14 Study Guide

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NursyDaisy
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137381
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14 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 21:01:26
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Concepts of Neurologic Dysfunction
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  1. Confusion
    A. no arousal
    B. inability to think clearly
    C. vocalization in response to pain stimuli
    D. slow vocalization, decreased oculomotor activity
    E. orientation to person, time, and place
    B. inability to think clearly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Coma
    A. orientation to person, time, and place
    B. vocalization in response to pain stimuli
    C. slow vocalization, decreased oculomotor activity
    D. no arousal
    E. inability to think clearly
    D. no arousal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Supratentorial processes reduce arousal by:
    A. destroying the reticular activating system.
    B. Both a and c are correct.
    C. displacement of the brain stem.
    D. destroying the brain stem.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    C. displacement of the brain stem.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. An individual shows flexion in upper extremities and extension in lower extremities. This is:
    A. decorticate posturing.
    B. decerebrate posturing.
    C. excitation posturing.
    D. caloric posturing.
    A. decorticate posturing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Cerebral death:
    A. is death of the brain stem.
    B. no longer maintains respiratory and cardiovascular functions.
    C. permits normal internal homeostasis.
    D. is death of the cerebellum.
    C. permits normal internal homeostasis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Precipitating causes of seizure include all of the following except:
    A. hyperglycemia.
    B. hyperthermia.
    C. stroke.
    D. meningitis.
    e. All of the above are correct.
    A. hyperglycemia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which epileptic seizure is characterized by temporal lobe spikes in the EEG?
    A. autonomic
    B. status epilepticus
    C. absence
    D. Jacksonian
    E. psychomotor
    E. psychomotor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Postictal sleeping can be seen in ? seizures.
    A. unilateral
    B. partial
    C. psychomotor
    D. absence
    E. grand mal
    E. grand mal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Cortical dementia
    A. inability to understand relationships
    B. inability to remember
    C. inability to recognize sound
    D. inability to verify and correct input
    E. inability to control motor function
    B. inability to remember
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Agnosia
    A. inability to recognize sound
    B. inability to remember
    C. inability to understand relationships
    D. inability to verify and correct input
    E. inability to control motor function
    A. inability to recognize sound
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Subcortical dementia
    A. inability to understand relationships
    B. inability to remember
    C. inability to verify and correct input
    D. inability to recognize sound
    E. inability to control motor function
    E. inability to control motor function
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Alzheimer disease:
    A. manifests nerve cell tangles.
    B. manifests as neuron senile plaques.
    C. can be caused by increased cerebral levels of acetylcholine.
    D. is most prevalent as a late-onset dementia.
    e. All of the above are correct.
    D. is most prevalent as a late-onset dementia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Dystonia is:
    A. abnormal posture maintained by muscular contractions.
    B. a spastic gate.
    C. stooped, hyperflexed posture.
    D. flexed posture.
    A. abnormal posture maintained by muscular contractions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. An individual with increased intracranial pressure from a head injury shows small and reactive pupils, widened pulse pressure, and slowed breathing. Which stage of ICP exists?
    A. Stage 2
    B. Stage 1
    C. Stage 3
    D. Stage 4
    C. Stage 3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Infratentorial herniation occurs with:
    A. shifting of the diencephalon.
    B. shifting of the mesencephalon.
    C. Both a and b are correct.
    D. shifting of the cerebellum.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    D. shifting of the cerebellum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. In cerebral vasogenic edema:
    A. cerebrospinal fluid leaves the ventricles.
    B. there is autodigestion.
    C. plasma proteins leak into extracellular spaces.
    D. active transport fails.
    C. plasma proteins leak into extracellular spaces.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which statement is not true regarding increasing intracranial pressures?
    A. Accumulating CO2 causes vasoconstriction.
    B. Both b and c are correct.
    C. Brain tissue shifts from the compartment of greater pressure to one of lesser pressure.
    D. The blood volume in the vessels increases.
    E. The brain volume increases.
    A. Accumulating CO2 causes vasoconstriction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Intellectual function is impaired in the dementing process. Which intellectual function is not impaired?
    a. anterograde memory
    b. retrograde memory
    c. abstraction
    d. language deficits
    e. All of the above functions are impaired.
    e. All of the above functions are impaired.
  19. Huntington disease
    A. involuntary writing movements
    B. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    C. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    D. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    E. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    F. flexed forward leaning
    G. increased muscle tone
    H. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    I. absence of spontaneous gestures
    J. frontal lobe dysfunction
    K. tonic reflex activity
    L. individual muscles affected
    G. increased muscle tone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Rigidity
    A. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    B. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    C. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    D. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    E. tonic reflex activity
    F. increased muscle tone
    G. flexed forward leaning
    H. individual muscles affected
    I. involuntary writing movements
    J. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    K. frontal lobe dysfunction
    L. absence of spontaneous gestures
    E. tonic reflex activity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Parkinson disease
    A. flexed forward leaning
    B. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    C. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    D. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    E. tonic reflex activity
    F. absence of spontaneous gestures
    G. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    H. frontal lobe dysfunction
    I. increased muscle tone
    J. individual muscles affected
    K. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    L. involuntary writing movements
    A. flexed forward leaning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Akinesia
    A. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    B. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    C. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    D. involuntary writing movements
    E. individual muscles affected
    F. tonic reflex activity
    G. frontal lobe dysfunction
    H. flexed forward leaning
    I. absence of spontaneous gestures
    J. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    K. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    L. increased muscle tone
    C. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Senile posture
    A. tonic reflex activity
    B. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    C. involuntary writing movements
    D. flexed forward leaning
    E. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    F. frontal lobe dysfunction
    G. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    H. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    I. absence of spontaneous gestures
    J. individual muscles affected
    K. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    L. increased muscle tone
    F. frontal lobe dysfunction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Dyspraxia
    A. frontal lobe dysfunction
    B. absence of spontaneous gestures
    C. increased muscle tone
    D. involuntary writing movements
    E. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    F. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    G. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    H. tonic reflex activity
    I. individual muscles affected
    J. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    K. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    L. flexed forward leaning
    K. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Lower motor neuron syndrome
    A. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    B. involuntary writing movements
    C. frontal lobe dysfunction
    D. tonic reflex activity
    E. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    F. increased muscle tone
    G. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    H. absence of spontaneous gestures
    I. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    J. individual muscles affected
    K. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    L. flexed forward leaning
    J. individual muscles affected
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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