31 Study Guide

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NursyDaisy
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137398
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31 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-06 14:05:37
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Pathophysiology
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Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems
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  1. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) reaches the anterior pituitary gland and causes the release of which of the following? (More than one answer may be correct)
    a. growth hormone (GH)
    b. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    c. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    d. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    e. oxytocin
    • b. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • d. luteinizing hormone (LH)
  2. Which is not a structure of the female external genitalia?
    A. vagina
    B. labia minora
    C. clitoris
    D. labia majora
    E. vestibule
    A. vagina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A new menstrual cycle has a rise in the levels of:
    A. LH.
    B. progesterone.
    C. GH.
    D. FSH.
    E. estrogen.
    D. FSH.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Progesterone:
    A. thins the endometrium.
    B. stimulates lactation.
    C. causes ovulation.
    D. maintains the thickened endometrium.
    E. increases uterine tube motility.
    D. maintains the thickened endometrium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The ovaries produce:
    A. ova only.
    B. ova and estrogen.
    C. testosterone and semen.
    D. ova, estrogen, and oxytocin.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    B. ova and estrogen.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. During which days of the menstrual cycle does the endometrium achieve maximum development?
    A. 7 to 12
    B. 20 to 24
    C. 26 to 28
    D. 2 to 6
    E. 14
    B. 20 to 24
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Hormones necessary for the growth and development of female breasts are:
    A. estrogens and progesterone.
    B. oxytocin and ADH.
    C. gonadocorticoids.
    D. relaxin.
    E. androgens and steroids.
    A. estrogens and progesterone.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The structure that releases a mature ovum is the:
    A. corpus albicans.
    B. primary follicle.
    C. graafian follicle.
    D. corpus luteum.
    E. infundibulum.
    C. graafian follicle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. A major duct of the female reproductive system is the:
    A. uterosacral duct.
    B. mesovarian duct.
    C. suspensory tube.
    D. broad duct.
    E. uterine tube.
    E. uterine tube.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Prostate is to the accessory gland as gonad is to the:
    A. accessory gland.
    B. bulbourethral gland.
    C. urethra.
    D. ejaculatory duct.
    E. ovary.
    E. ovary.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Cells that produce testosterone are called:
    A. spermatogonia.
    B. sustentacular cells.
    C. interstitial endocrinocytes.
    D. testicular endocrine cells.
    e. None of the above are correct.
    C. interstitial endocrinocytes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The function of testosterone includes:
    a. development of male gonads.
    b. bone and muscle growth.
    c. influencing sexual behavior.
    d. growth of testes.
    e. All of the above are correct.
    e. All of the above are correct.
  13. Immediately after the sperm cells leave the ductus epididymis, they enter the:
    A. seminiferous tubules.
    B. ductus deferens.
    C. urethra.
    D. ejaculatory duct.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    B. ductus deferens.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. A substance produced in the reproductive system mainly be the bulbourethral glands is:
    A. mucus.
    B. an alkaline, viscous fluid.
    C. fructose.
    D. HCI.
    A. mucus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which structure(s) produce(s) a secretion that helps maintain the motility of spermatozoa? (More than one answer may be correct)
    a. prostate
    b. penis
    c. Cowper (bulbourethral) glands
    d. interstitial tissues
    e. All of the above is correct.
    • a. prostate
    • c. Cowper (bulbourethral) glands
  16. Semen is:
    A. the product of the testes.
    B. responsible for engorgement of the erectile tissue in the penis.
    C. the secretion that causes ovulation in the female.
    D. the sperm and secretions of the seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral gland.
    E. vaginal secretions needed to activate sperm.
    D. the sperm and secretions of the seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral gland.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The vulva consists of the:
    A. vaginal orifice.
    B. a, b, and c are correct.
    C. Both a and b are correct.
    D. clitoris.
    E. labia major and labia minora.
    B. a, b, and c are correct. (a. labia majora and labia minora. b. clitoris. c. vaginal orifice.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The major difference between female and male hormone production is:
    A. GnRH doesn't cause the release of FSH in the male.
    B. hormonal production is relatively constant in the male.
    C. Both a and b are correct.
    D. LH is without effect in the male.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    B. hormonal production is relatively constant in the male.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The primary spermatocyte has:
    A. 46 chromosomes.
    B. 23 chromosomes.
    C. Both a and d are correct.
    D. the same number of chromosomes as a sperm.
    E. a diploid number of chromosomes.
    C. Both a and d are correct. (a. 46 chromosomes. c. 23 chromosomes.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. During the follicular/proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle:
    A. progesterone constricts the ducts.
    B. vascularity of breast tissue decreases.
    C. vascularity of breast tissue increases.
    D. Both b and c are correct.
    C. vascularity of breast tissue increases.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Most of the lymphatic drainage of the female breast occurs through the:
    A. internal mammary nodes.
    B. brachial nodes.
    C. axillary nodes.
    D. anterior pectoral nodes.
    E. subclavian nodes.
    C. axillary nodes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Primary follicles resist gonadotropin stimulation
    A. luteal/secretory phase
    B. vasocongestive response
    C. menopause
    D. follicular/proliferative phase
    E. menarche
    F. premenopause
    G. vasomotor flush
    C. menopause
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Corpus luteum fails to develop
    A. premenopause
    B. luteal/secretory phase
    C. follicular/proliferative phase
    D. menarche
    E. vasocongestive response
    F. vasomotor flush
    G. menopause
    G. menopause
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Less effective erection
    A. luteal/secretory phase
    B. vasomotor flush
    C. premenopause
    D. vasocongestive response
    E. follicular/proliferative phase
    F. menopause
    G. menarche
    D. vasocongestive response
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. First menstruation
    A. luteal/secretory phase
    B. vasomotor flush
    C. vasocongestive response
    D. menopause
    E. premenopause
    F. follicular/proliferative phase
    G. menarche
    G. menarche
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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