31 Study Guide

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  1. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) reaches the anterior pituitary gland and causes the release of which of the following? (More than one answer may be correct)
    a. growth hormone (GH)
    b. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    c. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    d. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    e. oxytocin
    • b. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • d. luteinizing hormone (LH)
  2. Which is not a structure of the female external genitalia?
    A. vestibule
    B. clitoris
    C. labia majora
    D. vagina
    E. labia minora
    D. vagina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A new menstrual cycle has a rise in the levels of:
    A. LH.
    B. progesterone.
    C. FSH.
    D. GH.
    E. estrogen.
    C. FSH.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Progesterone:
    A. causes ovulation.
    B. increases uterine tube motility.
    C. maintains the thickened endometrium.
    D. stimulates lactation.
    E. thins the endometrium.
    C. maintains the thickened endometrium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The ovaries produce:
    A. ova and estrogen.
    B. testosterone and semen.
    C. ova, estrogen, and oxytocin.
    D. ova only.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    A. ova and estrogen.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. During which days of the menstrual cycle does the endometrium achieve maximum development?
    A. 20 to 24
    B. 2 to 6
    C. 7 to 12
    D. 26 to 28
    E. 14
    A. 20 to 24
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Hormones necessary for the growth and development of female breasts are:
    A. relaxin.
    B. oxytocin and ADH.
    C. gonadocorticoids.
    D. androgens and steroids.
    E. estrogens and progesterone.
    E. estrogens and progesterone.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The structure that releases a mature ovum is the:
    A. corpus albicans.
    B. corpus luteum.
    C. graafian follicle.
    D. primary follicle.
    E. infundibulum.
    C. graafian follicle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. A major duct of the female reproductive system is the:
    A. broad duct.
    B. uterosacral duct.
    C. uterine tube.
    D. suspensory tube.
    E. mesovarian duct.
    C. uterine tube.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Prostate is to the accessory gland as gonad is to the:
    A. bulbourethral gland.
    B. ejaculatory duct.
    C. ovary.
    D. accessory gland.
    E. urethra.
    C. ovary.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Cells that produce testosterone are called:
    A. testicular endocrine cells.
    B. sustentacular cells.
    C. interstitial endocrinocytes.
    D. spermatogonia.
    e. None of the above are correct.
    C. interstitial endocrinocytes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The function of testosterone includes:
    a. development of male gonads.
    b. bone and muscle growth.
    c. influencing sexual behavior.
    d. growth of testes.
    e. All of the above are correct.
    e. All of the above are correct.
  13. Immediately after the sperm cells leave the ductus epididymis, they enter the:
    A. urethra.
    B. ejaculatory duct.
    C. ductus deferens.
    D. seminiferous tubules.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    C. ductus deferens.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. A substance produced in the reproductive system mainly be the bulbourethral glands is:
    A. mucus.
    B. fructose.
    C. HCI.
    D. an alkaline, viscous fluid.
    A. mucus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which structure(s) produce(s) a secretion that helps maintain the motility of spermatozoa? (More than one answer may be correct)
    a. prostate
    b. penis
    c. Cowper (bulbourethral) glands
    d. interstitial tissues
    e. All of the above is correct.
    • a. prostate
    • c. Cowper (bulbourethral) glands
  16. Semen is:
    A. responsible for engorgement of the erectile tissue in the penis.
    B. the sperm and secretions of the seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral gland.
    C. vaginal secretions needed to activate sperm.
    D. the product of the testes.
    E. the secretion that causes ovulation in the female.
    B. the sperm and secretions of the seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral gland.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The vulva consists of the:
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. clitoris.
    C. labia major and labia minora.
    D. Both a and b are correct.
    E. vaginal orifice.
    A. a, b, and c are correct. (a. labia majora and labia minora. b. clitoris. c. vaginal orifice.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The major difference between female and male hormone production is:
    A. hormonal production is relatively constant in the male.
    B. GnRH doesn't cause the release of FSH in the male.
    C. LH is without effect in the male.
    D. Both a and b are correct.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    A. hormonal production is relatively constant in the male.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The primary spermatocyte has:
    A. the same number of chromosomes as a sperm.
    B. 23 chromosomes.
    C. a diploid number of chromosomes.
    D. 46 chromosomes.
    E. Both a and d are correct.
    E. Both a and d are correct. (a. 46 chromosomes. c. 23 chromosomes.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. During the follicular/proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle:
    A. progesterone constricts the ducts.
    B. vascularity of breast tissue increases.
    C. Both b and c are correct.
    D. vascularity of breast tissue decreases.
    B. vascularity of breast tissue increases.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Most of the lymphatic drainage of the female breast occurs through the:
    A. internal mammary nodes.
    B. axillary nodes.
    C. brachial nodes.
    D. anterior pectoral nodes.
    E. subclavian nodes.
    B. axillary nodes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Primary follicles resist gonadotropin stimulation
    A. menopause
    B. premenopause
    C. follicular/proliferative phase
    D. luteal/secretory phase
    E. vasomotor flush
    F. vasocongestive response
    G. menarche
    A. menopause
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Corpus luteum fails to develop
    A. premenopause
    B. menarche
    C. menopause
    D. follicular/proliferative phase
    E. vasomotor flush
    F. vasocongestive response
    G. luteal/secretory phase
    C. menopause
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Less effective erection
    A. follicular/proliferative phase
    B. vasocongestive response
    C. luteal/secretory phase
    D. menarche
    E. premenopause
    F. menopause
    G. vasomotor flush
    B. vasocongestive response
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. First menstruation
    A. menarche
    B. vasomotor flush
    C. follicular/proliferative phase
    D. luteal/secretory phase
    E. vasocongestive response
    F. premenopause
    G. menopause
    A. menarche
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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137398
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31 Study Guide
Description
Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems
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