16 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137383
Filename:
16 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 20:45:16
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Alterations of Neurologic Function in Children
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  1. T/F
    An 11-month-old infant who displays a strong asymmetric tonic neck is probably just "slow" in development and should be assumed to have normal neurologic functions.
    False
  2. T/F
    Ninety percent of neural tube defects are anencephaly.
    False
  3. T/F
    Anencephaly is the result of premature closure of the sutures of the skull.
    False
  4. T/F
    Environmental influences play an important role in neural tube defects.
    True
  5. T/F
    Encephalocele is the result of herniation of the brain and meninges through a defect of the lower vertebrae.
    False
  6. T/F
    Neurologic function at birth is chiefly at the subcortical level.
    True
  7. T/F
    The prognosis for an individual with meningomyelocele depends on the level and extent of the defect.
    True
  8. T/F
    hydrocephaly may be caused by the overproduction of CSF, blockage of CSF flow, or inhibition of reabsorption.
    True
  9. T/F
    Hydrocephaly is almost never a neural tube defect, because such defects usually permit leakage of the CSF out of the defect.
    False
  10. T/F
    Seizure disorders in children are usually static and resolve naturally because the neurons and neuronal pathways are constantly maturing.
    False
  11. T/F
    An obvious "sac" on the back of a newborn should be thoroughly probed and examined to determine where it is attached to underlying structures.
    False
  12. Aspirin administration during a viral illness has been associated with ? syndrome, which is considered to be a(n) ? encephalopathy.
    Reye, hepatic
  13. Early morning vomiting without associated nausea may be indicative of a(n) ? fossa brain tumor.
    posterior
  14. Focal neurologic findings such as ataxia may be associated with a(n) ? fossa brain tumor.
    anterior
  15. A child becoming significantly more ill with symptoms of headache, lethargy, and stiff neck after several days of treatment for otitis media may be showing findings consistent with ?.
    meningitis
  16. ? is a disease associated with premature closure of sutures of the skull.
    Craniosynostosis
  17. May restrict brain growth
    A. cerebral palsy
    B. congenital hydrocephaly
    C. meningocele
    D. microcephaly
    E. meningitis
    F. hydrocephaly
    G. craniosynostosis
    H. Reye syndrome
    I. PKU
    G. craniosynostosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. May result from increased CSF
    A. meningitis
    B. congenital hydrocephaly
    C. microcephaly
    D. meningocele
    E. hydrocephaly
    F. Reye syndrome
    G. craniosynostosis
    H. PKU
    I. cerebral palsy
    B. congenital hydrocephaly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Protrusion of the meninges through a vertebral defect.
    A. cerebral palsy
    B. Reye syndrome
    C. PKU
    D. craniosynostosis
    E. microcephaly
    F. hydrocephaly
    G. meningitis
    H. congenital hydrocephaly
    I. meningocele
    I. meningocele
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. May require cesarean section for delivery
    A. meningocele
    B. craniosynostosis
    C. cerebral palsy
    D. Reye syndrome
    E. PKU
    F. congenital hydrocephaly
    G. hydrocephaly
    H. microcephaly
    I. meningitis
    G. hydrocephaly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Static disease that has changing findings over time
    A. craniosynostosis
    B. cerebral palsy
    C. meningocele
    D. hydrocephaly
    E. Reye syndrome
    F. microcephaly
    G. meningitis
    H. PKU
    I. congenital hydrocephaly
    B. cerebral palsy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Defect in metabolism of an amino acid with severe neurologic involvement
    A. hydrocephaly
    B. congenital hydrocephaly
    C. meningitis
    D. microcephaly
    E. cerebral palsy
    F. craniosynostosis
    G. PKU
    H. meningocele
    I. Reye syndrome
    G. PKU
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Associated with ingestion of aspirin during upper respiratory infection
    A. Reye syndrome
    B. PKU
    C. craniosynostosis
    D. congenital hydrocephaly
    E. hydrocephaly
    F. meningocele
    G. microcephaly
    H. cerebral palsy
    I. meningitis
    A. Reye syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Very small head
    A. congenital hydrocephaly
    B. hydrocephaly
    C. Reye syndrome
    D. meningitis
    E. microcephaly
    F. PKU
    G. craniosynostosis
    H. cerebral palsy
    I. meningocele
    E. microcephaly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Infectious process that may cause profound damage to cranial nerves.
    A. hydrocephaly
    B. meningocele
    C. PKU
    D. Reye syndrome
    E. congenital hydrocephaly
    F. microcephaly
    G. craniosynostosis
    H. cerebral palsy
    I. meningitis
    I. meningitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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