21 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137388
Filename:
21 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 14:07:02
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Alterations of Hematologic Function in Children
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  1. T/F
    Early initiation of iron-rich cow's milk in an infant's diet is an excellent preventive measure against iron deficiency anemia.
    False
  2. T/F
    Although a frequent problem, ABO incompatibility seldom results in significant disease.
    True
  3. T/F
    Sequestration crisis is a serious complication of sickle cell disease unique to childhood.
    True
  4. T/F
    Rh incompatibility is a problem only of an Rh-positive woman bearing an Rh-negative fetus during a second pregnancy.
    False
  5. T/F
    Because homeostasis in the newborn is chiefly attained through the extrinsic pathway, serious bleeding in the newborn period usually is not a problem in hemophiliacs.
    True
  6. T/F
    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a genetically transmitted disease.
    False
  7. T/F
    Leukemias are multifactorial diseases with genetic disposition, environment, and bacterial infections playing a role in their etiologies.
    False
  8. Which is the most common blood disorder of infancy and childhood?
    A. iron deficiency anemia
    B. folate deficiency anemia
    C. sideroblastic anemia
    D. pernicious anemia
    A. iron deficiency anemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Maternal-fetal blood incompatibility may exist in which condition?
    A. Rh-positive mother, Rh-negative fetus
    B. Rh-negative mother, Rh-positive fetus
    C. Rh-negative father, Rh-positive mother
    D. Rh-negative father, Rh-positive mother
    B. Rh-negative mother, Rh-positive fetus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Beta-thalassemia is:
    A. Both a and b are correct.
    B. an autosomal recessive disorder.
    C. common among Italians.
    D. Both a and c are correct.
    E. an X-linked recessive disorder.
    D. Both a and c are correct. (a. common among Italians. c. an autosomal recessive disorder.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which statement is correct?
    A. Sickle cell disease is an autosomal recessive disorder.
    B. Sickle cell disease is an autosomal dominant disorder.
    C. Sickle cell disease is an X-linked recessive disorder.
    D. Sickle cell disease is an X-linked dominant disorder.
    B. Sickle cell disease is an autosomal dominant disorder.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura involves antibodies against:
    A. neutrophils.
    B. eosinophils.
    C. basophils.
    D. platelets.
    D. platelets.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which are factors associated with iron deficiency anemia?
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. cow's milk for infants
    C. Both a and c are correct.
    D. rapid growth
    E. low socioeconomic status
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What is the most likely cause of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura?
    A. stress and fatigue
    B. genetic predisposition
    C. prolonged occult bleeding
    D. viral sensitization
    E. Both b and c are correct.
    D. viral sensitization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Hodgkin lymphoma has:
    A. rare extranodal involvement.
    B. extensive extranodal involvement.
    C. Both b and c are correct.
    D. painless cervical lymphadenopathy.
    E. Both a and c are correct.
    C. Both b and c are correct. (b. rare extranodal involvement. c. painless cervical lymphadenopathy.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. In sickle cell disease, vasoocclusive crisis is the result of:
    A. damage to platelets caused by IgG.
    B. ingestion of sulfa drugs.
    C. sequestration of large numbers of erythrocytes in the spleen.
    D. "plugging" of microcirculation by "stiff" sickled erythrocytes.
    D. "plugging" of microcirculation by "stiff" sickled erythrocytes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which factor may play a part in the development of childhood leukemia?
    a. genetic predisposition
    b. environmental factors
    c. viral infections
    d. radiation
    e. All of the above are correct.
    e. All of the above are correct.
  18. Which statement is true about acute lymphocytic leukemia?
    A. It is uniformly fatal.
    B. It is easily predicted through genetic testing.
    C. It is the most common childhood leukemia.
    D. Both a and b are correct.
    E. It usually occurs between 2 and 6 years of age.
    D. Both a and b are correct. (a. It is the most common childhood leukemia. b. It usually occurs between 2 and 6 years of age.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Leukocyte counts approaching 100,000mm3
    A. leukemia
    B. sickle cell disease
    C. hemophilia
    D. ITP
    E. Rh incompatibility
    A. leukemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Low platelet counts
    A. Rh incompatibility
    B. ITP
    C. hemophilia
    D. leukemia
    E. sickle cell disease
    B. ITP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Lack of coagulation factors VII, IX, and XI
    A. ITP
    B. hemophilia
    C. sickle cell disease
    D. Rh incompatibility
    E. leukemia
    B. hemophilia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. May present early as symmetric, painful swelling of hands and feet
    A. hemophilia
    B. sickle cell disease
    C. ITP
    D. Rh incompatibility
    E. leukemia
    B. sickle cell disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. May cause severe hemolysis in the newborn period
    A. ITP
    B. Rh incompatibility
    C. hemophilia
    D. sickle cell disease
    E. leukemia
    B. Rh incompatibility
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. May result in aplastic crises
    A. sickle cell disease
    B. hemophilia
    C. Rh incompatibility
    D. ITP
    E. leukemia
    A. sickle cell disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. May result in fetal death
    A. ITP
    B. sickle cell disease
    C. Rh incompatibility
    D. hemophilia
    E. leukemia
    C. Rh incompatibility
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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