19 Study Guide

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NursyDaisy
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137386
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19 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 20:13:13
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Structure and Function of the Hematologic System
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  1. Which is not a plasma component?
    A. platelets
    B. gases
    C. glucose
    D. electrolytes
    E. colloids
    A. platelets
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which is the most abundant protein in blood plasma?
    A. fibrinogen
    B. immunoglobulins
    C. albumins
    D. hormones
    E. globulins
    C. albumins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Eosinophils:
    A. can phagocytize.
    B. only a and c are correct.
    C. ingest antigen-antibody complexes.
    D. a, b, and c are correct.
    E. can be induced to attack parasites.
    D. a, b, and c are correct. (a. can phagocytize. b. ingest antigen-antibody complexes. c. can be induced to attack parasites.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The precursor of granulocytes is the:
    A. M-CSF.
    B. monoblast.
    C. megakaryoblast.
    D. myeloblast.
    D. myeloblast.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Identify the correct sequence in the differentiation of erythrocytes.
    A. normoblast, reticulocyte, erythroblast
    B. normoblast, erythroblast, reticulocyte
    C. proerythroblast, normal blast, reticulocyte
    D. normoblast, proerythroblast, reticulocyte
    C. proerythroblast, normal blast, reticulocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A differential count of WBCs includes all of the following except:
    A. 3% reticulocytes.
    B. 54% to 67% neutrophils.
    C. 5% to 10% natural killer cells.
    D. 35% to 36% lymphocytes.
    E. 3% to 8% monocytes and macrophages.
    A. 3% reticulocytes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The purpose of erythropoietin is to:
    A. control the size of platelets.
    B. detect hypoxia.
    C. decrease maturation of erythroblasts.
    D. control erythrocyte production.
    D. control erythrocyte production.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The main regulator of platelet circulating mass is:
    A. ADP.
    B. GP11b/111a complex
    C. thrombopoietin.
    D. thromboxane.
    C. thrombopoietin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. About how many times more RBCs than WBCs are there in a mm3 of blood?
    A. 15
    B. 100
    C. 1000
    D. 90
    e. None of the above are correct.
    C. 1000
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. If the total leukocytic count of an individual was 7000/mm3, about how many neutrophils would normally be present in a mm3 of blood?
    A. 700
    B. 3000
    C. 400
    D. 2100
    E. 4200
    E. 4200
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which granulocyte function is similar to that of tissue mast cells?
    A. basophils
    B. neutrophils
    C. eosinophils
    D. lymphocytes
    E. monocytes
    A. basophils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Erythropoietin:
    A. is released by the kidney to stimulate erythrocyte and platelet formation.
    B. causes recycling of iron for production of RBCs.
    C. is secreted by the kidney.
    D. Both a and b are correct.
    E. production is stimulated by tissue hypoxia.
    D. Both a and b are correct. (a. is secreted by the kidney. b. production is stimulated by tissue hypoxia.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which is not an agranulocyte?
    A. mast cell
    B. Both a and d are correct.
    C. monocyte
    D. lymphocyte
    E. reticulocyte
    B. Both a and d are correct. (a. mast cell. d. reticulocyte.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which is the most effective phagocytes?
    A. lymphocytes and eosinophils
    B. neutrophils and basophils
    C. neutrophils and monocytes
    D. basophils and monocytes
    e. None of the above is correct.
    C. neutrophils and monocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which vitamins are needed for erythropoiesis?
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. A and D
    C. B2 and B12
    D. Both a and b are correct.
    E. C and E
    D. Both a and b are correct. (a. C and E b. B2 and B12)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. IL-3
    A. macrophage, neutrophil
    B. normoblast
    C. erythroblast
    D. eosinophil
    E. erythrocytes
    A. macrophage, neutrophil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. GM
    A. eosinophil
    B. erythroblast
    C. normoblast
    D. macrophage, neutrophil
    E. erythrocytes
    A. eosinphil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Kupffer cells are found in the:
    A. kidney.
    B. bone marrow.
    C. spleen and lymph nodes.
    D. liver.
    D. liver.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which test reflects bone marrow activity?
    A. Reticulocyte count
    B. Hematocrit mean
    C. g/dl
    D. Hemoglobin mean
    A. Reticulocyte count
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. As an individual ages:
    A. the erythrocyte life span shortens.
    B. lymphocytic function decreases.
    C. platelet numbers decrease.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    B. lymphocytic function decreases.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Hemostasis involves all of the following except:
    A. platelet plug formation.
    B. clot formation.
    C. prostacyclin I.
    D. intrinsic pathway activities.
    E. vasoconstriction.
    C. prostacyclin I.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. When a blood vessel is damaged:
    A. platelets are attracted to collagen.
    B. Both a and b are correct.
    C. subendothelial collagen is exposed.
    D. platelets degranulate.
    E. a, b, and c are correct.
    E. a, b, and c are correct. (a. subendothelial collagen is exposed. b. platelets are attracted to collagen. c. platelets degranulate.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The biochemical mediators released by adhering platelets cause:
    A. vasodilation of the injured vessel.
    B. vasoconstriction of the injured vessel.
    C. the inflammatory process to proceed.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    B. vasoconstriction of the injured vessel.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which is the correct sequence in coagulation?
    A. fibrinogen, thrombin, stabilizer fibrin
    B. prothrombin activator complex, X, XA
    C. damaged tissue, VII, prothrombin
    D. X, tissue thromboplastin, XA
    C. damaged tissue, VII, prothrombin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which is the correct sequence in fibrinolysis?
    A. FDP, fibrinogen
    B. plasmin, FDP
    C. plasminogen, XIIa
    D. fibrin, plasminogen
    B. plasmin, FDP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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