20 Study Guide

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NursyDaisy
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137387
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20 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 14:10:53
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Alterations of Hematologic Function
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  1. Anemia refers to a deficiency of:
    A. Both b and d are correct.
    B. platelets.
    C. hemoglobin.
    D. erythrocytes.
    E. blood plasma.
    A. Both b and d are correct. (b. erythrocytes. d. hemoglobin.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Morphologic classification of anemia is based on all of the following except:
    A. size.
    B. cause.
    C. color.
    D. shape.
    B. cause.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Hypoxemia causes:
    A. Both a and b are correct.
    B. a, b, and c are correct.
    C. arterioles, capillaries, and venules to dilate.
    D. the heart to contract more forcefully.
    E. the rate and depth of breathing to increase.
    A. Both a and b are correct. (a. arterioles, capillaries, and venules to dilate. b. the heart to contract more forcefully.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Vitamin B12 deficiency
    A. macrocytic-normochromic
    B. microcytic-hypochromic
    C. normocytic-normochromic
    A. macrocytic-normochromic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Iron deficiency
    A. macrocytic-normochromic
    B. microcytic-hypochromic
    C. normocytic-normochromic
    B. microcytic-hypochromic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Folic acid deficiency
    A. microcytic-hypochromic
    B. normocytic-normochromic
    C. macrocytic-normochromic
    C. macrocytic-normochromic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Excessive bleeding
    A. normocytic-normochromic
    B. macrocytic-normochromic
    C. microcytic-hypochromic
    C. microcytic-hypochromic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which symptoms are consistent with aplastic anemia but not with pernicious anemia?
    A. pallor
    B. hypoxia
    C. neuropathy
    D. hemorrhage into the tissues
    E. fatigue
    D. hemorrhage into the tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. A cause of macrocytic-normochromic anemia is:
    A. iron deficiency.
    B. antibodies against parietal cells.
    C. inheritance of abnormal hemoglobin structure.
    D. an enzyme deficiency.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    B. antibodies against parietal cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. An individual with chronic gastritis and tingling in the fingers requires which of the following for treatment?
    A. ferrous fumarate by intramusclar injection
    B. transfusions
    C. B 12 by intramuscular injection
    D. oral folate
    E. oral B12
    C. B12 by intramuscular injection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Secondary polycythemia may be caused by:
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    C. dehydration.
    D. living at high altitudes.
    E. Both b and c are correct.
    A. a, b, and c are correct. (a. dehydration. b. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. c. living at high altitudes.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The symptoms of polycythemia are essentially caused by:
    A. increased blood viscosity.
    B. increased rate of blood flow.
    C. fewer erythrocytes than normal.
    D. decreased blood volume.
    A. increased blood viscosity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Eosinophilia
    A. early stage of infection
    B. pregnancy
    C. allergic disorders
    D. radiation
    E. surgical stress
    C. allergic disorders
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Leukopenia
    A. radiation
    B. allergic disorders
    C. pregnancy
    D. early stage of infection
    E. surgical stress
    A. radiation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Leukocytosis is found in all of the following except:
    A. bone marrow depression.
    B. allergic responses.
    C. bacterial infections.
    D. inflammatory responses.
    A. bone marrow depression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. What is the most notable characteristic of infectious mononucleosis?
    A. The presence of heterophil antibody is diagnostically helpful.
    B. Lymphocytosis persists for less than 1 week.
    C. It has a short incubation period of less than 1 week.
    D. It usually affects preteens.
    A. The presence of heterophil antibody is diagnostically helpful.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which likely does not play a role in leukemia?
    A. polycythemia
    B. chloramphenicol
    C. diet
    D. radiation
    E. Down syndrome
    C. diet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. CML is characterized by its:
    A. acute onset.
    B. high incidence in children.
    C. survival time of days to months.
    D. presence of the Philadelphia chromosome.
    D. presence of the Philadelphia chromosome.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Clinical manifestation of multiple myeloma include all of the following except:
    A. m-protein.
    B. pathologic fractures.
    C. renal damage.
    D. decreased serum calcium.
    E. bone pain.
    D. decreased serum calcium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Epstein-Barr virus
    a. Hodkin lymphoma
    b. non-Hodkin lymphoma
    a. Hodkin lymphoma
  21. Reed-Sternberg cell
    a. Hodkin lymphoma
    b. non-Hodkin lymphoma
    a. Hodkin lymphoma
  22. More frequent extranodal involvement
    a. Hodkin lymphoma
    b. non-Hodkin lymphoma
    b. non-Hodkin lymphoma
  23. A thrombocytopenia with a platelet count below 50,000/mm3 likely will cause:
    A. spontaneous bleeding.
    B. death.
    C. polycythemia.
    D. hemorrhage from minor trauma.
    D. hemorrhage from minor trauma.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Thromboembolic disease can be caused by all of the following except:
    A. injured vessel walls.
    B. obstructed blood flow.
    C. polycythemia.
    D. tissue damage that releases excessive tissue factor.
    E. deficient dietary intake of vitamin K.
    E. deficient dietary intake of vitamin K.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. DIC is associated with:
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. activation of factor X.
    C. endothelial damage.
    D. Both a and c are correct.
    E. release of tissue factor.
    A. a, b, and c are correct. (a. endothelial damage. b. activation of factor X. c. release of tissue factor.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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