10 Study Guide

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NursyDaisy
ID:
137377
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10 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 22:19:13
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Cancer Epidemiology, Manifestations, and Treatment
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  1. Likely causes for the fatigue observed in individuals with cancer include:
    a. biochemical changes because of treatment.
    b. muscle loss.
    c. psychologic factors.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    e. Both a and c are correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  2. The pain experienced with cancer:
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. results from tissue necrosis.
    C. Both b and c are correct.
    D. occurs in bone metastasis.
    E. affects the individual in the early stages of malignancy.
    C. Both b and c are correct. (b. occurs in bone metastasis. c. results from tissue necrosis.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The anorexia or loss of appetite seen in the syndrome cancer cachexia may occur because of:
    A. hypoproteinemia.
    B. late satiety.
    C. altered blood serum levels of glucose and amino acids.
    D. hyperinsulinism.
    C. altered blood serum levels of glucose and amino acids.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The anemia associated with malignancy can be:
    a. The result of depletion of hemoglobin building blocks.
    b. severe in the majority of cases.
    c. caused by destruction of bone marrow.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    e. Both a and c are correct.
    e. Both a and c are correct. (a. The result of depletion of hemoglobin building blocks. c. caused by destruction of bone marrow.)
  5. Chemotherapy for cancer:
    A. prevents transcription.
    B. damages cells undergoing mitosis.
    C. Both a and b are correct.
    D. Neither a nor b is correct.
    C. Both a and b are correct. (a. prevents transcription. b. damages cells undergoing mitosis.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Immunotherapy for cancer:
    A. is augmented by memory cells.
    B. suppresses tumor-immune response.
    C. injures both transformed and normal cells.
    D. is nonspecific treatment.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    A. is augmented by memory cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. BRMs:
    a. directly kill cancer cells.
    b. augment the tumor-immune rejection response.
    c. modify the cancer cell's susceptibility to lysis.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    e. None of the above are correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  8. The cause of the majority of gastric lymphomas is ?.
    H. pylori
  9. Exposure to asbestos increases the risk for ?.
    mesothelioma
  10. Prolonged exposure to UVR increases the risk for ?.
    melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma
  11. A chemical acting as an inducer of leukemia is ?.
    benzene
  12. At the cellular level, cancer is ?.
    genetic
  13. Ionizing radiation causes mutation to clonal progeny and to ?.
    bystander cells
  14. UVR induces the release of ?, which may reduce immune surveillance.
    TNF-α
  15. The evidence does not implicate ? as a cause of cancer.
    EMF exposure
  16. Enzymes that activate xenobiotics are called ? enzymes.
    Phase 1 activation
  17. Among men, prostate carcinogenesis is related to production of ?.
    endogenous androgen
  18. Higher ? is associated with gastrointestinal, reproductive, and renal cancers, as well as, with lymphoid tissue cancers.
    BMI
  19. Increased protein degradation is possible because of the ? pathway.
    ubiquitin-protease protein
  20. ? administration is effective in correcting the anemia associated with cancer.
    Erythrpoietin
  21. Radiation
    A. T cell transfer
    B. facilitates adjuvant chemotherapy or irradiation
    C. stimulation of immune system
    D. decreases initial tumor size
    E. direct ionization
    F. cancerous cells attacked in cell cycle
    G. specific antibodies for tumor antigen
    E. direct ionization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Monoclonal antibodies
    A. direct ionization
    B. decreases initial tumor size
    C. stimulation of immune system
    D. cancerous cells attacked in cell cycle
    E. specific antibodies for tumor antigen
    F. T cell transfer
    G. facilitates adjuvant chemotherapy or irradiation
    E. specific antibodies for tumor antigen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Immunomodulating agents
    A. direct ionization
    B. facilitates adjuvant chemotherapy or irradiation
    C. decreases initial tumor size
    D. specific antibodies for tumor antigen
    E. stimulation of immune system
    F. cancerous cells attacked in cell cycle
    G. T cell transfer
    E. stimulation of immune system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Debulking surgery
    A. direct ionization
    B. decreases initial tumor size
    C. T cell transfer
    D. specific antibodies for tumor antigen
    E. stimulation of immune system
    F. cancerous cells attacked in cell cycle
    G. facilitates adjuvant chemotherapy or irradiation
    G. facilitates adjuvant chemotherapy or irradiation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
    A. decreases initial tumor size
    B. stimulation of immune system
    C. facilitates adjuvant chemotherapy or irradiation
    D. T cell transfer
    E. cancerous cells attacked in cell cycle
    F. direct ionization
    G. specific antibodies for tumor antigen
    A. decreases initial tumor size
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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