15 Study Guide

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  1. In blunt head trauma:
    A. only focal injury occurs.
    B. the dura is severed.
    C. brain tissues are exposed.
    D. the dura remains intact.
    D. the dura remains intact.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. In an automobile accident, an individual's forehead struck the windshield. The coup/countercoup injury would be in the:
    A. parietal/occipital region.
    B. occipital/frontal region.
    C. frontal/occipital region.
    D. frontal/parietal region.
    C. frontal/occipital region.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. In moderate diffuse axonal injury:
    A. coma lasts less than 24 hours.
    B. coma lasts more than 24 hours.
    C. tearing of axons in the cerebral hemisphere occurs.
    D. disruption of axons occurs in cerebral hemispheres and those extending into the diencephalon and brain stem.
    E. Both a and d are correct.
    E. Both a and d are correct. (a. coma lasts more than 24 hours. d. tearing of axons in the cerebral hemisphere occurs.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Concussion
    A. violent displacement of brain tissue resulting from acceleration or deceleration
    B. venous bleeding
    C. bruising of part of the brain
    D. arterial bleeding
    E. bleeding into the brain's parenchyma
    A. violent displacement of brain tissue resulting from acceleration or deceleration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Contusion
    A. arterial bleeding
    B. venous bleeding
    C. bruising of part of the brain
    D. violent displacement of brain tissue resulting from acceleration or deceleration
    E. bleeding into the brain's parenchyma
    C. bruising of part of the brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Extradural hematoma
    A. venous bleeding
    B. violent displacement of brain tissue resulting from acceleration or deceleration
    C. bleeding into the brain's parenchyma
    D. bruising of part of the brain
    E. arterial bleeding
    E. arterial bleeding
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Subdural hematoma
    A. bleeding into the brain's parenchyma
    B. bruising of part of the brain
    C. venous bleeding
    D. arterial bleeding
    E. violent displacement of brain tissue resulting from acceleration or deceleration
    C. venous bleeding
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Intracerebral hematoma
    A. violent displacement of brain tissue resulting from acceleration or deceleration
    B. bleeding into the brain's parenchyma
    C. venous bleeding
    D. bruising of part of the brain
    E. arterial bleeding
    B. bleeding into the brain's parenchyma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Most spinal cord injuries occur in the:
    A. cervical and thoracic regions.
    B. lumbar and sacral regions.
    C. thoracic and lumbar regions.
    D. cervical and lumbar regions.
    D. cervical and lumbar regions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Injury of the cervical cord may be life threatening because of:
    A. diaphragmatic impairment.
    B. increased intracranial pressure.
    C. spinal shock.
    D. disrupted reflex.
    E. loss of bladder and rectal control.
    A. diaphragmatic impairment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Autonomic hyperreflexia is characterized by all of the following except:
    A. hypotension.
    B. precipitation because of a distended bladder or rectum.
    C. stimulation of sensory receptors below the level of the cord lesion.
    D. slower heart rate
    A. hypotension.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Intervertebral disk herniation:
    A. in the lumbosacral area causes pain over the gluteal region and into the calf or ankle.
    B. usually occurs at the thoracic level.
    C. a, b, and c are correct.
    D. is infrequent in the lumbosacral disks.
    E. Both b and c are correct.
    A. in the lumbosacral area causes pain over the gluteal region and into the calf or ankle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) are:
    A. neurologic deficits that slowly evolve or develop.
    B. generalized neurologic deficits that occur a few seconds every time.
    C. unilateral neurologic deficits that slowly resolve.
    D. focal neurologic deficits that develop suddenly, last for several minutes, and clear in 24 hours.
    D. focal neurologic deficits that develop suddenly, last for several minutes, and clear in 24 hours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which is a risk factor for the development of CVAs?
    a. polycythemia vera
    b. hypertension
    c. diabetes mellitus
    d. hyperhomocysteinemia
    e. All of the above are risk factors.
    e. All of the above are risk factors.
  15. Which most typically characterizes the victims of cerebral embolic stroke?
    A. individuals with gradually occurring symptoms that then rapidly disappear
    B. middle-aged individuals with a history of heart disease
    C. individuals with a long history of TIAs
    D. individuals older than 65 year of age with a history of hypertension
    B. middle-aged individuals with a history of heart disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Ruptured aneurysms are most likely in ? cerebrovascular accidents.
    A. embolic
    B. hemorrhagic
    C. thrombotic
    D. TIA
    B. hemorrhagic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which is not a primary intracerebral neoplasm?
    A. meningioma
    B. astrocytoma
    C. oligodendroglioma
    D. ependymoma
    A. meningioma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. In bacterial meningitis, the CSF has:
    A. an elevated number of lymphocytes.
    B. normal glucose levels.
    C. neutrophilic infiltration.
    d. None of the above is correct.
    e. a, b, and c are correct.
    C. neutrophilic infiltration.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Multiple sclerosis involves:
    A. degeneration of dopaminergic receptors.
    B. depletion of GABA.
    C. lower motor neuron muscle wasting.
    D. activation of the syncytin gene.
    D. activation of the synctin gene.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Manifestations of subarachnoid hemorrhage include:
    a. an explosive headache.
    b. muscle flaccidity.
    c. neurologic deficits.
    d. a delayed age of onset.
    • a. an explosive headache.
    • c. neurologic deficits.
  21. Spondylolysis
    A. CNS myelin
    B. neuromuscular junction
    C. ventricular system of brain
    D. cerebral cortex
    E. corticospinal tracts
    F. peripheral nerve myelin
    G. neural arch of vertebra
    H. muscles
    G. neural arch of vertebra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Myasthenia gravis
    A. muscles
    B. peripheral nerve myelin
    C. neural arch of vertebra
    D. neuromuscular junction
    E. cerebral cortex
    F. ventricular system of brain
    G. corticospinal tracts
    H. CNS myelin
    D. neuromuscular junction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Multiple sclerosis
    A. neural arch of vertebra
    B. CNS myelin
    C. cerebral cortex
    D. peripheral nerve myelin
    E. ventricular system of brain
    F. neuromuscular junction
    G. muscles
    H. corticospinal tracts
    B. CNS myelin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Guillain-Barré syndrome
    A. CNS myelin
    B. muscles
    C. corticospinal tracts
    D. cerebral cortex
    E. neural arch of vertebra
    F. peripheral nerve myelin
    G. neuromuscular junction
    H. ventricular system of brain
    F. peripheral nerve myelin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    A. cerebral cortex
    B. corticospinal tracts
    C. ventricular system of brain
    D. CNS myelin
    E. neural arch of vertebra
    F. peripheral nerve myelin
    G. muscles
    H. neuromuscular junction
    B. corticospinal tracts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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137382
Card Set
15 Study Guide
Description
Alteration of Neruologic Function
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