32 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137399
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32 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-06 13:53:02
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Alterations of the Reproductive Systems
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  1. Secondary amenorrhea is:
    A. failure to begin menstruation by age 20.
    B. increased myometrial vasculature constriction.
    C. the absence of menstruation following menarche.
    D. menarche failure.
    C. the absence of menstruation following menarche.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What is the likely pathophysiology of PMS?
    A. elevated prolactin levels cause salt and water retention
    B. elevated aldosterone levels cause salt and water retention
    C. an abnormal nervous, immunologic, vascular, and gastrointestinal response to hormone fluctuations of the menstrual cycle likely occurs
    D. Both a and b are correct.
    C. an abnormal nervous, immunologic, vascular, and gastrointestinal response to hormone fluctuations of the menstrual cycle likely occurs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID):
    A. involves the epididymis.
    B. never causes peritonitis.
    C. primarily affects males.
    D. may cause infertility or tubular pregnancy.
    E. is usually caused by viruses.
    D. may cause infertility or tubular pregnancy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Anovulatory cycles having prolonged estrogen levels and absent progesterone production are found in:
    A. endometrial hyperplasia.
    B. cervical cancer.
    C. corpus luteum cysts.
    D. adenomyosis.
    E. Both b and c are correct.
    A. endometrial hyperplasia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Depressed T cell function is associated with:
    A. adenomyosis.
    B. leiomyomas.
    C. endometriosis.
    D. follicular cysts.
    E. endometrial polyps.
    C. endometriosis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A 42-year-old retired prostitute who became sexually active at age 14 is at risk to develop:
    A. breast cancer.
    B. endometriosis.
    C. cervical carcinoma.
    D. uterine carcinoma.
    C. cervical carcinoma.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Polycystic ovary syndrome is:
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. sometimes a precursor of endometrial carcinoma.
    C. the most common cause of infertility in the United States.
    D. associated with hyperinsulinemia.
    A. a, b, and c are correct. (a. the most common cause of infertility in the United States. b. associated with hyperinsulinemia. c. sometimes a precursor of endometrial carcinoma.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Endometriosis:
    A. occurs primarily in the pleural cavity.
    B. has the ectopic endometrium responding to hormonal fluctuations of the menstrual cycle.
    C. does not reoccur after treatment.
    D. causes infertility in most women having the disorder.
    B. has the ectopic endometrium responding to hormonal fluctuations of the menstrual cycle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Phimosis is:
    A. thickening of the fascia in the erectile tissue of the corpora cavernosa.
    B. a condition in which the foreskin cannot be retracted.
    C. the condition of a retracted foreskin that cannot be moved forward.
    D. caused by poor hygiene and chronic infection.
    E. Both c and d are correct.
    E. Both c and d are correct. (c. a condition in which the foreskin cannot be retracted. d. caused by poor hygiene and chronic infection.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A varicocele is an intrascrotal disorder:
    A. that occurs because of independent or congenitally absent valves in the spermatic veins.
    B. that does not interfere with spermatogenesis.
    C. that results in a collection of fluid within the tunica vaginalis.
    D. located between the head of the epididymis and the testis.
    A. that occurs because of independent or congenitally absent valves in the spermatic veins.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Cryptorchidism is:
    A. relieved by scrotal support.
    B. failure of testes to descend into the scrotum.
    C. underdevelopment of the testes.
    D. an imbalance between secreting and absorptive capacities of scrotal tissues.
    E. the absence of scrotal tissue.
    B. failure of testes to descend into the scrotum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The infectious cause of orchitis is:
    A. streptococci.
    B. chlamydial organisms.
    C. mumps virus.
    D. gonococci.
    C. mumps virus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which organisms can cause epididymitis?
    a. Enterobacteriaceae
    b. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    c. Chlamydia trachomatis
    d. All of the above are correct.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  14. In benign prostatic hyperplasia, enlargement of periurethral tissue of the prostate causes:
    A. obstruction of the urethra.
    B. tension of the spermatic cord and testis.
    C. decreased urinary outflow from the bladder.
    D. inflammation of the testis.
    E. abnormal dilation of a vein within the spermatic cord.
    A. obstruction of the urethra.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Recurrent urinary tract infections in the male cause:
    A. balanitis.
    B. orchitis.
    C. nonbacterial prostatitis.
    D. epididymitis.
    E. chronic bacterial prostatitis.
    E. chronic bacterial prostatitis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. A symptom or sign of late-stage, metastatic prostatic cancer is:
    A. incomplete emptying.
    B. mental confusion associated with brain metastases.
    C. a, b, and c are correct.
    D. a slow urinary stream.
    E. frequency of urination.
    B. mental confusion associated with brain metastases.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Male sexual dysfunction may be caused by:
    A. infection around the introitus.
    B. diabetes mellitus.
    C. infected hymenal remnants.
    d. None of the above is correct.
    B. diabetes mellitus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Fluctuating lesion size
    a. fibrocystic disease
    b. breast cancer
    a. fibrocystic disease
  19. Palpable axillary lymph node
    a. fibrocystic disease
    b. breast cancer
    b. breast cancer
  20. Mutated gene on chromosome 13 or 17
    a. fibrocystic disease
    b. breast cancer
    b. breast cancer
  21. Gonorrhea
    A. Chlamydia trachomatis
    B. Sarcoptes scabiei
    C. Trichomonas vaginalis
    D. Mycoplasma hominis
    E. Haemophilus ducreyi
    F. Gardnerella vaginalis
    G. Treponema pallidum
    H. Phthirus pubis
    I. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    J. human papollomavirus
    I. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Syphilis
    A. Phthirus pubis
    B. Trichomonas vaginalis
    C. human papollomavirus
    D. Mycoplasma hominis
    E. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    F. Chlamydia trachomatis
    G. Gardnerella vaginalis
    H. Sarcoptes scabiei
    I. Haemophilus ducreyi
    J. Treponema pallidum
    J. Treponema pallidum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Condylomata acuminata
    A. Treponema pallidum
    B. Mycoplasma hominis
    C. human papollomavirus
    D. Trichomonas vaginalis
    E. Gardnerella vaginalis
    F. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    G. Phthirus pubis
    H. Haemophilus ducreyi
    I. Sarcoptes scabiei
    J. Chlamydia trachomatis
    C. human papollomavirus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Pediculosis pubis
    A. Phthirus pubis
    B. human papollomavirus
    C. Haemophilus ducreyi
    D. Gardnerella vaginalis
    E. Chlamydia trachomatis
    F. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    G. Mycoplasma hominis
    H. Treponema pallidum
    I. Trichomonas vaginalis
    J. Sarcoptes scabiei
    A. Phthirus pubis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Lymphogranuloma
    A. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    B. Phthirus pubis
    C. Sarcoptes scabiei
    D. human papollomavirus
    E. Mycoplasma hominis
    F. Chlamydia trachomatis
    G. Treponema pallidum
    H. Gardnerella vaginalis
    I. Trichomonas vaginalis
    J. Haemophilus ducreyi
    F. Chlamydia trachomatis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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