24 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137391
Filename:
24 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-30 13:57:18
Tags:
Pathophysiology
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Description:
Alterations of Cardiovascular Function in Children
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  1. T/F
    Shunts are usually independent of systemic or pulmonary pressures and are solely the result of heart defects.
    False
  2. T/F
    A patent ductus arteriosus or VSD is sometimes helpful when it is associated with other cardiac defects.
    True
  3. T/F
    VSDs always require surgical closure.
    False
  4. T/F
    In ASDs or VSDs, murmurs indicate defects.
    True
  5. T/F
    Cyanosis is not a major finding in transportation of the great vessels, because the blood is free to travel normally to the lungs.
    False
  6. Abnormal blood flow within the heart is usually referred to as a(n) ?.
    shunt
  7. In VSD, the shunt direction is generally ? to ?.
    left, right
  8. Cyanotic defects usually shunt ? to ?.
    right, left
  9. Cyanosis that results from cardiac defects is usually caused by mixture of ? and ? blood.
    oxygenated, unoxygenated
  10. Some cardiac defects are not obvious at birth because systemic and pulmonary pressures are nearly ? at that point.
    equal
  11. The patent ductus arteriosus has a(n) ?-to-? shunt.
    left, right
  12. The ductus arteriosus should be totally closed within the ? of life.
    first weeks
  13. Thickening or restriction of the valve from the right ventricle is known as ?.
    pulmonary stenosis
  14. Defects that obstruct outflow from ventricles tend to cause increased ?, which may lead to ?.
    afterload, congestive heart failure
  15. Narrowing of the great vessel leading to the systemic circulation is known as ?.
    coarctation of the aorta
  16. Associated with dyspnea when feeding
    A. left heart failure
    B. tetralogy of Fallot
    C. transposition of the great vessels
    D. VSD
    E. Kawasaki disease
    A. left heart failure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Likely associated with an infectious etiology and an autoimmune response
    A. Kawasaki disease
    B. transposition of the great vessels
    C. VSD
    D. left heart failure
    E. tetralogy of Fallot
    A. Kawasaki disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Vasculitis associated with aneurysm
    A. Kawasaki disease
    B. transposition of the great vessels
    C. VSD
    D. left heart failure
    E. tetralogy of Fallot
    A. Kawasaki disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. If mild, often self-correcting
    A. tetralogy of Fallot
    B. Kawasaki disease
    C. left heart failure
    D. transposition of the great vessels
    E. VSD
    E. VSD
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Blue spells
    A. left heart failure
    B. tetralogy of Fallot
    C. transposition of the great vessels
    D. Kawasaki disease
    E. VSD
    B. tetralogy of Fallot
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. ASD, overriding aorta, pulmonic stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy
    A. Kawasaki disease
    B. VSD
    C. tetralogy of Fallot
    D. transposition of the great vessels
    E. left heart failure
    C. tetralogy of Fallot
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Common complication of congenital heart defects
    A. VSD
    B. Kawasaki disease
    C. left heart failure
    D. tetralogy of Fallot
    E. transposition of the great vessels
    C. left heart failure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Immediate cyanosis and distress after birth
    A. Kawasaki disease
    B. left heart failure
    C. transposition of the great vessels
    D. VSD
    E. tetralogy of Fallot
    C. transposition of the great vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Two separate circulatory systems
    A. transposition of the great vessels
    B. left heart failure
    C. Kawasaki disease
    D. VSD
    E. tetralogy of Fallot
    A. transposition of the great vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. May be associated with coronary thrombosis
    A. Kawasaki disease
    B. left heart failure
    C. VSD
    D. transposition of the great vessels
    E. tetralogy of Fallot
    A. Kawasaki disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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