    E. bodily changes initiated by stress
    F. triggers sympathetic nervous system
    G. impaired immune response
    H. stimulates the release of CRF
    I. sympathetic activity returns to normal
    H. stimulates the release of CRF
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Stress response
    A. high resistance to stressor
    B. impaired immune response
    C. stimulates the release of CRF
    D. secreted by adrenal cortex
    E. triggers sympathetic nervous system
    F. bodily changes initiated by stress
    G. sympathetic activity returns to normal
    H. Selye's changes seen in stress
    I. glucocorticoids return to normal
    F. bodily changes initiated by stress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Exhaustion stage
    A. secreted by adrenal cortex
    B. triggers sympathetic nervous system
    C. stimulates the release of CRF
    D. Selye's changes seen in stress
    E. glucocorticoids return to normal
    F. impaired immune response
    G. bodily changes initiated by stress
    H. high resistance to stressor
    I. sympathetic activity returns to normal
    F. impaired immune response
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Alarm stage
    A. Selye's changes seen in stress
    B. stimulates the release of CRF
    C. triggers sympathetic nervous system
    D. impaired immune response
    E. sympathetic activity returns to normal
    F. secreted by adrenal cortex
    G. bodily changes initiated by stress
    H. glucocorticoids return to normal
    I. high resistance to stressor
    C. triggers sympathetic nervous system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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