27 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137394
Filename:
27 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-06 14:33:17
Tags:
Pathophysiology
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Description:
Alterations of Pulmonary Function in Children
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  1. T/F
    Inflammation above the epiglottis causes a barking cough.
    False
  2. T/F
    Laryngotracheobronchitis is more severe than epiglotitis.
    False
  3. T/F
    Surfactant production accelerates airway luminal growth.
    False
  4. T/F
    Failure to produce surfactant at birth results in severe atelectasis and RDS.
    True
  5. T/F
    Cystic fibrosis is a disease process primarily caused by hyperresponsive airways that are sensitive to certain environmental triggers.
    False
  6. T/F
    Bronchiolotis and asthma produce similar symptoms.
    True
  7. Epiglottitis is characterized by:
    a. gradual onset.
    b. severe stridor.
    c. drooling.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    e. Both b and c are correct.
    e. Both b and c are correct. (b. severe stridor. c. drooling.)
  8. Laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) is characterized by:
    a. mild to moderate stridor, often worse at night.
    b. antecedent "cold" symptoms.
    c. swelling of subglottic tissues.
    d. a barking cough.
    e. All of the above are correct.
    e. All of the above are correct.
  9. The most common cause of bronciolitis is:
    A. respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
    B. parainfluenza virus.
    C. exposure to allergens.
    D. H. influenzae.
    A. respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Streptococcal pneumonia in children is acute and tends to occur in:
    A. the winter.
    B. the summer.
    C. the early spring.
    D. any season.
    E. the fall months.
    D. any season.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Staphylococcal pneumonia in children has its highest incidence at:
    A. 1 week to 2 years.
    B. 2 to 3 years.
    C. 1 to 4 years.
    D. 1 to 12 years.
    A. 1 week to 2 years.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Bronchiolitis:
    a. causes destruction of ciliated cells.
    b. can cause atelectasis.
    c. can be hyperinflation.
    d. All of the above is correct.
    d. All of the above is correct.
  13. All of the following statements about foreign body aspiration are true except:
    A. it can cause pneumonia and atelectasis.
    B. it may cause pneumonias and lung abscess.
    C. Both b and c are correct.
    D. it is a relatively common occurence in childhood.
    E. the offending objects include food and toys.
    A. it can cause pneumonia and atelectasis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which statement is true concerning cystic fibrosis?
    a. It is a multisystem disease.
    b. Defect results in overproduction of viscous mucus.
    c. It is difficult to detect carriers through genetic testing.
    d. Infectious complications are common.
    e. a, b, and d are correct.
    • e. a, b, and d are correct. (a. It is a multisystem disease. b. Defect results in overproduction of viscous mucus.
    • d. Infectious complications are common.)
  15. Which statement is true concerning asthma?
    A. Once asymptomatic for a number of years, affected individuals may be assumed to be cured.
    B. Its triggers include allergy, viruses, and exercise.
    C. a, b, and c are correct.
    D. Both a and c are correct.
    E. It is characterized by hyperresponsive airways.
    D. Both a and c are correct. (a. Its triggers include allergy, viruses, and exercise. c. It is characterized by hyperresponsive airways.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which statement is true concerning RDS of the new born? There is:
    a. a right-to-left shunt.
    b. absence of surfactant.
    c. hypoxic vasoconstriction.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  17. Expiratory wheezing
    A. obstructive sleep apnea
    B. respiratory distress syndrome
    C. asthma
    D. laryngotracheobronchitis
    E. epiglottitis
    F. SIDS
    G. cystic fibrosis
    C. asthma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Autosomal recessive disease
    A. obstructive sleep apnea
    B. asthma
    C. cystic fibrosis
    D. laryngotracheobronchitis
    E. epiglottitis
    F. SIDS
    G. respiratory distress syndrome
    C. cystic fibrosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A right-to-left shunt
    A. asthma
    B. epiglottitis
    C. respiratory distress syndrome
    D. cystic fibrosis
    E. SIDS
    F. obstructive sleep apnea
    G. laryngotracheobronchitis
    C. respiratory distress syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy
    A. epiglottitis
    B. asthma
    C. SIDS
    D. respiratory distress syndrome
    E. obstructive sleep apnea
    F. laryngotracheobronchitis
    G. cystic fibrosis
    E. obstructive sleep apnea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Acute, life-threatening infection
    A. asthma
    B. epiglottitis
    C. SIDS
    D. obstructive sleep apnea
    E. respiratory distress syndrome
    F. cystic fibrosis
    G. laryngotracheobronchitis
    B. epiglottitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Parainfluenza virus
    A. asthma
    B. epiglottitis
    C. laryngotracheobronchitis
    D. SIDS
    E. cystic fibrosis
    F. obstructive sleep apnea
    G. respiratory distress syndrome
    C. laryngotracheobronchitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Prone position increases incidence
    A. asthma
    B. obstructive sleep apnea
    C. respiratory distress syndrome
    D. cystic fibrosis
    E. epiglottitis
    F. SIDS
    G. laryngotracheobronchitis
    F. SIDS
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Spasm of vocal cords occurs as inflammation intensifies
    A. asthma
    B. cystic fibrosis
    C. respiratory distress syndrome
    D. SIDS
    E. epiglottitis
    F. obstructive sleep apnea
    G. laryngotracheobronchitis
    G. laryngotracheobronchitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Inflammatory basis with hyperresponsive airways
    A. respiratory distress syndrome
    B. SIDS
    C. obstructive sleep apnea
    D. asthma
    E. cystic fibrosis
    F. laryngotracheobronchitis
    G. epiglottitis
    D. asthma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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